According to The European Graduate School (2012: Internet) Plato 's most influential work was the one of The Republic, as this was part of his middle dialogues. It is a discussion of the virtues of justice, courage, wisdom, and moderation, of the individual and in society. It works with the central question of how to live a good life, asking what an ideal State would be like, and what defines an individual. These lead to more questions regarding the education of citizens, how government should be formed, the nature of the soul, and the afterlife. The dialogue finishes by reviewing various forms of government and describing the ideal state, where only philosophers are fit to rule.
The concept of the Noble Lie is presented by Plato in the Republic. In Republic, Plato is engaged in creating an ideal political community, through the noble lie. The Noble Lie, ironically, despite being a lie, is still recognized as ‘noble’ by Plato since it aims to promote social welfare and harmony amongst the citizens. Plato’s idea of the noble lie led to the division of citizens into three distinct categories, namely, the rulers, the auxiliaries and the workmen . This paper will argue that Socrates principle of the Noble Lie must be considered justifiable under circumstances in which it intends to achieve moral ends.
This will lead to a better understanding of the political order. Plato’s Republic is a huge example of the best political order. Plato, Socrates and state: Plato has told in the Apology of Socrates that he was a loyal follower of Socrates. Plato gives a theory taken from the words of Socrates according to Plato, that the class society is divided is castes. • Productive - This is the working class that is divided in to people like carpenters, farmers, plumbers, merchants, laborers etc.
He was inspired by Socrates as well by Parmenides, Pythagoreans, and Heraclitus (Brickhouse & Smith). The Ancient Greek philosopher’s earliest works are usually viewed as the best dependable of the ancient sources on Socrates. From the character of the Socrates writing is considered to be one of the greatest of the ancient philosophers (Brickhouse & Smith). Plato might have traveled to Greece, Italy and also Egypt. The Pythagoras had influenced Plato’s philosophical
Plato was a philosopher in classical Greece. He was the founder of the Platonic Academy, the first institution of higher learning in the world. Later it would go on to become a model for European Universities. Plato is considered to be one of the foundational figures for western science, mathematics and philosophy. He is also considered to be the first major political philosopher, whose ideas had a profound impact on subsequent political theory Plato’s philosophy is marked by the belief that the human mind was capable to attain the truth and use this very truth for rational and virtuous ordering of human affairs.
This logically leads to debates of human countryside, the success of knowledge, the distinction between presence and realism, the components of an real education, and the basics of principles. The republic is a Socratic discussion, inscribed by Plato around 380 BC. It is a 4 volume book. Plato 's advanced philosophical opinions appears in The Republic. The Republic is an inspection of the "Good Life"; the accord reached by applying pure reason and justice.
When approaching the topic of a perfect society the first thing that comes to mind is Plato’s Utopian Society. Plato, a famous ancient Greek Philosopher wrote several dialogues and although little is known about his life due to a lack of surviving records it is unanimously agreed that he was one of the most influential figures in the development of philosophy in the Western tradition. In his book, The Republic Plato writes about the ideal human society where justice prevails and there are equality and egalitarianism among the people. This society is devoid of any crimes, any injustice and is a world where one can enjoy peace and happiness without the worry or fear of oppression of any kind. Plato went on to write how such a society would
If Plato had portrayed an Ideal State in hid republic which could be built in heaven only, Aristotle came down to earth while drawing the outline of his ideal state. Like a true scientist he does not attempt any impossible scheme in formulating his theory if Ideal State. His ideal state is attainable on his earth. We must first consider not only what is ideal but also what is the best attainable in actual practice. The only difference between a monarchy and an aristocracy is that in the first case virtue is centered in one person.
‘At Socrates discipline, Plato adopted his philosophy and style of debate and directed his studies towards the question of virtue and the formation of a noble character’. He was greatly influenced by Socrates, Heraclitus and Parmenides. ‘He mixed together in his works the arguments of Heraclitus, the Pythagoreans and Socrates. Regarding the sensible he borrows from Heraclitus, regarding the intelligible from Pythagoras and regarding politics from Socrates’ (D.L.3.8). After Socrates death Plato left Athens and began to travel.
Unlike civil law which is based on the short-term needs of “communities” and “popular approval” (Laws 2:11), the one law as conceived by Cicero is always valid for all political communities. Cicero compares this law as one not conceived by individuals or communities but immanent within an “eternal force” and that “original and final law is the intelligence of God, who ordains or forbids everything by reason” (Laws 2:8). Therefore, if the political legislation is derived via right reason, it cannot be against nature, and thus, “laws devised to ensure the safety of citizens. The security of states, and the peaceful happy life of human beings” are valid laws (Laws 2:11). Hence, laws that are “harmful or unjust” cannot be considered law, as they violate