The Contributions Of Serbian Nationalism And The First World War

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Serbian Nationalism and the First World War Nationalism is a patriotic feeling, common to a whole nation. Historians tend to blame the actions that lead to the Great War on the nationalism of the nations in Europe, which lead to international tensions. It made countries feel superior and also gave them the desire for political independence. In the Balkans, it was Serbian nationalism that was significant to the outbreak of the war. (“Nationalism”) Traditionally the Balkans had been dominated by the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, whom were each other’s rivals, and was inhabited by different ethnic groups known as Slavs. During the 19th century the influence of the Ottoman was in decline and the neighboring three Powers were all interested in the split up. But it also fuelled old Balkan desires of Slavic nationalism and Serbia’s desire to become the center of a South-Slavic state. Russia, being a Slavic nation, supported these ambitions actively whilst Austria Hungary saw Slavic and especially Serb nationalism as a potential threat to their empire where a lot of Slavs lived. (Cannon) During the process Serbia became independent and even succeeded together with the Balkan League to drive the Turkish conquerors from the Balkans during the First Balkan war in 1911. The quarrel afterwards with Bulgaria about dividing the won territories led to the Second Balkan War in 1913, won by Serbia. (Cannon; Wolfson & Laver) Serbian nationalism Serbian nationalism was ethnic

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