Serbian Nationalism and the First World War Nationalism is a patriotic feeling, common to a whole nation. Historians tend to blame the actions that lead to the Great War on the nationalism of the nations in Europe, which lead to international tensions. It made countries feel superior and also gave them the desire for political independence. In the Balkans, it was Serbian nationalism that was significant to the outbreak of the war. (“Nationalism”) Traditionally the Balkans had been dominated by the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, whom were each other’s rivals, and was inhabited by different ethnic groups known as Slavs. During the 19th century the influence of the Ottoman was in decline and the neighboring three Powers were all …show more content…
The quarrel afterwards with Bulgaria about dividing the won territories led to the Second Balkan War in 1913, won by Serbia. (Cannon; Wolfson & Laver) Serbian nationalism Serbian nationalism was ethnic nationalism. Their goal was the unity of Serbs and for Serbia to become the Piedmont of a new Southern-Slav state. The Serbs sought independence and freedom of foreign control and influence. Many factors powered the nationalistic feelings of the Serbs, including the Turkish control, pan-Slavism, the Bosnian Crisis and the Balkan Wars. (“World War I”) Serbian nationalism originated from medieval times, when the Serbs fought the Ottoman and were defeated. The 400 years of Turkish control had resulted in the Serb identity with their Orthodox religion, distinguishing them from their overlords and Christians. (Etty; Wolfson & Laver) Pan-Slavism; a movement for the unity and nationalism of the Slavic people in the mid 19th century, also increased Serbian nationalism and gave them confidence. They strived for a Greater Serbia and did not want to be politically dominated by the Hapsburg any longer. Serbia wanted to become the center of a pan-Slavic state and these ambitions and nationalistic aspirations made the region very volatile. …show more content…
Serbian nationalism was the most significant contributing factor in the Balkans to the outbreak of the First World War. Nationalist Serbs wanted the unity of Serbdom and to create a Greater Serbia that included the provinces Bosnia and Herzegovina. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand triggered the First World War and was prompted by the nationalism of the Serbs against Hapsburg control. If this trigger did not take place it would have been another event. But it is not surprising that it occurred in the Balkans; a volatile region, as Bismarck had predicted decades before; “ If there is ever another war in Europe, it will come out of some damned silly thin in the Balkans”.
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(Section 25-1a, Spielvogel) On top of that, not all nationalities were granted their own state. The Slavics and Serbians are examples of this. (25-1a, Spielvogel) A Bosnian activist that worked for the Serbian terrorist organization called the black hand was actually who assassination Francis Ferdinand, proving that this was a major role in creating the war.
During the years that led up to World War 1, many factors took place that potentially caused the war to occur, especially in the continent of Europe. In the Balkan peninsula, a belief called nationalism caused lots of chaos and tension between the nations (OI). Prideful Balkan countries would battle amongst themselves to prove their dominance as a culture. On top of this, countries formed alliances, creating an intricate alliance system that stretched throughout most of 20th century Europe
In a newspaper two years before the war had even begun, the founder of an Serbian extremist group called the black hand says that the only way for Serbia to gain freedom and honor is threw war (Document 3). The newspaper states “This war must bring out the eternal freedom of Serbia.” Not only did Serbia want freedom from Austria-Hungary but hornor as well. Thinking that the war was the only way to gain the freedom and honor they wanted, Serbia looked to their only option for a band of extremists to kill the prince of Austria-Hungary. This is a extremely significant part of why World War I started because of an assassination of a leader in Austria-Hungary country.
Moreover, Colonel Dragutin Dimitrevic ran the following newspaper and was head of Serbian military intelligence. "This war derives from the duty of our race which will not permit itself to be assimilated. This war must bring about the eternal freedom of Serbia, of the South Slavs, of the Balkan peoples. Our whole race must stand together to halt the onslaught of these aliens from the north," (Doc I). Nationalism helped cause WWI by the Slavs being able to rise up and break free of foreign Austrian rule.
nationalism, which had been growing in many European countries, caused tensions to rise and aggression toward other nations. It also got countries riled up to join the war because they felt obligated towards their country's cause because they felt compelled to make their country great and to have glory for their country and for their country's pride. One example of this in countries is The excerpt from a 1912 newspaper printed by Colonel Dragulin that says ¨“If Serbia wants to live in honor, she can do so only by this war.¨(document 4) Colonel Dragulin is saying that if the Serbian people want their country to have honor they have to fight in the war which is motivating them because the Serbian people want to join the war if they wanted their country to be honored by others. Additionally, there were other times when nationalism was demonstrated as a cause of WWI. One example of this was when German Chancellor Bernhard von Bulow delivered his speech before the Reichstag (German Congress) on December 11, 1889, and he said ¨
At the turn of the twentieth century, Europe seemed to enjoy a period of peace and progress. Yet below the surface, several forces were at work that would lead Europe into the “Great War.” One of these forces was nationalism, and it had an explosive effect in the Balkans. But, nationalism was only one of the many causes of World War I. Historians and eyewitnesses have described the causes of World War I and have tried to assess the responsibility for it. Militarism, Nationalism, and Alliance were some of the main cause for WWI and Grate Britain, France, Russia, Germany, Austria- Hungary and Italy Had a Grate Part to Play in It.
During the early nineteenth century the idea of nationalism was born. Nationalism is a strong feeling of pride in your country. It is the idea of one country being better than all others. Before the idea of nationalism took shape, cultures living in Europe were spread throughout large multi-cultural empires. These cultures didn't feel any ties to other people of the same culture, they only felt loyalty to the king or queen.
Both nationalism and sectionalism emerged after the War of 1812. Nationalism grew in the United States because of the victory at New Orleans. Americans were proud to be called Americans. America might have seemed like they were united; however, they were divided also by a growing belief of sectionalism. Sectionalism spread like a disease, affecting the minds of Americans.
grow in both military and economic status. World War 1 began in 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia which was ruled by Europe. The background behind the war involved five major things. It involved imperialism and competition, disputes in Europe, many countries having military alliances, jingoism, and different ideologies about government and economic structure. Austria-Hungary sent its military to Serbia and in result led to Russia declaring war of Austria-Hungary.
When Austria-Hungary annexed with Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia grew resentful as they wanted the territory for themselves and became openly hostile to Austria-Hungary. Meanwhile, the Christians were regaining their freedom in the First Balkan War. In the Second Balkan war, the Turks allied with the Greeks and Romanians against the Bulgarians. Austria wanted to attack Serbia, but was discouraged by the Germans and
How did nationalism cause WW1? 1910-1919 Nationalism was the main cause of World War One. The direct result of it led to the militarization of Europe’s countries, nationalistic feelings in Yugoslavia, and the alliances formed before the war. Despite the common idea that the first world war started because of Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s assassination, it was only a reason for Austria-Hungary to declare war. Nationalism was the driving factor to his assassination, and would not have happened without it.
World War 1 was the first global conflict as it was a struggle between the leading world powers in Europe that had colonised the 19th century. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Bosnia, heir to the Austrian-Hungary throne was a major trigger factor that led to the World War breaking out. It initially began as a European quarrel caused by the rivalry between nations which led to a series of mobilisations. In addition, there were many other vital factors to consider and these include Imperialism, Nationalism, Alliances and Militarism. This essay will explain how the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in 1914 triggered a number of events that led to the outbreak of World War 1.
The June 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the Serbian Black Hand Group, caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. As their allies got involved this conflict grew into World War I (WWI). This event wasn’t the real cause of the war, it was just the spark that started it. Most people would say the causes were imperialism, nationalism, alliances and militarism.
There were many minority nations that wanted to establish independence and separate themselves from the mainstream, dominant society. This collective identity and unity that the nations have established caused them to form extreme nationalist ideas and revolt against the more influential people they were controlled by. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand happened due to the severe nationalistic feelings of the Serbs. The Serbs had always wanted to achieve sovereignty and independence from Austria-Hungary. When Franz Ferdinand announced that he will be leaving to Sarajevo to greet the townspeople on June 28, 1914, a terrorist organization called the ‘Black Hand’ had meticulously arranged an attack against Franz Ferdinand.