The Contributions Of Teaching: Aristotle's Philosophy Of Education

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Aristotle (384-322 BC) believed knowledge was gained through the environment (Noel, 1993). Aristotle 's reality, founded in concrete knowledge gathering and experience, which is incorrelation with a rationalistic pedagogical paradigm Cantu and Warren, 2003). This is in contrast to Plato 's concept of truth and Piaget 's concept of schemata which are part of a constructivist pedagogical paradigm (Cantu and Warren, 2003). He saw knowledge to be associative, as one idea triggers the memory of another. Aristotle saw practical reasoning as an important aspect of teaching as a moral activity (Noel, 1993). In the practical reasoning account, a teacher must choose the best possible goals and achievements for their students while also highlighting the key role in deliberation in reasoning. Aristotle writes that "The man who is without qualification good at deliberating is the man who is capable of aiming in accordance with calculation at the best for man of things attainable by action" (Noel, 1993). Due to this, practical reasoning emphasises the moral aspects of the teaching activity, therefore, the teacher must use their own beliefs about educational goals when using practical wisdom in deliberating the most suitable goals for their students.when the teacher uses practical wisdom in deliberating about the best goals for her students (Noel, 1993). In this way, Aristotle had an effect on constructivism as he developed teaching methods and so creating a constructivist

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