Each member of a team is answerable not only for knowledge what is taught but also for helping other team members to learn, thus developing an environment of success. According to Kagan (1994), Cooperative Learning is a teaching arrangement that refers to small, heterogeneous groups of students working together to achieve a common goal. Students work together to learn and are responsible for their teammates’ learning as well as their own. Students work from beginning to end of the assignment until all group members successfully comprehend and complete it. They work in group to gain from each other’s efforts.
Cooperative learning model is an active process where students work in small teams/groups, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Students have opportunities to actively participate in their learning, question and challenge each other, share and discuss their ideas, and adopt their learning. Ross and Smyth (1995) describe successful cooperative learning tasks as intellectually demanding, creative, open-ended, and involve higher order thinking tasks. In this model, it is essential to create a positive climate where interpersonal skills can be promoted so that positive emotions will be fostered among learners. Cooperative learning also helps the learners to feel empowered and respected to prepare them to face real
It should provide them with feedback on their skill progression, motivate them to improve and contribute greatly to their overall development. It also guides the teacher, showing them both how and what the children are learning. This, in turn, enables them to adjust their lessons to account for all students in the classroom and self-reflect on their teaching practices for future planning. Given the wide
Building acceptance, in which the teacher checked one solution chosen by each group. Based on the major component of Treffinger and steps from expert, researcher adapted some ideas on how to use Treffinger in learning speaking. a. The first step is setting goals where teacher informs competency to be achieved in learning. In this research, teacher wants to improve students’ speaking skill in asking and giving opinion.
Job specific tasks Learning by doing gives students deliberative practice opportunities to address a course’s objectives, according to Ken Koedinge (2002), professor of human-computer integration and psychology and co-coordinators of the Simon Initiative. Teachers give a task to students because it has an objective to be pursued. Teacher knows what they are doing. They give student circumstances for student to become strong in facing any problem. The subject which the students encounter in school is the way for the student to mold their individuality.
The middle school model uses various modes of instruction that benefit various of learners. The middle school model uses student centered approaches to learning. Inquiry learning and interactive learning are also emphasized in the middle school model. Differentiation is used to meet the needs of all unique learners. Cooperative learning, discussions, student inquires, and projects are used to meet the needs of auditory, visual, kinesthetic learners.
When having this meeting, the problems and conflict of the classroom can be discussed and solved. On the other hand, the students’ problem such as their problems in study also can be discussed. Apart from that, students can learnt and increase their skill in the problem solving and can create the positive attitude of sense of belonging and trust among
The students were productively engaged during the lesson plan and learning process. Furthermore, I know that the students were productively engaged based on the comments and questions that they said during the lesson. During the lesson the students were excited about the group work and reading materials. 3.Did I alter my instructional plan as I taught the lesson? Why?
The instructions are repeated a few times but with variance in order for all students to gain an understanding. Then I ask the class to reiterate the directions to me. Additionally, directions are written on the board as they are given in a step-by-step method (McGrath, 2007, p. 67). Students are then asked if they have any questions about the lesson. Generally, one or two students do raise their hands to pose a question for clarification.
They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences. The motivational psychology researchers discovered several useful approaches and practices that can be implemented in the classroom for effective learning to take place (Miller, 2012). Teachers are using differentiation to support teaching and learning. Differentiation can vary in pace, activities, resources, teaching and learning styles in an attempt to best meet the needs of individual student. Various teaching strategies such as cooperative learning, active learning, role play and games and pedagogic tools are being integrated in educational theories in meaningful and useful ways to encourage task or learning achievements.