The Cosmological Argument For The Existence Of God

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The existence of God, an idea that has occupied the minds of the most brilliant philosophers in history. In response to this question they created three major arguments for the existence of god. These arguments are the cosmological argument for the existence of god, the anthological argument for the existence of god and the theological argument for the existence of god. The Theological Argument for the Existence of God also known as the Argument from Design or the Intelligence Design Argument states that the universe show remarkable sophistication and this sophistication suggest human-like intelligence (Arechavaleta). The earliest accountant of the argument from design is attribute to Socrates but some philosophy historians argue that the…show more content…
We see that things which lack knowledge, such as natural bodies, act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always, or nearly always, in the same way, so as to obtain the best result. Hence it is plain that they achieve their end, not fortuitously, but designedly. Now whatever lacks knowledge cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence; as the arrow is directed by the archer. Therefore, some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we call God. (Aquinas) In this claim Aquinas express that the only explanation for the existence of any end-direct system was the existence of an intelligent being who controls the system to the end. Another important version of the Theological Argument is the Argument from Simple Analogy, developed in the 17th and 18th Centuries. This argument is represented by a structure that states: 1. The material universe resembles the intelligent productions of human beings in that it exhibits design. 2. The design in any human artifact is the effect of having been made by an intelligent being. 3. Like effects have like…show more content…
Two of the most important are Charles Darwin and David Hume. Hume criticizes the Argument from Design in his book Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion and Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Hume is going to developed a case against the Argument from Design in where he is going to argue. We cannot validly reason from earthly parallels to the Universe as a whole. The order in nature could equally well result from the intrinsic properties of matter itself. Since the creation of the universe was a unique event, we cannot say anything about it. The existence of pain cast serious doubt on the existence of a benevolent Intelligence. In his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion the three main characters Philo a skeptic who sees inconsistencies in every line of argument, Demea pose arguments for the two others to discuss and Cleanthes skeptic who is aware of the limitations of logic but do not believe in the mental picture; argue about the Argument from Design. Philo win the discussion arguing that the appearance of order in nature could simply derive from the nature of matter itself (Hume). In general Hume show a general idea that the Argument from Design is useless because it only shows that there is intelligent design in the universe; it does not validate any theology beyond deism. Darwin as a naturalist is going to argue that the
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