He once was beautiful, but is now ugly due to his betrayal with Christ. He tears other sinners apart, but in return stabs himself in the back. No matter what, the pain inflicts on others will always inflict pain upon himself. Everything he does will cause him a stab to the back, slowly tearing away greater portions of his skin. Lucifer’s suffering is most appropriate by far, along with the suffering of Brutus, Cassius, and Judas.
He starts out feeling pity for the souls, and as he makes his journey down into the levels of hell, he starts to realize that the acts the people committed are sinful and they deserve the punishments they receive. On his journey, he meets people and listens to their stories and how they received their punishments. Dante shows the punishment of the sinners by use of analogy and antithesis. This is shown in canto five through lush between a couple, in canto thirteen through violence against oneself, and in canto twenty- three through fraudulence between hypocrites. Dante shows the punishment of the sinners by use of antithesis in canto five through lust between a couple.
Gauging Evil Do you remember that time you offered to give your sibling something in exchange for them keeping their mouth shut about something they saw you do? That small fraudulent act would land you right down in Circle Eight, Bolgia Five of Hell in Dante’s Inferno. Now that may seem like severe over punishment, but it has it's reason. In The Inferno by Dante Alighieri sinners are placed in concentric rings all approaching the center of Hell. The rings are ordered not by the severity of the crime, but by the darkness of the heart of the sinner.
Perhaps the main reason people perceived the old man without knowledge was that people are too blind to see beyond the ugliness and beauty. Society had a painted vision of what an angel should look like and all they should know what to do. Dancing and smiling the angel is beautiful, white, graceful and peaceful. However, the angel was filthy and he did not have the courtesy from others because of the assumptions he was less of a human. Too many times people are quick to judge others and lack moral values.
Edwards elaborates on his claim and states if God were to spare the audience now, they would “immediately sink and plunge into a bottomless gulf” of Hell. This dramatic imagery shows the Puritans that God will no longer come to their rescue because the Puritans have chosen to serve Satan. Edwards tries to reach his audience by saying Hell is a “great furnace of wrath” where sinners belong. This description of Hell shows Edwards belief that sinners will pay for not serving God by facing God’s wrath in Hell. Each claim made by Jonathan Edwards motivates the audience to stop serving Satan in order to escape the “very misery to all eternity” that is Hell.
The story also compares hell to a furnace which is pretty much the same thing as a pit. “The pit is prepared; ready to receive them; hell is ready to burn them” Edwards appeal for this quote is pathos. He wants to make people see that you will burn and be in excruciating pain forever. Everyone sins but he wants you accept christ so you don't have to go to hell and burn. “Ready to receive them,”satan
And thou and Romeo press one heavy bier.” (III.ii.60-61) In Act 3, Scene 3 Romeo much rather be dead than be banished and Friar Lawrence explains how ungrateful he is to be alive and that Juliet still loves him. Similarly, in Act 4, Scene 3 where Juliet is about to take the sleeping potion, she expresses how she would not mind if the potion killed her or caused her to go insane, but if she was alive and well she kill herself immediately. Doubleness is also part of theme in the story. Doubleness is deception or dissimulation. When Mercutio gets stabbed by Tybalt he says “Ay, ay, a scratch; marry ‘tis enough/ Where is my page?
1. In the epic poetry, The Inferno of Dante translation by Robert Pinsky (1320), Dante Alighieri implies that the sinners in Hell deserve the punishment that they get because of the bad decision(s) that they committed on the mortal world. Alighieri supports this claim by emphasizing how the sins of the sinners in the ninth circle were so bad that their punishment is well-deserved and that can be applied to all of the sinners throughout Dante’s journey. The author purposely emphasizes the sinner’s sins of betrayal in order to show that their decisions were so detrimental and overall so bad that a punishment did not seem like a choice but rather a necessity. The intended audience appears to be those who do not see their mistakes and that believe that their punishment is too harsh just as it is seen with the story of Alberigo where he does not see the extent of his sin and audaciously thinks of his punishment as too severe.
Aylmer wasn’t for sure what he was getting himself into because his mind stayed focused on his wife defect. The desire for perfection no only kills Georgiana, however it also ruins her husband. “Aylmer reached a profounder wisdom, he need not thus have flung away the happiness which would have woven his mortal life of the sesame texture with the celestial” the author stated, (Hawthorne 349). Georgina tiny mark is all he can see. It develops in Aylmer’s mind until the good sight of gorgeous Georgiana fade.
The most notable of these is when he has climbed to the seventh terrace of Mount Purgatory, the terrace of the lustful. Upon reaching this terrace, the angel of chastity appears and tells them, “Holy souls, no farther can you go without first suffering fire. So, enter now, and be not deaf to what is sung beyond.” (27.10-12) Dante is wary about walking through the fiery barricade that the lustful have to traverse through as their punishment. Virgil upbraids Dante’s cowardice and reminds him that walking through the flames is the only way to reach paradise and Beatrice, the love of his life. Listening to the voice of reason, Dante uses this reminder to continue going on his journey.
Character + Theme Dante’s change of mindset from inquisitive to analytical allows him to see the effects of his actions more greatly than before. Dante’s interest in watching two souls quarrel earns him a scolding from Virgil. He encourages Dante not to be amused or interested by sinners but rather look at them through God’s justice. Dante is immediately ashamed of his action that he feels,” wheeled about with such a starch of shame that (he) grow pale yet at the memory” (30.134-135) a response he would not have shown in the earlier Cantos. Dante begins to understand how his actions affect himself and the people around him, interest or compassion for the sinners does more bad than good for both of them.