The Country Zone Model: The Modern City Model

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GEO 291 Session 2016-17 THE HOYT SECTOR MODEL Submitted To : Name : Pranil Pradhan Dr. Mohan Kumar Bera Section : C1403 Roll No. : A09 Reg. No.: 11401321 INTRODUCTION With passing time urban areas have become increasingly complicated. Each urban area has a variety of functions. The manner in which the humans use the land changes throughout the urban area due to the different activities that take place. With time, a number of models have been created based on studies to identify…show more content…
One of the most distinguished of these is the “Burgess” or “concentric zone model”. This model is based on the concept that land values are highest in the centre of a city or town. This is because competition is greater in the central parts of the settlement. This leads to high-density buildings, high-rise being found near the Central Business District (CBD), with sparse, low-density developments on the edge of the town or city. Another urban model is the “Hoyt model”. This is based on the circles on the Burgess model, but adds sectors of similar land uses concentrated in parts of the city. It is noticeable how some zones, e.g. the factories/industry zone, radiate out from the CBD. This is probably following the line of a main road or a…show more content…
Noticing that the various transportation routes into an urban area, including railroads, sea ports, and tram lines, represented greater access, Hoyt propounded that cities tended to grow in wedge-shaped patterns or “sectors” radiating from the central business district and centred on major transportation routes. Higher levels of access meant higher land values, thus, many commercial functions would remain in the CBD but manufacturing functions would develop in a wedge surrounding transportation routes. Residential functions would grow in wedge-shaped patterns with a sector of low-income housing bordering manufacturing/industrial sectors (traffic, noise, and pollution makes these areas the least desirable) while sectors of middle- and high-income households were located farthest away from these functions. Hoyt's model pursuits to broadly state a principle of urban
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