This is the “broken window” policing strategy introduced by Police Commissioner Bratton under the administration of Mayor Giuliana (Francis). In turn, the broken window policy is based on an interesting sociological experiment. In 1969 Philip Zimbardo, a Stanford University Sociologist, took a car with some sminor damage, torn license plate, left the doors open, and left it in the Bronx, at that time a very crime infested section of New York. Within 10 minutes it was being robbed and in three days it was a hulk on cinder blocks. Zimbardo then took a similar car to Palo Alto, California, an upscale area, but this time there was no damaged license plate and the doors were closed and locked.
Even though Nixon started the war on drugs and focused on law enforcement, his administration still allocated some money to treatment and prevention, whereas the Reagan administration focused only on law, order, and punishment. In Ronald Reagan’s radio address to the nation on October 2nd of 1982 he declares, that the battle flag is up, and the United States is going to win the “War on Drugs”. Drug enforcement had seen major increases to their budget, while money for treatment was almost non-existent. Since then, the war on drugs has only caused more racial tension between majority groups and minorities. One major cause of added tension is the practice of racial profiling by law enforcement which increased significantly in the 80’s, when “the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) developed profiling of drug couriers to intercept and reduce interstate drug trafficking” (Sirin 4).
Al Capone During the 1920’s the government was cracking down on the distribution of alcohol, they thought that banning alcohol would reduce crime rates, unfortunately the opposite. Men like Al Capone rose to power and sold alcohol, even though it was banned. Al Capone and many others like him started participating in organized crime. In the process of Al Capone rising to power he made allies and enemies. Al Capone was historically significant, because his childhood highly affected his actions as an adult.
Originally, the series followed policemen and their life at work and home but soon was decided to be too artificial. Show director John Langley says, "Years ago, I did a show called Cocaine Blues and, at the time, I went on a drug raid. This was back in 1981 or so, and I observed the police doing a drug raid, and I thought, “How interesting would it be to have a show with nothing between you and the officers?” In other words, it would be like a ride-along—be with them when they do something, from their point of view. So that was the genesis of it, and then it took many years to interest anyone in the idea." Eventually the show went on to tape policemen enforcing laws, drug busting, responding to domestic violence calls, and much more.
After the Colombian government was able to assassinate Pablo on a rooftop. After his death, the amount of cocaine coming out of Columbia was slowed as a whole, so the price of the cocaine rose. Also, the American government began to do a better job of arresting anyone with the possession of cocaine or anyone who was related to the business of handling and selling cocaine. America was not able to eradicate the problem but fewer businessmen used the drug and it was riskier to have the drug for being caught could result in a hard
The American Civil Liberty Union was formed during WW1, because the Federal Government was constraining people’s freedom of speech and throwing people into jail because they went against the government. So during the 20’s people started to have more and more freedoms and many of the laws the Government had in place to suppress the people were starting to be repealed. People were starting to be subject to advertisements from coca cola to phonographs. The people in the 20s people were living free they were drinking and expressing themselves more than they ever had and that had some groups upset. I don’t believe the 20’s were decadence they were the building blocks of a country that is open to all persons and cultures.
A major benefit for having body cams is the fact that it will decrease the force used by Police Officers. For the past couple of years there has been many videos of Police Officers using excessive force against innocent victims, especially with African Americans. “The notion has been around for a while. But since August 's fatal shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri -- for which witness accounts varied widely -- it 's gained traction to become part of the national conversation about police conduct.” (Brandon Griggs 1) People have been recently protesting against Police Officers because of the excessive force people have seen them use recently in viral videos. Some Departments have been using body cams and have seen some significant results.
Prohibition increased the amount of crime taking place in american cities, murder, burglary and assault rates increased with the creation of the black market for illegal then substances. Creation of prohibition “helped” in creation of more potent alcohol, young people were exposed to harder liquors that were harmful to their health, due to the fact there was none legal labeling on the alcohol bottles. The current war on drugs had even more drastic results, government started to put more people in jail for not violent crimes, jails started to be filled with inmates that have used the drugs. The drug use policy that is enforced now and the method it uses consist of three parts; first is prevention intervention, second is treatment, and the third one enforcement interventions. The war on drugs in United States limited the tax revenue for the country, and it makes our country looks bad when to compare with other nations; US has the highest incarceration rates on this planet, even though its the country to promote
In the 1970s, cocaine resurfaced in South America from its long history as a traditional medicine, and began to generate a large income for those who processed and sold the good. Cocaine was rendered harmless by the public, thought of as a “high class drug”, and by the 1980s, nearly six million Americans were hooked on the soft white powder; it was then found to be an extremely addictive and unsafe narcotic. Because drug use and trade into America started to become a pressing issue, the United States hoped that by stopping cocaine production in Colombia, the drug abuse problem in the US would proportionally decline. Attempting to carry out this plan of action, US military teams relentlessly raided the estates and “drug processing facilities”
Many factors have played into why minorities are so overrepresented within the criminal justice and corrections system, however, I will focus on two main reasons into why this disparity has existed. The first being, the manipulation of laws by elites targeting minority communities. For example, during the 70s and 80s, drugs in America became very popular and in particular crack-cocaine became a leading drug among consumers. For Caucasians, the drug of choice was cocaine which they would snort through the nose, for African-Americans it was crack which was cocaine, however, it was cooked into a rock while cocaine is a powder substance. During this time period both drugs were popular among both races, though, there was a bigger crackdown on crack and the minority community.
2 In recent years, mandatory sentencing laws have been introduced in NSW. Alcohol related violence mandatory sentence was introduced by the NSW government On 21 January 2014. This was introduced because of the amount of one-punch hits while intoxicated. Teens such as Thomas Kelly and Daniel Christie have been killed because intoxicated people for no reason hit them. In 2011 the government passed a bill for mandatory sentence for the murder of police officers this stated life imprisonment would occur to the murderer.
The main factor in the crime scene was the reestablishment of the narcotics scene basically days after the storm hit. The reintroduction of Narcotics into a city that was practically shut down causing free reign for citizens that had criminal intentions. Unfortunately crime is usually partnered with violence and the violence rate, mostly black on black, also rose exponentially. With the rise of black on black violence after Katrina stereotypes developed which caused unwarranted speculation in cases dealing with the police department and black on black violence. Similar cases such as black on black violence and police on black violence that seem to be never ending spark anger and hate in the hearts of the African American race which has only turned into more crime and more violence.