The Criminal Justice System

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In criminal court, the government files a case against someone for committing a crime. The person accused of committing the crime is called the defendant. The government must prove that the defendant is guilty “beyond a reasonable doubt,” which is a very high standard. If the defendant is found guilty, then he or she may go to jail or prison.(Code, 1993)
Branches
There are five main components of the criminal justice system: prosecution, defense attorneys, law enforcement, courts, and corrections. These five components work together to prevent and punish deviant behavior.
Prosecution
Prosecutors are lawyers who represent the state or federal government throughout the court process-from the first appearance of the accused in court until
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They are ether hired by the defendant or (for defendants who cannot afford an attorney) they are assigned by the court. While the prosecutor represents the state, the defense attorney represents the defendant.
Law Enforcement
The law enforcement function is perhaps the most visible. Police officers are typically the first contact a criminal has with the system. Police patrol communities to help prevent crimes, investigate incidences of crime, and arrest people suspected of committing crimes. Once a person is arrested, they enter the courts system.
Courts System
The courts system consists of attorneys, judges and juries. In the courts, the guilt or innocence of the suspect is determined. After the evidence is presented and weighed, and after the suspect, now defendant, is offered the opportunity to confront his accusers, he is either released or is found to have committed the alleged crimes. If found guilty, the suspect receives a sentence, or punishment, based on criteria set by the judge and by statutes. After the defendant is sentenced, he is turned over to the corrections system.

Corrections
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It also accentuates the importance for the justice system of protecting and serving the public through crime reduction. Crime control 'values' include the notion that that those thought to be guilty may be pursued regardless of the rules that may be in place for protecting the rights of suspects. The conviction of the innocent is accepted because the ultimate goal of convicting the guilty overrides civil liberties.
The crime control model is considered to be a conservative approach to crime that focuses on protecting society from criminals by regulating criminal conduct and justice. Moreover, this model stresses strict and swift punishment for crimes; in return, this strict adherence benefits society by striking fear in criminals because they will be harshly punished. The crime control model also seeks to move criminal cases through the criminal system as quickly as possible. The goal of the model is to get the cases through the systems swiftly, even if that means expanding the powers of the courts. In fact, this model supports greater powers for prosecutors and the courts that are handling the
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