Criminal Justice Models

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In criminal court, the government files a case against someone for committing a crime. The person accused of committing the crime is called the defendant. The government must prove that the defendant is guilty “beyond a reasonable doubt,” which is a very high standard. If the defendant is found guilty, then he or she may go to jail or prison.(Code, 1993)
There are five main components of the criminal justice system: prosecution, defense attorneys, law enforcement, courts, and corrections. These five components work together to prevent and punish deviant behavior.
Prosecutors are lawyers who represent the state or federal government throughout the court process-from the first appearance of the accused in court until
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Explained below are two of the most enduring models which offer explanations as to how agencies and policies may be shaped and they can usefully be viewed as opposite ends of a continuum since they present contrasting rationale and characteristics - the Crime Control and DueProcess models.(Packer, 1964)
Crime control and due process models not only exist within certain periods of history, but they can also exist by actual practice in a criminal courtroom, through the philosophical approach based on the type of case. Before beginning assessment of the criminal justice system, it is important to comprehend how overall cases are completed through the criminal justice process of arrest, probable cause, arraignment, trial, and
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The fact that multiple offender is still on the loose despite several offences lends credence to the fact that crime control restrictions should be in place, since the accused was just a few moments away from escaping a life sentence thanks to the competence of his defense attorney, outside threat influences and the use of false witnesses.
There is abundant statistical evidence that prior criminal convictions weigh heavily in jurors’ decisions about acquittal and conviction. That same statistics suggest that jurors’ learning directly through the evidence that defendant has been convicted of prior crimes makes very little difference to conviction rates(Code, 1993).
When exploring this issue, in the second show, ‘Justice’, the roles are reversed and the defending attorney becomes the prosecutor instead. Although this reiteration of ‘redemption’ of a lawyer by switching roles from the prosecutor towards the defense attorney was more complex, it was considerably more theatrical and unlikely than its counterpart in its execution. It attempts to convey a similar message that defense attorneys are often wrongly perceived as dishonest and disloyal towards their community, by defending clients that are not considered civilized members of society. The audience would consider it a redeeming feature and was mainly included to increase the level of drama. The fact that both lawyer and client were members of African-American
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