The Crucible is a play centered around the Salem Witch Trials, which the author uses to reflect on human nature. Rev. Hale is an expert in witchcraft from Beverly, a town near Salem, and starts off by assisting the court in judging those accused. In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, Rev. Hale changes from feeling confident and justified in his beliefs to feeling uncertainty and guilt about what he has done through his manner, how he is portrayed, and his views of the trials.
Abigail blames different people but she also blames John Proctor’s wife, Elizabeth. Abigail goes to Proctor and begs for him back and also confesses to the accusations being false. Many people start going to court and confess to signing their souls over to the devil. Proctor, to save his wife’s life, tells the truth but the court does not believe him and he is hung. The Crucible does a great job in showing the prejudice and hypocrisy in real life events.
Mary was afraid of Abigail Williams and didn’t tell the truth fearing that Abigail would hurt her. While, she developed as a character and made better choices for herself. Acts 3 and 4 she attempted to help John try to accuse Abigail Williams of lying about witchcraft in the court. “I-I promise you, Mr.Danforth, I only thought I saw them but I did not’.”(Miller 100). At that point in time Mary Warren and John Proctor both tried to prove Abigail Williams and the other girls of faking it until, act 4 when she backstabbed John Proctor and made her own claim that John Proctor was satan.”You’re the devil’s man.” (Miller 110).
In The Crucible, John Proctor the protagonist, becomes a victim of the witch trials when his wife Elizabeth, is accused of witchcraft. In order to free his wife, Proctor must convince Judge Danforth of his wife’s innocence. Judge Danforth does not sign condemnations lightly and takes meticulous inspection of his cases to determine the guilty party. He is also a highly religious man who takes matters between God and men seriously. It is because of Danforth’s dedication to the law and God that Proctor utilizes ethos, logos, and pathos to persuade him.
It is a necessity to possess this characteristic. This characteristic not only shows how you understand your job and how to help bring criminals to justice, but simply to show that you are not conceited and that you truly care about the case and the people affiliated. Thomas Danforth however, only cares about himself and his own reputation. We can see this in the play when he shows that he doesn’t mind convicting anyone to participating in witchcraft. He wants to show the villagers and other towns that he “can and did” put an end to the Salem witch trials.
Power Fabricricating Fear Power, the ability to maintain control, command, or authority over others can often be determined by one’s reputation and their ability to persuade others. This principle is displayed within The Crucible, a play written by Arthur Miller, which follows the town of Salem, Massachusetts navigating through a “Witchcraft” outbreak supposedly lead by the Devil. Within such a theocratic society such as Salem, the Devil is often associated with death, fear, and uncertainty, with his name alone often believed to influence others into following through with certain actions. The Devil, as a key figure behind the immense “witchcraft” occurring in Salem, is crafted by Miller as the most influential “character” based off the fear
So when an opportunity to get rid of Elizabeth comes up in the form of power to accuse people of witchcraft, Abigail jumps at the chance. John sees Abigail’s intentions and portrays this when he says “she thinks to dance with me on my wife’s grave,” in a confession to Judge Danforth about his relationship with Abigail (Miller, 110). Not only did Abigail want John Proctor all to herself, but also she was concerned about people finding out what she actually was doing in the woods with Tituba and the other girls. It is revealed early on in the play that Abigail cares about her reputation, for example, when she was concerned that Elizabeth was “blackening [her] name in the village” (Miller, 23). If people found out Abigail were trying to put a hex on Elizabeth Proctor in the woods, then sooner or later the truth about John and
The Crucible is written by Arthur Miller, and it is a religious play of revenge, hatred, jealousy and witchcraft. This play takes place in a town called Salem, where people are very sensitive to sin and applaud death as an accurate punishment based on the amount of sins one person contains. By applying the psychological lens to the two characters Abigail and Elizabeth, differences of personality take more value than similarities. Causing opposite effects to the people around them, where one harms and other helps. Both are able to achieve the love of John Proctor through their own ways.
However, throughout the play, he is able to prove the audience wrong. Firstly, when Proctor is arrested, he decides to confess to practicing witchcraft. He does this because he believes it could end the trials in Salem, which could save many innocent lives of others who have been accused. Proctor tells this to his wife, saying, “I have been thinking I will confess to them, Elizabeth.” (Miller, 135). This decision is then backed up by Reverend Parris, who says that Proctor’s name on the list of confessions could convince the town to stop accusing one another.
The most notable martyr, though, is John Proctor. Throughout The Crucible we witness Proctor’s personality and character change for the better because he chooses to follow his core beliefs. Proctor is put in a very difficult situation. He is accused of practicing witchcraft, and though the evidence given was false, he has to choose one of two options- admit to practicing witchcraft or fight for his beliefs and keep his reputation from being tainted. Proctor chooses the second option as he believes that is right thing to do.
As the play moves forward, Proctor tries to protect his wife and tell the truth that the girls are lying. Proctor knows that Elizabeth is innocent. Act III is the time where Proctor is put into a difficult position that he must face. He must confess in order to save his wife, and in order for him to do that he must confess he had an affair with Abigail. We see that Proctor is able to confess to the court, but the judges still believe in the girls hysteria.
In Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible, many characters change throughout the story. One that stands out is Reverend John Hale. In the beginning he believes the false accusations of Abigail and the other girls. After listening to John Proctor and Mary Warren he realizes their story is more believable. It broke him to know that he was at fault for 19 innocent deaths.