It all started with Abigail and Betty lying to stay out of trouble. Then, Tituba and the girls accused innocent people of witchcraft because they could. Finally, John Proctor takes pride in his faith and honor and is hanged for not signing his name to a lie. Every decision made in Salem after the witch hunts started depended on truth versus lies because if they told the truth, they would die and if the lied they would live. This essay proves the development of the theme truth versus lies in the crucible by stating three major events in the play where truth versus lies depends on what the results are.
(...) Elizabeth I have confessed it! Elizabeth: Oh, God (...) Proctor: She only thought to save my name” (miller 113) In the scene Danforth asks Elizabeth is john had ever committed adultery. Elizabeth lied to the court that John was not a lecher, when she clearly knew he was a lecher. This lie was Elizabeth’s first lie and it was to save her husband's name. She said it “faintly” as if she felt bad for] but still said it to save her husband.
At that point in time Mary Warren and John Proctor both tried to prove Abigail Williams and the other girls of faking it until, act 4 when she backstabbed John Proctor and made her own claim that John Proctor was satan.”You’re the devil’s man.” (Miller 110). Mary knows what Abigail was always a threat and being on her side was an advantage, John Proctor was foolish for thinking Mary would keep her word and tell on the girls. He out of all people should know how powerful Abigail
Both he and she know that there is only one good answer to that question, the women just gave the man permission to lie to her. Meyer said “lying is an attempt to connect are wishes and our fantasies on who we are with we were and how we wish we could be with what we're really like” meaning, we lie to pretend to be someone we aren't. Then Meyer answered the question of when do we lie? A person can be lied to
Thirdly, throughout the play Judge Danforth is gullible to Abigail’s manipulations and lies. One of the instance where Danforth’s gullibility towards Abigail is shown is when Abigail blatantly accuses Reverend Hale’s wife to be in alliance with Lucifer (The Crucible) to which he replies that “it is not possible for a minister’s wife to be associated with the devil” (the crucible). Here Abigail is proven wrong by Judge Danforth because he is certain that a minister’s family can never be approached by the devil as per the commandments. Despite this, he chooses to believe that Abigail has probably mistaken to identify the woman associated with Lucifer. This shows that he totally believes in Abigail and that, all her previous accusations are valid.
This is evidence of Abigail being manipulative because it made Mary start to question whether telling the truth was worth it or not. Mary eventually gave up hope and switched sides, accusing John Proctor of being the Devil’s man. Being manipulative is not a characteristic of a good hearted
Elizabeth Proctor Elizabeth Proctor in Act three, was call to court to testify the affair between John Proctor and Abigail Williams. Her severe test was to say the truth or deny it. Elizabeth deny it the affair, she want to save John reputacion, then she lie about it. She didn’t know that John confest already. Instead of save John he got more in trouble.
Although Proctor is incriminating himself, he is trying to reveal Abigail’s true character and motives to Danforth. Finally, pathos is effective at convincing Danforth Abigail’s accusations are lies because Proctor’s emotions are raw and unadulterated, so much that “Danforth seems unsteady” (Miller 111). Danforth believed Abigail was a redeemed sinner being used by God to indicate those still in the dark, but now Proctor has shed all propriety and revealed the true Abigail. Pathos is so effective here because it is what Abigail used to convince the court. During court, Mary said she heard “the other girls screaming” and that Danforth “seemed to believe them” so she followed suit (Miller 107).
The judge in the novel states that adultery is a serious crime with serious punishments and tries to get John Proctor's wife to admit he committed adultery by asking why she dismissed Abigail from her service. John admits to the crime of adultery to try to prove that Abigail is a liar, and all those people she accused of witchcraft are actually innocent. The judge asks John's wife if he is an adulterer, but she says he is not to protect him because she does not know he has confessed. Even before the Salem witch trials officially started, John told Abigail that he does not love her and that they can not see each other ever again, she still tries to prove to him that he loves her, and she loves him. Abigail also repeatedly tempts John to sleep with her even though he is still married.
Abigail Williams made this pretends to convince Danforth that Mary Warren was lying. Abigail was doing this to prove same way that she was the victim and the Mary was lying. #9. “ I have made a bell of my honor! I have ring the doom of my good name.” ( Proctor) Proctor said this to Danforth to prove that Abigail Williams is lying.
The Popish cruelties were a shocking eye opener to how people with power can hurt people just because they have a following. They would persecuted until they choose baptism or death, even if they converted the separation was still there. They would torture them by burning the accused, especially if believed to promote protestant faith. Many of the affected were muslims and jews because of their different religious views, that were killed unless converting. The hostility only grew higher especially in England until the law did not allow the torture of them as long as religious beliefs did not affect the throne.
By signing those death warrants without questioning whether the proof is so immaculate no slightest qualm of conscience may doubt it (Act 3, p81), I also signed away my common sense. Do you believe these people are truly guilty of the crime of which they have been accused? Abigail, the girl who you believe to be God’s finger absconded with Mr Parris’ money. Would God choose someone who committed harlotry and someone who broke the commandment Thou shalt not steal (p136)? Excellency, surely her claims and this trial deserve to be re-examined.