Different types of irony within The Crucible The Crucible contains several examples of situational, verbal, and dramatic irony. Arthur Miller uses irony in many ways, his reason for using irony is to catch and keep the reader’s attention. For example he uses dramatic irony to create anxiety and tension within the story. Many other authors use irony to make their audience think about what is being said as well as what is going on in the story.
Situational irony is created in the text through Proctor reciting “ thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image… You have said that twice, sir… Adultery, John”(Miller.II.12.). This is an example of Situational Irony because the only commandment Proctor couldn’t remember is the one he broke. Proctor’s inability to remember his commandments causes the community to question his faithfulness to his religion and in return creates conflict later in the trials when people question his judgment and accuse him of witchcraft.
After Proctor tears up his false confession, he is sentenced to death by hanging. This does not sit right with Reverend Hale, a reverend brought in to analyze if there was witchcraft in Salem. He tries to tell Proctor’s wife to stop him from doing this as he clearly sees that John never committed witchcraft, and he wants to save an innocent man. Elizabeth argues that he made this decision for himself, and it is the decision that he wanted to make: “He have his goodness now. God forbid I take it from him!”
The second most used type of irony used to relate to Jim Nightshade is situational irony. This type of irony is seen when it says “The boys stood alone among the encampments.” (Bradbury71), “so vanished the real army of people.” (71), and “warm food in bright rooms.” (71). Bradbury depicts situational irony by showing how the boys are still young and should be at home safe, but since they know about the carnival and Tom Fury, they are out late trying to be heroes. Ray Bradbury does this to portray the unbelievable courage and the length these two boys will go to protect their loved ones and the people in their town from the evils of the
If people had used evidence instead of just accusations then they would have realized that Mr.Jacobs isn’t a witch, just a person accused for Thomas Putnam's own personal gain. Thomas Putnam's anger toward the town for not getting enough respect is what caused him to accuse an innocent man of witchcraft, demonstrating how emotions can lead to immoral
John tells the truth but Elizabeth lies to protect him which is ironic because He told the court she would never lie. John refuses to sign the confession to protect his family name and the people that look up to him, this event helps dramatize the play. Finally, Elizabeth living to the court and John not signing the confession lead to his death which dramatizes the play because of the death of the protagonist. Throughout the play I explained how this ironic event in the play dramatizes the
While also in the court room Elizabeth told John about the ending to Giles tough trial, she said, “He were not hanged. He would not answer ay or nay to his indictment; for if he denied the charge they’d hang him surely, and auction out his property. So he stand mute, and died a Christian under the law. And so his sons will have his farm (Miller 84).” Giles Corey is an old, wise, and strong man in Salem.
Irony is defined as the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite. In the short story, “The Story of an Hour,” there are several examples of irony. In fact, the title itself is ironic in that so many unexpected accounts happen in the life of Louise Mallard in the small amount of sixty minutes. Irony usually contains an incongruity. Therefore, the most conspicuous example of situational irony is in when Bently Mallard was believed to be dead and Louise Mallard had come alive with life.
Danforth only sees truth and power through the law and is the determining factor that stands between a defendent and their innocense. This power gives Danforth such a high power in this town that he was not able to convert to judging through his conscience and own opinion. This can be shown in Act four when there was possible signs that the girls were pretending and he still chooses to proceed with the mornings hangings because it would be against the law and not fair to others if he did it any other way (125). Miller’s protagonist was John proctor, who is the best example in the play as power over self. In Act Four Proctor was questioned about other accused people when he tried to confess.
Judge Danforth’s unwavering egotism culminates in the unfortunate deaths of Salem townsfolk. Arthur Miller’s classic play The Crucible demonstrates how the actions of one person can affect many others. Judge Danforth cares more about his own reputation than what is right. Often times people try to think of what is right instead of saving their own face, Judge Danforth is an exception to this stereotype. The Salem Witch Trials were a horrible time where many people lost their lives due to an unjust court system.
He is presented as a harsh and domineering judge, apparently conflated with William Stoughton, who is not even named in Miller’s play. In reality, Danforth is recorded as being critical of the conducts of the trials, and played a role in bringing them to an
This hysteria becomes fueled by the opportunism in people like Abigail, and the willingness to remove any person who might pose a threat to the state in the form of swift prosecution and even execution. Miller highlights this edge of the hysteria, revealing in the second act that “the Deputy Governor promise hangin’ if they’ll not confess… and if they howl and scream and fall to the floor- the person’s clapped in the jail (Miller 56).” He also speaks of the fear in the state of a perceived enemy in the people, particularly through Judge Danforth. In the final moments of the play, Danforth refuses to appeal his decisions under overwhelming evidence, remarking that “postponements now speaks a floundering on my part; reprieve or pardon must cast doubt.” The hysteria of the people fuels a state which senses a waning power, and the state acquiesces to the hysteria.
In our society, many people rely on the power of law and justice in order to protect themselves. Some powerful men abuse and misuse their power which brings many unfairnesses and tragedies. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, Judge Danforth is a deputy governor of the state, and he is also the judge for the witchcraft trail. Judge Danforth represents the authority and supremacy in the entire play. Throughout the play, Danforth’s tyrannous and stubborn personality caused many wrong decisions that he made in the court.