during that two years the DR was having economic and turmoil issues (The Dominican Republic, Trujillo Regime, and overthrow of Juan Bosch). In 1965 supporters from the military started an outbreak in the capital. They wanted Bosch back in power immediately. Bosch got warned not to come back to the DR. in 1966 he came back to the DR, but lost to Joaquin Balaguer (Paul Lewis). Joaquin was also an allie of Trujillo.
In 1868 the Cubans began an uprising that was put down ten years later, The Cubans rose back up again in 1895 to rebel against the Spanish. They had rebelled to become independent, but Spain began a policy of reconcentration. They also ended up killing about 200,000 Cubans and the Spanish goes to war with the U.S.. but then the U.S. got involved and many Americans were sympathetic to the Cuban rebels. They called on the U.S. government to intervene to oust the Spanish. They also wanted to safeguard American investments in Cuba.
Compared to the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro, Lumumba’s actions and motives continued to be questioned. Given the rise of the hostile relationship with the United Nations, Lumumba also had to be eliminated. The United States, was heavily involved with the plot to kill the strong African leader. U.S. intervention in the Congo crisis and its plight in the assassination, was an unprecedented projection of American power (Mountz, 152). U.S. President Eisenhower’s supported a plot to kill the charismatic African leader.
After defeating Spain in the Spanish-American War, the U.S. took over Cuba until the early 1900’s. But the Cuban constitution contained a law that gave the U.S. their right to step in with any chance of political turbulence. After a fiercely opposed presidential election in Cuba in 1906 led to civil war within the country, U.S. troops put into place a military government. During the three-year occupation, the manifestation of baseball increased. Baseball in Cuba was strictly segregated by race and class.
After that, convinced that Arbenz threatened U.S. national security because of his alleged Communist sympathies, Eisenhower approved the first-ever clandestine military action in Latin America. June 18, 1954, after approximately one year of preparation, U.S.- backed troops invaded Guatemala with the intention of overthrowing Arbenz. Realizing his army had forsaken him and fearing for his life, Arbenz resigned as president on June 27th and fled to Mexico. The U.S.-chosen leader of the military coup, Carlos Castillo Armas, assumed control of the government, thus ensuring the promotion of American interests in Guatemala.
After a year's imprisonment, he traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement, with his brother Raúl Castro and Che Guevara. Returning to Cuba, Castro took a key role in the Cuban Revolution by leading the Movement in a guerrilla war against Batista's forces from the Sierra Maestra. After Batista's overthrow in 1959, Castro assumed military and political power as Cuba's Prime Minister. Fidel Castro’s political style emphasised active engagement and self-discipline. He believed that individuals can overcome any obstacle they desire if they have a strong will to do so and that revolution is the important mission worth pursuing.
targeted third world Latin countries in defense of the communist threat. The communist threat, thus became a gateway in which the U.S. used to intervene in countries that offered resources and cheap labor. In 1960 the Guatemalan Civil War erupted after the U.S. military intervened in fighting against Guatemalan peasants and Mayan descents who were fighting for basic human rights in a corrupt government. Furthermore, in 1979 the Salvadorian civil war broke out as a result of a communist conversion by left wing guerilla groups against a corrupted government. In addition, the U.S. contributed to the civil war by providing the Salvadoran military with weapons and arsenal, thus increasing the violence in the country and prolonging the war.
Fidel Castro: Animal Farm Antics In 1952, Fulgencio Batista overthrew the Cuban government and became a dictator. Fidel Castro then organized a group of rebel forces and defeated Batista in 1959. Castro was then elected by common city dwellers as the undisputed prime minister of Cuba. Later on, he became president through several techniques used to gain and maintain his rule. Therefore, Fidel Castro is similar to Napoleon from Animal Farm because both use lies, censorship, and police terror to gain and maintain control.
The Bay of Pigs Operation The Bay of Pigs Operation is the U.S. final measure in preventing the spread of communism into the western hemisphere. For years the CIA and other intelligence agencies have taken interest in Cuba, following the overthrow of U.S. backed Cuban Leader Fulgencio Batista by rebel leader Fidel Castro. The initial proposal of the operation is to outgoing President Eisenhower towards the end of his administration. President Eisenhower approves of the initial plan to overthrow the newly formed Castro regime. President Kennedy approves the final plan early in his administration.
Sing. Edmund Wilson (1965) rightly explores the American psyche of the period when he says, “What is most valid in To Have and Have Not is the idea that in an atmosphere (here revolutionary Cuba) in which man has been set against man, in which it is always a question whether your companion is not preparing to cut your throat, the most sturdy and strong and straight forward American will turn suspicious and cruel” (187). It is quite obvious that the behavior of people is conditioned by political and economic upheaval which in turn creates tension in social