The Cult Of The Sacred Heart Analysis

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The American Civil War (1961-1865) was a major transformable event in American history. By the end of the war, the question of slavery was resolved with the passage of the Thirteenth, the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth Amendments. Although, rights were guaranteed for African Americans after the war, the constitutional amendments were no longer practically enforced following the Reconstruction Period. Throughout this period from the late nineteenth to the early twentieth century, the white political elites in the South regained their power by constructing Confederate monuments and memorials to promote a certain historical narrative. This was evident with the actions of Confederate organizations who promoted the lost cause narrative. This is defined…show more content…
Similar to Emilie Durkheim and Maurice Halbwachs, Harvey was interested in the tensions of the French society following the humiliating defeat of the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). Throughout Harvey’s research, the author was interested not only in the political ramifications, but also looking at class conflict over the Basilica. Specifically, the division between the Communards (socialist radicals) located heavily in the Paris working class and the conservative royalist faction, the Cult of the Sacred Heart. The Cult of the Sacred Heart was a sect within the Catholic church advocating for repentance to Christ and mysticism (Harvey 1979, 364). Moreover, the Cult of the Sacred Heart was closely connected to the nobility of the Ancien Regime. As a consequence, the Catholic sect acts as an opposition towards the advancement of the French Revolution and the progressive ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity (Harvey 1979, 365). Following the outcome of the Franco Prussian War, the French Second Empire collapsed, further exacerbating the already tensions between the French Communards in Paris (suburbs) and the Conservative Royalist faction located predominately in rural France (Harvey 1979, 368). Once peace negotiations were finalized with the Prussians, the city of Paris was in struggle between socialist radicals and royalist conservatives. This was evident in March of 1871, where on top of Mont Butte Montmartre (the later location of the basilica) the French Communards executed two French Generals Lecomte and Thomas that not only spark the French Communards rebellion against the National Army, but also gave the conservative faction matarys to advance their cause (Harvey 1979, 370). Similarly, the location where the beginning of the Communards uprising began, it was
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