The goals for Austrias revolution was based on nationalist ideas such as the want for more independence and the splitting up of the Austrian Empire. Austria wanted to get rid of their leader, Metternich, because he was the one who had been working for years to hold the empire together. Some of Austrias revolution was caused by the revolutions in France at the time. In effort to force Metternich out of power, revolts were happening in Vienna. The fighting in Vienna was mainly between Austria and France.
The most damaging thing Frederik II did the to the church was his attempt at controlling the papacy. After the death of Pope Gregory IX, Frederik’s enemy, Frederik attempted to arrange for the election of a pope who would more readily accede to Frederik’s wishes. Frederik tried to accomplish this through striking aggression. “To intimidate the cardinals, Frederick had brought an army to within sight of the walls of Rome” (Paris, 297), and he also “detained two
Dissatisfaction with the Legislative Assembly prompted the sans-culottes and Revolutionaries to take part in the September Massacres because they wanted “immediate measures to defeat the counterrevolution” (Popkin, Short History of the French Revolution, p.59). In France, “the waves of violence, the social unrest, and the periods of power vacuum created an atmosphere of anxiety and ambiguity that were particularly conductive to the spread of rumours” (Tackett, Rumour and Revolution, p. 58). Rumours that the “key fortress of Verdun was about to surrender” (Popkin, Short History of the French Revolution, p. 59) is another factor that prompted the sans-culottes to take actions against those who are and who may be counterrevolutionaries. The violent actions of the sans-culottes put pressure on the National Convention and the Committee of Public Safety to respond to the sans-culottes
The French Revolution was an example of how culture brings revolutions; that they are made and do not simple come. This can clearly be seen in the counterrevolution that followed the removal of the King and the creation of the French Republic. De-Christianization fueled the counterrevolution by alienating the provinces of France. This shows how important it is to have a sense of inclusion, symbolism, and volunteerism for an efficient revolution. Religion is one of the few things that can transect class, economic status, race, and gender; It connects those who belong to the same faith.
This comparison is shown due to the differences in Ideals between the Allied and Axis powers as the differences between the two sisters. The symbol of Creon’s attack can also be seen as the Germans taking over France and imposing their ideals on them and the resistance which is represented by Antigone does not feel or in the French resistances case does not recognize or follow the Nazi government in southern France’s ideas and actions (Gildea,
Charles I son of James VI of Scotland tries to enforce the Divine Right of Kings but faces opposition from Parliament this begins the English Civil war. Charles I then makes several mistakes including marrying Henrietta of France, who was a Catholic yet England was Protestant. All mistakes have consequences and King Charles first consequence was a strained and wounded marriage to his wife Henrietta. Charles often got into trouble, and one of the times was when he tried to impose a new prayer book in Scotland. This angered the Scots and they went to War against England.
Focused on Rome’s corruption, where prostitutes selling sex on the filthy streets, priests who made waste of their duties, rushing through mass, so fast that it seemed ungenuine, and openly disrespecting church doctrine. Anyway, Luther finally found his answer in St.Paul’s epistles, specifically in one line, “ the just shall live by faith” (Bainton 65). In the other words, salvation comes through faith, not heroic deeds, prayer, or vigils. We can only have faith. So Martin Luther’s new interpretation grew into a full- grown conflict with the Catholic Church when a friar named John Tetzel came to Wittenberg, selling indulgences.
1) Challenges against the newly-formed Third Republic, started right after its foundation. Although overwhelming defeat against Prussia after the Franco-Prussian War in 1880-81 was the Second Empire’s fault, peace deal signed between the Third Republic and Prussia. Republic, even from its very beginning, lost significant prestige and France’s “grandeur” (greatness) in the eyes of her rivals both inside and outside. On the one hand, monarchist, which hold the majority in parliament expects the humiliation of the Republic and republicans in order to proclaim a new system and the third empire, on the other hand, Unification of the German Empire created a vital threat not just the French influence in Europe also French sovereignty itself. In addition
The abolition and suffrage movements were prominent issues during the time of Hawthorne and influenced him to write The Scarlet Letter as a possible warning or solution to the conflict between radicals and conservatives. Hawthorne describes slavery as, “one of those evils which divine Providence does not leave to be remedied by human contrivances.” Hawthorne believed slavery and the subordination of women was wrong and sympathized with those affected. Literary historians believe his sympathy for radicals fighting against social order developed from his unfair treatment in “The Custom House.” However, Hawthorne also believed abolitionists and feminists were too radical and that it was best to continue being subordinate to
The period before the outbreak of the Civil War was one of the most tense in American history. As the Civil War began, African Americans in the North were largely excluded from the military. Only a few black regiments took shape in the some of the Union-occupied areas of the Confederacy. When Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation black enlistment increased rapidly and the Union military began to recruit Buffalo Soldiers (African Americans) soldiers and sailors. After 1863 the Buffalo soldier would play a crucial role in the Union’s victory over the Confederacy.