It is true that originally the Muslims and felt that they had snatched the sub-continent from them. They had therefore, treated the Muslims with undue severity. The annexation of Sindh and Oudh, the utterly humiliating position of the last emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, who lived on a small pension rankled in the minds of all Muslims. The Hindus
But, tension and clashes do not mean antagonism. The British indeed took advantage of the fissures that were already present in the Indian society and attempted to create antagonism. During the British colonial rule, religion was never the only reason for the communal issues in India or the tensions between Hindus and Muslims, but also, favouritism and communal elections and economic status, which were in a way or another aggravated by the British. We can say that there is indeed some truth in what Sir S.A Khan said. Hindus and Muslims could not sit on the same throne at that time but they would the least want the British to sit on the throne and rule over
Washbrook states that the mutiny changed the forms of governing and sovereignty in Colonial India. Until the mutiny, the British left “the status of their government in India on a curious theoretical footing, which cloaked effective practice behind convenient fictions.” The changes also psychologically impacted on the British until World War I. The British lost its control over the central Ganges Valley that caused an immense shock on the imperial system, which in turn led to the revaluation of its mission in India. The British restructured the military organization of both the British and the Indian armies as well. Under the recommendation of the Peel Commission, a special Parliamentary Committee charged to review the status of the Indian army, the British army decided a 1:2 ratio of British to Indian soldiers in Bengal.
While the Mughal empire was collapsing (the last seat of power before the British came) The East India Company came Hailing from the great British empire to seek out India’s potential and profit. After the sepoy rebellion in 1857 the British government came at the beck and call of the company to take over. India was no longer a trade partner, it was now a colonie. The British government made the political piece of their rule as efficient as possible, dividing the country against each other
Millions of Indians suffered the consequences of the partition between India and Pakistan, which included physical strains as well mental strains. Many were slaughtered, raped, and evicted from their homes as a result of this agreement. The victims ranged from young to old, man to woman, Hindu to Muslim, as violence doesn't discriminate. Although the partition into India and Pakistan was meant to keep the peace, it has created much conflict and violence. An instance of this appalling brutality was the chaos erupting in cities and migration routes after the full extent of the partition was made public.
The British and their East India Company came to India, motivated by political, economic, and social interests. They desired land, raw materials, money, and control. This left the Indians in starvation and poverty, fighting for the independence of their people. British rule served the English with a government designed to control Indians, taxing them when they were dying from famine caused by British economic cash crop policies, leaving remaining Indians illiterate, and never giving them a chance to benefit from trade links. British imperialism had a negative impact on the politics of India because the British taxed Indians even when they were starving, as well as established a government with an army, police force, and justice system
Islam was not intended for a particular social or ethnic group, so anyone could join the religion to become a believer. As seen before with Assyrian and Persian empires, “You catch more bees with honey than vinegar.” The difference between the Assyrian’s heavy, militaristic rule and the compassion of the Persians led to Persia surviving longer. The empire’s system of conquering and not forcing Islam on residents made them a more attractive kingdom to be ruled under. Because of this the caliphate expanded and the rule eventually turned from the Umayyads to the Abbasids. With the Abbasids came economic prosperity.
Afterwards, WWII will be topic of this summary, as it was the crucial turning point in the fight for independence. In the end, I would like to draw a conclusion and answer the central question. The British Rule The British Rule over the Indian subcontinent, also known as “the Raj“, lasted from 1858 to 1947. During this period of time, India was part of the British Empire and considered as “the jewel in the crown”. It brought immense wealth to Great Britain
With the end of the World War I, the British Raj in India fell into crisis. The political situation of India was in constant disturbance. Because of the war a number of reforms were carried out in India which became one of the major reasons of colonial crisis in India. This paper will discuss what impact different reforms of the British Raj had on the politics of India, how the arrival of Gandhi changed the political scenario in India, how the Muslim league was affecting politics, and how these factors lead to the catastrophic partition of the sub-continent. Since the beginning of the Raj, the British imposed various reforms on the Indian population which continued to happen till the end of the colonial rule.