What are two Greek city-states that you know? I know two popular city-states of Ancient Greece: Sparta and Athens. Sparta and Athens are known as city-state with many contrasting beliefs. Sparta was a strict military society while Athens was a free democracy. Sparta prohibited any new ideas while Athens accepted it.
Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
The Greeks were amazing builders but Romans could take the Greek influence and build even more with their knowledge and skills. As the Greeks the Romans built extravagant temples for the gods. The buildings are built with grandiose pillars. The exceptional use of the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders through Rome is the most noticeable examples from the Greeks. However, the Corinthian order was the most prevalent in Roman architecture.
As many modern historians agree that the Periclean Age of 480 BC to 404 BC championed Athen’s democratic, economic and cultural empire unlike any other period, Pericles contribution was so significant to the extent where, the Periclean Age was identified as Athen’s Golden Age. Through his democratic reforms and policies, Pericles successfully completed the steps towards a “true” democracy and extended wealth, power and cultural influence of the Athenian empire unlike any other politician in Athenian history. Whilst he did not single-handedly delivered Athens into its Golden Age, Pericles’ beneficial reforms and policies provoked and motivated the Athenians to labor towards an ideal Athens. Without Pericles, Athens would have no one as wise
Introduction: The Two Buildings; Parthenon in Athens and Pantheon in Rome are both classical heritage of the former world powers. Both buildings were temple built and dedicated to the gods of Athens and Romans. The excellent strength and the durability of these temples are unimaginable. Going by the length of time that these buildings have been in existence, one cannot but admires the brilliance of the ancient Greek and Roman architects for such excellent edifices that have outlived many generations, and yet remain a symbol of ancient Greek and Roman history.
These two kings were obviously very influential in their respective kingdoms, with King Hammurabi being the King of Babylon and King Gilgamesh being the King of Uruk. Gilgamesh is apparently an earlier ruler than Hammurabi, but they both had done magnificent accomplishments for their respective kingdoms while they were in power. It is interesting, though, that the biography of Hammurabi portrays Hammurabi as one of the greatest rulers of the ancient times with very positive reviews from its people. However, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, many of Uruk’s residents wanted Gilgamesh to leave them alone, that he wasn’t being a very good king, and that the city-state would be better off without his oppressive and tyrannical rule. And so, we can see that
After the base of the Delian League was transferred to Athens, Pericles eventually changed the movement to become the Athenian Empire. Because the Athenian Empire grew stronger, this encouraged war and unfortunately lead to the end of the empire after the Peloponnesian War. Although the Athenian Empire itself didn’t last a long times, projects and reforms during the time did. On
Aside from this, that is about the only thing Sparta had going for them. Meanwhile, Athens was busy focusing on creating democracy and making famous literary works, like it was no big deal. Sparta, not so much, they just wanted strong jocks. After a reviewing a few elements of Athenian culture, it is clear to see Athens was clearly better than Sparta.
The Assyrian empire and the Persian empire were two of the earliest major empires in the world. The Assyrians came in to power first, ruling from 900 BC to about 600 BC and with the help of Cyrus the Great, the Persians rose to power around 550BC. The Assyrian and Persian militaries shared many similarities, but they also differed in some aspects. Some of their similarities include their battle tactics, the organization of their armies, and their success in conquering societies. One of the major differences that stood out the most was that the Assyrians used a more brutal approach when conquering and the Persians used a more enlighten approach and were more tolerant.
However, in (insert date), something close to a miracle occurred. The long and bitter rivalry between these city-states ceased for a time and became united. What caused this change? The arrival and threat of a huge empire called Persia. Persia extended from the eastern border of Greece to the eastern border of the present day Middle East.
Athens organized a group of Greek city states into the Delian League and eventually lead and dominated all of the city states in the League. Athens’s military prowess allowed them to look down on the other members of the League and treat them as members of an empire instead of equals. This caused some to view them with hostility which sparked the conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lead to the Peloponnesian War. The direct democracy of Athens wasn’t actually as inclusive and steady as the statement at Pericles 's funeral state, “Our Constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people (Doc C).” In fact, of the 450,000 citizens of Athens in 430 BC, only about 40,000 people had the power to vote.
The Persian War impacted Greece through their military. With the Persian Wars, the many city-states of Greece decided to unite to create the Hellenic League. Sparta was chosen to lead the Hellenic League because of their excellence in military forces. With more money being put into their military, Greece was more successful in the battlefield. The Greeks ended up winning the war thanks to their excellent military tactics, armor and weapons.