Originally from Austria, Sigmund Freud was a trained neurologist who was particularly interested in the human psyche. Over many years, Freud developed a theory to explain human behavior, what we refer to now as “Freudian Psychology.” First, he divided the mind into three levels, and used the analogy of an iceberg to help others understand it. On the surface, Freud identified the Conscious. It is here that most of our decision making and ideas are processed.
Paraphilia is a condition in which a person’s sexual arousal and gratification depend on fantasizing about and engaging in sexual behavior that is a typical and extreme. When it comes to paraphilia, it becomes a broad topic for which it can be broken down to several sexual disorders. In the eyes of many experts the most commonly diagnosed with sexual disorders are men, but recent research has shown the increase of women falling under this umbrella. Women and paraphilia are rare and basically almost non-existent to the public eye. During a case series made by Paul Fedoroff, Alija Fishell, and Beverley Fedoroff, fourteen women were compared to 118 men who were presumed to have a paraphilic sexual disorder.
PSY 108 - Psychology Unit 5 Assignment Explain the ways in which culture and gender contribute to sexual behavior and expectations about that behavior. 75 Points Grading Rubric: Required Discussion Elements Point Value Thorough explanation of ways culture contributes to sexual behavior and expectations 20 Thorough explanation of ways gender contributes to sexual behavior and expectations 20 Proper citation of the material. 15 No spelling or grammar errors.
Elizabeth Amburgey Adkins (859) 585-5891 firstname.lastname@example.org Intercourse Discourse: A Rhetorical Analysis of Alfred Kinsey’s Sex Research Introduction The topic of sex often makes people feel uncomfortable. The idea that ‘what happens in the bedroom stays in the bedroom’ remains a popular mantra among many, even in today’s hyper-sexed culture.
Psychoanalysis is a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud developed some methods to use in his session with his patients. His methods included free association and transference, thus establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud used free association is used as
One common recreational activity that is programmed to promote “happiness”, and is encouraged at a very young age, is sexual promiscuity. When humans in the “New World Society” are children, they are kept in a different type of school than children are today. A school where they are conditioned to act like their social class, learn their job, and to be raised; since there are no such things as families. Children would “discover each other” at “recess” through erotic foreplay. “‘The nurse shrugged her shoulders.
Paraphilias are sexual activities that are practiced by a small percentage of people, in which most members of a given culture would consider abnormal, deviant, or pathological. I initially thought I knew a lot about this topic, but since my background knowledge comes from an endless number of “Law & Order: Special Victim Unit” episodes, it’s safe to say I was caught up in the cinematic ideal of the subject and I learned a lot more than I thought I would. Reading through this chapter a widespread flood of emotions came across me as I read about the different behaviors and types of paraphilia; I felt confused, both judgmental and understanding at the same time, shocked, etc. In the beginning I thought paraphilia appeared to be very subjective.
Although these instances can be seen as the individuals that suffer from paraphilia and the ones that suffer from sexual sadism disorder, one must understand the forms of treating them to inhibit the symptoms and the disorder as a whole. For individuals suffering from paraphilia, such as Chris Brown’s inappropriate actions towards Rihanna, can be prevented in a multitude of ways. Most cases of this form of sexual disorder can be treated with counseling as well as therapy to aid in the person’s adjustment of his/her conduct. Medications can also aid in the inhibition/decrease in their neurotic intentions associated with the disorder and diminish the amount of deviant sexual thoughts and desires. On occasion, the individual’s hormones can be
1. Paraphilic Disorders: Characterized by recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors that generally involve (1) abnormal targets of sexual attraction (e.g., shoes, children), (2) unusual courtship behaviors (e.g., watching others undress without their knowledge, or exposing oneself to others without their wishes), or (3) the desire for pain and suffering of oneself or others. 2. Fetishism: The individual has recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges, and behaviors involving the use of some inanimate object or a part of the body not typically found erotic (e.g., feet) to obtain sexual gratification.
Early sexologists and psychologists were pioneers in the field of analyzing the erotic life, whose work among other things, made three main contributions that still shape a modern understanding of the erotic. The first of them being the claim that sexuality is innate and “essentially a matter of biology and physiology” (Seidman 3). In effect, making it an unquestionable truth, apart of the body as much as a limb or internal organ and above social critique as it was placed as a naturalized truth. Second of them stemming from Freud, the first to separate sexuality and eroticism, noting the many bodily pleasures exists for our enjoyment. “Moreover, humans get pleasure not only from sexual intercourse but also kissing, touching, caressing, looking,
Lastly, the final reading, Freud demonstrates the definition for
Greenberg (1986) believes Freud’s case studies do not place enough stress on revealing the outcome of the treatment and that Freud’s aim was more to illustrate his theoretical points (p.240). In cases, Greenberg asserts that many of the presented cases would not even be considered acceptable examples of psychoanalysis and, in short, that virtually all of the cases studies had basic shortcomings (p.240). Furthermore, many other powerful criticisms about Freud inaccurate and subsequently flawed evidence have been published. These critics contend that Freud’s evidence is flawed due to the lack of an experiment, the lack of a control group, and the lack of observations that went unrecorded (Colby, 1960, p.54).
Sigmund Freud is Psychology’s most famous psychoanalysis. His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. There are three aspects to Freud’s theory of personality structure and fives stages through the psychosexual development. The psyche