One is anti-war movement that condemns war and protests the destructions to human civilization and the environment caused by nuclear war and chemical weapons. The other is the New Left Movement that strongly attacks modern technology and industry for them not only destroying the natural environment but also destroy human’s body and soul. In the play, the protagonist，George, 46, an associate professor in
In this fiction author is more about to say that humankind intervention in nature is the reason for the natural world disaster. In the same way nature and human kinds are closely related and cannot be separated; or cannot deny the presence of one another. At the Anthropocene epoch, humankind seems to have control over the nature in some extent, despite that nature wait its time and respond how it’s been treated. At this epoch “human-kind has caused mass extinctions of the planet and animal species, polluted the oceans and altered the atmosphere” (Stromberg, np). Moreover, in “The Mutant at Horn Creek” the author shows how humankind will alter the natural world and its effect in the
Environmental ethics refers to the relationship that humans share with the natural world (Buzzle, 2011), it involves people extending ethics to the natural environment through the exercise of self-discipline (Nash, 1989). Herein the essay will give examples of anthropocentrism and non-anthropocentrism as forms of environmental ethics, criticizing anthropocentrism in contrast with a defence of non- anthropocentrism precedents. Anthropocentrism also referred to as human-centeredness, is an individualistic approach, a concept stating that humans are more valuable, and the environment is only useful for sustaining the lives of human beings (MacKinnon, 2007). The practise of human-centeredness is associated with egocentrism (Goodpaster, 1979), by contrast non-anthropocentrism is a holistic approach
John Donne is undoubtedly acknowledged as a giant metaphysical poet. In Donne’s metaphysical poetry we find unified sensibility. His poems range from deeply religious pieces to secular ones; they include lyrics, sonnets, elegies, satires and epigrams. This paper focuses on the exploration of the features of Donne’s metaphysical poetry. Donne is respect of the manifestation of metaphysical poetry was supercalifragilisticexpialidocious and most outstanding among all poets such as Richard Crashaw, Henry Vaughan, Abraham Cowley, George Herbert, Andrew Marvell and many others.
91) As a result, society battles to take a fair viewpoint on nature, as our understanding is constructed by existing cultural standards. Ultimately, by viewing humanity as the crux of existence, nature becomes merely a resource: ‘a raw material to be transformed into use-value for humanity’ (Connor 1996: 278). This hyperseraparation from nature poses a potential fatal outcome for the physical environment, as the ability to view ourselves as a part of ecosystems becomes damaged as we perceive the natural world as a disposable commodity, thus downplaying our understanding of how nature both sustains the environment and supports our lives. Therefore, this essay will draw on anthropocentrism and the dualistic nature between culture and nature binaries to comparatively analyse the excerpt from Consolations of the Forest (2013) by Sylvain Tesson and
Restoration is aimed to reinstate the ecological quality of an ecosystem prior to degradation. The goal is focused on achieving a healthy ecosystem that is resilient to change and thus may regain its integrity. Although people agree on the fact that restoration can enhance efforts to conserve nature, restoration will always be a poor second to the preservation of original ecosystem (Young, 2002). While restoration is directed to damaged ecosystems, preservation aims to conserve a pristine ecosystem where human interferences are minimal or nonexistent (van Andel & Aronson, 2006). Both efforts are stemmed on the sense of duty toward nature, predominantly rooted on the urgency to correct past mistakes.
It is true to say that there is disequilibrium between man and nature which results in environmental crisis. Scientific and technological development is the main cause of the crisis between man-nature relationships as modern man speaks about development which invites severe environmental degradation. Unless modern men are conscious and alert about ecological crisis, there will never be peace. Ecological crisis is not for nature itself but for ours as well as for future generation. According to Hussain Nasr, “To be peace with the Earth one must be at peace with Heaven” (Nasr, 1968: 14).
The sense of belonging to the environment is same as citizenship. People tend to protect the environment if it is ‘belongs’ to them. Clifford (1998) stated that, environmental crime preferred term is ‘offences against the environment’. An intention act to commit harm or with potential to cause harm to ecological and/or biological systems and for the objective of securing personal of business advantage. Environmental crime also not considered as crime because environment itself cannot sue or bring the case to the court.
If violence will impeded the man in fulfilling his purpose, then violence is contrary to natural law. Since peace assists this fulfillment, man should honour promises, since to dishonour a promise can lead to disharmony or even violence. This should be the constant value that is embodied within the principle of natural law. It is a characteristic of natural law that the truths it embodies are not made known to man by some Great Architect beyond the skies. We do not find the heavens open and a hand comes through clouds, passing down to mankind a tablet of stone on which the truths of natural law are inscribed: the truth of natural law are not revealed truths.
Sustainable development is defined as development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own( Brundtland Report, 1987). It is an area of environmental philosophy that faces a lot of conflict due to the various subdivisions in terms of ethical perceptions. For traditional and religious views, some people believe they were given dominion over nature’s plants and animals to serve their needs.The techno-centric ideology is centered is centred on technology and it’s ability to control and protect the environment, it is almost arrogant in it’s assumption that humans have control over nature. The ‘ecological footprint’ (Gaston 2005, p.239) that resulted from humans’ greediness has lead over the decades to massive alteration in nature’s balance, as well as many recognizable environmental crises the world is facing today. By contrast, eco-centrism recognizes a nature-centerd systemof values and extends the inherent worth to all living thigs regardless of their usefulness to humans (Mackinnon 2007, p. 336).