There are different ways to perceive the concept of personality. Some scientists define it as a set of characteristics that are dependent of culture, ethnicity, and gender. The first is the psychoanalytic perspective that describes that the childhood experiences and the unconscious mind are responsible for creating the personality. Erikson described that social elements are important in carrying out the development of individual personality. Carl Jung took an entirely different perspective, and totally focused on personality archetypes which are present in the unconscious mind as a collective identity.
Definition: A part of unconscious mind, including patterns of memories, instincts, feelings and experiences common to mankind. Concept of Collective Consciousness (Basics): The concept of the collective unconscious of Jungian is based on his experiences with schizophrenic persons. Jung followed the Freudian theory of unconsciousness as the psychic strata formed by suppressing wishes, she later developed her own theory of the unconscious to include some other concepts. The most important of them is an Archetype. Definition of archetypes: (In Jungian psychology) a collectively inherited unconscious idea, a good example of images, thoughts, feelings etc., everywhere present in anyone’s psyches.
In this assignment I will be summarising the theoretical thrust of the four forces in psychology which are natural sciences, psychoanalysis, transpersonal psychology and existentialism, phenomenology and humanistic psychology. I then chose to do the historical development and key principles of natural science otherwise known as behaviourism. Theoretical Thrust Natural sciences Natural science was about observing and experiencing. The way to understand experience was through colours, tastes, degrees of brightness, and contours but this was later on said to be wrong by Gestalt psychologists. Behaviourism was influenced by an article written by John.
Sigmund Freud 's viewpoint on personality development differed entirely from social learning theory. He was a psychoanalyst and looked for unconscious motives, which influenced the behavior of the patients, he was treating. He focused on the subconscious much larger part of the mind, a storehouse of impulses, passions and inaccessible memories that affect our feelings and actions. In ancient Indian psychology this is known as "samskaras". It is believed that some of these samskaras are connected with previous lives experiences.
Grace P. Rato Psych 17 AB PSYCHOLOGY-2 March 19, 2016 “Relevance of Theories Of Personality In The Different Fields of Psychology.” First of all, what is Personality? Personality is what makes you unique and refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. But there is little common agreement among personality theorists. Gordon Allport, said that personality is something real within an individual that leads to characteristic behavior and thought, but for Carl Rogers, another personality theorist who focused on Humanistic Psychology that the personality or “self” is an organized, consistent pattern of perception of the “I” or “me” that lies at the heart of an individual’s experience.
Sigmund Freud (1917) is one of the most influential thinkers and psychologist of the twentieth century in the field of Psychology. He found that the unconscious is the source of inspiration and one’s active mind is a way to hide thoughts and desires from awareness (Gabriel, 2011). In general, the Psychoanalytic model of personality can be divided into three structures: Id, Ego and Superego (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first structure of Psychoanalytic Model is Id. King (2009) defined Id as the Freudian build of personality that concern with unconscious drives and the individual’s reservoir of psychic energy.
Wundt and Titchener 's structuralism played a role in the drive to make psychology a more experimental science, while James ' functionalism helped concentrate psychology on the process of actually solving real problems By understanding the focus of structuralism and functionalism, you can pick up a more prominent appreciation how psychology at the point it is today. The two theories utilize the investigation of the human consciousness at its base; the ways in which these studies are conveyed forward is starkly different. The fact that they are the predecessors of the varied schools of thought in psychology, guarantees that they secure a special place in the study of this
Cognitive-behavioral theory is best conceptualized as a general category of theories, or related theories that have evolved from philosophical writings, clinical experiences, and empirical studies of behavioral and cognitive oriented psychologists and other mental health workers. The hyphened term cognitive-behavioral reflects the importance of both behavioral and cognitive approaches to understanding and interpreting human views. The hyphen brings together behavioral and cognitive theoretical views, each with its own theoretical assumptions and intervention strategies. Cognitive-behavioral is the hybrid of cognitive processes and behavioral strategies that strive to achieve the goal of cognitive and behavioral change. (Dobson and Dozois,
Compare and Contrast Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory of development and Erik Eriksonn’s psychosocial theory of development The subjects of human development has been persistent in the society. So in this subject there are many theories. Which is forwarded by different psychologist. Among them two main psychoanalytic theories are Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development. These two psychologists support that human’s development follow in a sequence of predetermined stages.
At the same time there is a necessity to understand the biological bases of behaviour too. When the various components of psychological understanding such as emotion, perception, personality, language, motivation etc are in functional control under various lobes of brain such as parietal, occipital, temporal, frontal etc it is inevitable to study them. The structure of the brain and its corresponding functions are immensely specific which brings hope to the psychologists who believe in the concept of universalism in the