Malaysian has the right to freedom of speech which is guaranteed by Article 10 of the Constitution of Malaysia. The Article 10 allows all citizens the absolute freedom as not restricted by the government. In Malaysia, Law such as Publications act and printing presses give the Malaysian authorities the control over all the media. Any act that against this law may lead to fines or in much extreme cases, prison sentence. Although Malaysia has the right to freedom of speech, the media are still being controlled by the government which restrict them to publish anything against the government.
Freedom of assembly and petition gives every individual the privilege to be anywhere at any time as long as it doesn’t cause violence on public property. All people have the right to practice the freedom but it shouldn’t lead to more
INTRODUCTION Before getting into a complete discussion of Right to Privacy first of all we should know what the term privacy means. Privacy means, “right to be let alone, the right of a person to be free from any unwarranted publicity, the right to live freely without any unwarranted interference by any people in any matters with which the public is not necessarily concerned”. Article 21 of the Constitution of India states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law”. After reading the Article 21, it has been interpreted that the term ‘life’ includes all those aspects of life which makes a man’s life meaningful, useful, peaceful, complete and worth living. Whatever
A free press is not an optional extra in a democracy.”15 The freedom of speech and expression is regarded as the first condition of liberty.17 The Preamble of the Constitution of India itself secures, to the people, the liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. Free speech is one of the most coveted fundamental rights in the world. In India, the freedom of speech and expression is protected under Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India. This is part of the basic fundamental rights. Though the Indian Constitution does not use the expression “freedom of press” in Article 19, but it has been included in one of the guarantees in Article 19(1) (a).
In a country like the United Kingdom that practice parliament sovereignty, the parliament has no limitations in amending or enacting laws. This includes laws that might even infract the society’s welfare and liberty. On the contrary, in a country that practices supremacy of the constitution like Malaysia, the limitations imposed on the parliament prevents any law to be passed inconsistently with the Federal
"The main way our Constitution operates is to protect the basic liberties of the American people by keeping powers, such as the government, in check. Freedom of speech is renowned as an ultimate western ideal along with its counterpart, Freedom of the Press. In Lovell v. City of Griffin (1938), Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes defined the press as ""every sort of publication which affords a vehicle of information and opinion."" This right has been extended to newspapers, books, plays, movies, and video games. In Branzburg v. Hayes (1972), Freedom of the press was further defined as ""a fundamental personal right"", not confined to newspapers and periodicals.
Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of the United Nations and The European Convention on Human Rights (1950), Article 10 guarantees free expression, almost exactly the same way: Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right includes freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. In the second half of the twentieth century, the freedom of expression is gradually coming up to two new freedoms: freedom of media and freedom of access to information. Under modern conditions, freedom of media, as derived human right, includes: the right to truthful and objective information and the right to publicly, to criticize and seek explanations in relation to specific procedures and acts of
As Malaysian citizens, besides having the right to say and express whatever we want, we also have the right to assemble peaceably and we also have the right to form associations however it also being stated in Article 10 (2) (a) (b) (c) that the parliament has the right to impose restrictions on these rights. It is true that Malaysians get to enjoy the freedom of speech and expression as stated in the Federal Constitution but this freedom is restricted and these restrictions are the exception, permitted only to protect: the rights or reputations of others, national security, public order, public health and morals. This simply means that as Malaysian citizens, we do have the right to say and express whatever we want as long as it does not break the rules or regulations
A constitution is a set of fundamental and entrenched rules governing the conduct of an organisation or nation, establishing its concept, character, and structure. It is usually a short document general nature and embodying the aspirations of values of its writers and subjects. (Business Dictionary, 2015). A constitution is the ultimate authority; any action, which contravenes the rules of the constitution, will be both unconstitutional and unlawful. It will also help identify the rights and freedoms of citizens through a bill of rights, which operates both to protect citizens and to restrict the power of the state.
Any person can travel by road or highway on car wagon or automobile, is not a mere privilege that may be permitted or prohibited, that rights which are under the right of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In a normal conditions anyone can move or travel in his discretion along a public highway or in public places while orderly in a decent manner, neither disturbing nor interfering the rights of another. Only for the safeguard of public interest by law a person can be restricted. In India the corresponding provision has been held to have as object the removal of all berries between one state of another or between different parts of same state. All are equal before law and freedoms shall be exercised directly on the basis of the Constitution.