The Definition Of Ideology

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The term ‘ideology’ was first developed in the 18th century by the French philosopher Destutt de Tracy and has become appealing in various fields of research including psychology, sociology, linguistics, politics and so on. There have been multiple definitions of ideology so far. In 1991, Eagleton listed 6 different definitions of the term at that time. These first two definitions tried to connect the terms with the ideas and beliefs of a social group. The third and the fourth tied the ideology with social powers and the imposing of one group’s power on other groups. The last two definitions stated that the ideology signifies the false and deceptive beliefs which arise from the material structure of the society and are beneficial for the ruling class. Although the list of definitions by Eagleton did not reduce the vagueness of the term ideology, it has attracted multiple authors from different fields of research to investigate ideology (Alaghbary, 2015). This paper will include several definitions which are related to Discourse Analysis. Stuart Hall (1986: 6) called ideology “the mental frameworks- languages, the concepts, categories, imagery of thought, and the systems of representation - which different classes and social groups deploy in order to make sense of, figure out and render intelligible the way society works”. (Van Dijk, 1998:26) defined ideology as a shared framework of social beliefs shared by members of a group. Ideologies allow the group members to organize
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