In early 1980s, cultural tourism was distinguished from recreational tourism (Lord, 1999). Silberberg (1995) provides a broad definition of cultural tourism as “visits by persons from outside the host community motivated wholly or in part by interest in the historical, artistic, scientific or lifestyle/heritage offerings of a community, region or institution”(p.361). Wisconsin Heritage Tourism Program provides the following definition “The practice of traveling to experience historic and cultural attractions to learn about a community’s heritage in an enjoyable and educational way” Cultural tourism may be defined as tourism constructed, proffered and consumed explicitly or implicitly as cultural appreciation as experiences or schematic knowledge gaining (Prentice, 2001). Hence, cultural tourism can include cultural attractions, sport, living heritage, recent nostalgia and the everyday life of local communities (Howie, 2000). Asplet and Cooper (2000) mentioned that it can include local language, gastronomy, the technology of the past, clothing, leisure activities and educational
We all are indeed a product of former generations whether we are aware of it or not. Each individual undoubtedly carries many different sorts of heritage which may be in the form of physical material or spiritual values which reflect in their norms and traditions. The definition of the concept of Cultural Heritage has developed with history. At present, it doesn’t end at monuments and collection of objects. It also includes traditions or living expressions inherited from our ancestors and passed on to our descendants, such as oral traditions, performing arts, special practices, rituals, festive events, knowledge, and practices concerning nature and the universal knowledge & skill to produce traditional crafts.
Heritage tourism or cultural heritage tourism or diaspora tourism is a branch of tourism that focusses on the cultural heritage of the place of tourism. According to the National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States of America travelling to experience the places, artifacts and activities that authentically represent the stories and people of the past and heritage tourism can include cultural, historic and natural resources. Heritage tourism promotes heritage of a place while ensuring their long term protection. Heritage tourism can be a part of the wide tourism plans of the tourist or he could visit the place for the sole purpose of visiting the heritage site. For example, a tourist can visit New York for a wide range of activities and visiting The Empire State Building, a heritage site could be one of them or a tourist can fly down to New York for the sole purpose of visiting ground zero of the demolished World Trade Centre.
The definition of the tourist was proposed by the International Union of Official Travel Organizations (IUOTO) in 1963 and approved in 1968 by the World Tourist Organization. This is the most widely accepted definition. It refers that international tourists are "temporary visitors staying at least twenty-four hours in the country visited and the purpose of whose journey can be classified into two headings, which are given below : (a) Leisure which includes recreation, holiday, health, study, religion and sport; (b) Business which includes family mission, meeting. There are four core criteria of a tourist spot namely, a form of tourism (the most common reason for travel is visiting friends and relatives. A "tourist" will also travel outside
It’s important that tourism infrastructure is designed in a way to protect the natural heritage which include the ecosystems and biodiversity, and to protect the endangered species of wildlife. Moreover, Stakeholders must ensure that their activities will not effect on the environment, in particularly sensitive areas such as desert, polar or high mountain regions, coastal areas, tropical forests or wetlands, propitious to the creation of nature reserves or protected areas. Encourage the ecotourism that are mainly recognized for respecting the natural heritage and local population, and keeping with the carrying capacity of the
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 THE STUDY OF TOURISM What is tourism? Common parlance agreed and recognized that the traditional definition of tourism commonly explains ‘tourist’ as a person undertaking a tour, in which the tour refers a circular trip that is usually made for business, pleasure or education, at the end which one returns to the starting point, normally the home. (Williams, 2009) Williams (2009) mentioned that ‘Tourism’ is usually viewed as a complex concept relating not only the temporary movement of people to destinations that are extracted from their usual residential place but the organization and conduct of their activities and of the facilities and services that are necessary to meet their needs. Furthermore, the quality
Tourism “the activities of persons traveling to and staying in place outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purpose” History of Tourism. Tourism are acknowledge for people who have travelled narrative of Marco Polo in the 13th century the “grand tour” of the British aristocracy to Europe in the 18th century; and the journeys of David Livingstone through Africa in 19th century are all examples of early tourism. Thomas Cook are famous, he is the inventor for comprehensive tours
1.1) Introduction to Tourism Tourism is the practice of travelling for pleasure or the business of offering information, accommodations, transportation and other services to tourists. This word was first documented between 1805 and 1815. It is an activity done by an individual or a group of individuals, which leads to a motion from a place to another. From a country to another for performing a specific task or it is a visit to a place or several places in the purpose of entertaining which leads to an awareness of other civilizations and cultures, also increasing the knowledge of countries, cultures, and history. Tourism