Plato’s Protagoras is a dialogue of much debate that allows for the readers to look further and to bring into question the argument on virtue for themselves. It is not something to be taken whole-heartedly since Plato is throwing different theories about virtue around in this dialogue. Socrates, one of the main characters was always fixated on virtue, especially the concept of defining and teaching virtue, and whether or not it can actually be taught. However, one must keep in mind that Socrates is not Plato and this is a work of fiction. Since in this writing the character of Socrates is inconclusive and contradictory, the reader becomes under the impression that virtue may actually be taught and in order to understand virtue one must know
In Plato’s “The Apology,” Socrates recounts how he searched and found wisdom. Socrates first started searching for wisdom when the Oracle at Delphi stated that there was no man wiser than he. Socrates questioned the oracle, and searched for the reason for the oracle’s prophecy; Socrates found that the people he met, the politicians, poets, and artisans,
Further he explained that neither alternative is true and therefore the Divine command theory is false. So is Plato suggesting that there is no such thing as a definition of holiness, that there is no one feature that all holy deeds have in
Meletus tells Socrates that he does not believe in gods at all. Socrates shows that a person cannot believe in divine activities but not in divinities. He cannot be contradicted; he cannot believe in the gods and not believe in the gods. Socrates uses reasoning and logic throughout his trial.
WRITE ON PLATO’S THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE Plato was Born in Athens around the time 428 B.C. 'He was educated in philosophy, poetry and gymnastics by distinguished Athenian teachers including the philosopher Cratylus. ' However base on my understanding it was another Greek philosopher, name Socrates who would have more influence and inspiration on Plato 's thinking and writings, along with the times in which he lived. 'Plato in his writings explored justice, beauty and equality, his writings also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. ' His most important writings called Dialogues touched upon almost every problem that had occupied philosophers in his time and even now in this present time.
He also considered that Socrates was a liar and doesn’t know what he’s talking about because in earlier discussions Socrates didn’t give a suitable answer of the definition of justice, he just asked questions that were a bit mystery, and that was his way to prove
In Plato’s, Phaedo, one of the arguments that Socrates makes for justifying his theory about the soul being immortal is the argument of opposites. The argument of opposites is found from 70c to 72c in the Phaedo. The argument is not logically valid as there are a few fallacies that occur with the definition of opposites with which Socrates defines his argument. This argument ultimately fails at being logically valid as contrary to premise 1, all things that have an opposite do not come from only their opposites. Socrates also does not specify in this argument whether he is referring to the soul dying or the body dying in the final premises.
Euthyphro was prosecuting his father for doing something wrong which would be impiety, not holy, but Socrates states that is one example of piety however not a broader conclusive definition. Knowing when to pray and what to pray for on a specific occasion however Euthyphro stated holiness is what is loved by god’s and unholiness is what is hated by gods. Socrates continued his challenge by stating that gods do disagree about what is just and not just and some things are hated by gods and not hated by
He will not make it ‘pretty’, instead he will bluntly state how himself, and how others alike him feel. “I evince no elaborate preparation, nor grace my speech withy any high sounding exordium” (Douglass). Douglass doesn’t want his speech to be pretty, he wants it to be honest and truthful. He does not want his audience to go through his speech with a fine tooth comb to get behing the meaning of his speech. Socrates, however, wants to examine everything, “Let’s hold what we do have closer to the light so that we can see precisely the power of the are these things produce” (Phaedrus pg. 68).
Additionally, Socrates continues to use the Socratic Method to examine the second accusation against him from Meletus, impiety. Socrates asks Meletus many questions regarding his accusation and Meletus eventually admits to the jury that Socrates believes in spirits and that spirits are gods or their children (27d). Socrates then states that there is no way that the jury would believe that a