Upton Sinclair, a novelist, writer, journalist, political activist, and politician, was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1878. Sinclair began college at the age of 14 at the City College of New York. Sinclair aspired to be a poet, but eventually followed a different route. He began working on literary works that would cause major reforms in society. In 1904, Sinclair spent seven weeks in disguise in Chicago’s meat packing district to research his novel, The Jungle.
He wanted to expose the conditions in the plants and the lives of the poor immigrants. The book became a bestseller when it was published two years later and as a result the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act were both passed in 1906. 1In the book The Jungle a Lithuanian couple named Ona and Jurgis immigrate to Chicago only to realize that the conditions there were subpar at best. Jurgis and some of Ona’s family quickly find work and soon had enough to buy a house but they soon find out that the house
A muckraker is what is considered today an investigative journalist. In Sinclair’s case, he is considered a muckraker because he “wanted to investigate the meat-packing industry” in order to write about the working class, especially the immigrants working in them. As he began his investigation, however, he discovered dirty and unhealthy conditions in a workplace with unsafe standards. The applicable theme would be Culture and Society (CUL) because although he speaks about the working class and work conditions, he focuses on society as a whole. He writes “The Jungle” to describe to them the dirty, “unhealthy conditions, and general absence of meaningful safety standards in the workplace”.
He was sent to chicago in 1904 by a socialist newspaper to write an expose on the mistreatment of workers in the meatpacking industry. Sinclair threw himself into the manuscript that would be known as The Jungle, after several weeks of undercover research. The Jungle was published in 1906 by Doubleday after being initially rejected but the release made public acclaim and shock. The Jungle became a massive best seller and was translated into 17 different languages within the first month of release. Theodore Roosevelt was one of the many readers, he invited Upton to the White House and ordered an investigation on the meat packing industry.
The description is an allegory for the lives of unskilled laborers in the stockyards, and, in the author’s view, for America at this time in history can be summed up in Jurgis’s line: “But I’m glad I’m not a hog!” The way toward murdering and separating animals is a comparative procedure to the routes in which Jurgis himself will be separated by the conditions of the city. This is not only an allegorical separating, either, as a physical procedure of cutting and injuring is an essential driver of downfall in the packing plants. Filled with pity, Jurgis watches a line of hogs going calmly down a chute to the executing floor. He doesn 't understand that he and his family, similar to those bound hogs, are trooping similarly unobtrusively to their own fate.
The contempt he had developed for the upper class as a youth had led Sinclair to socialism in 1903, and in 1904 he was sent to Chicago by the socialist newspaper Appeal to Reason to write an exposé on the mistreatment of workers in the meatpacking industry. After spending several weeks conducting undercover research on his subject matter, Sinclair threw himself into the manuscript that would become The Jungle. Initially rejected by publishers, in 1906 the novel was finally released by Doubleday to great public acclaim—and shock. Despite Sinclair’s intention to reveal the plight of laborers at the meatpacking plants, his vivid descriptions of the cruelty to animals and unsanitary conditions there caused great public outcry and ultimately changed the way people shopped for food. Upon its release, Sinclair enlisted his fellow writer and friend Jack London to help publicize his book and assist in getting his message across to the masses.
Corruption runs rampant in Packingtown, the town where Jurgis and his newly immigrated family work in the meatpacking industry. The Jungle’s heavy-handed symbolism alludes to the theme of corruption. For example, the animals represent the workers themselves; while the workers are the cattle, “each in a separate pen … leaving them with no room to turn around,” the wealthy capitalists are the “‘knockers,’ … watching for a chance to deal a blow” (Sinclair, 39). In other words, the capitalists are taking the workers lives
Aldous Huxley wrote the novel, Brave New World, with the intention of warning his readers of the dangers of our growing society. He feared that technology and the urge to advance would ruin the free life we know today. Neil Postman, a social critic, contrasts George Orwell’s vision of the future and Aldous Huxley’s vision. He makes relevant assertions about Huxley’s fears that compare to our own society. His assertions are that people will come to love their oppression, the truth would become irrelevant, and that what we love with ruin us.
Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle is an American novel classic. This book provides a lens into the life of 20th century immigrants working in poor conditions throughout industrialization. Sinclair set out to expose the harsh conditions that these poor immigrants had to live in. By doing so, he wanted to show that not only was the meatpacking industry vile, but also wanted to show that capitalism doesn’t work.
The reason Schlosser chose to go into the meat-packing plant himself was so the reader trusted him; and therefore could believe what he described. Next, Schlosser uses similes to describe his experience within the plant. Schlosser describes how the deeper he went into the plant the worse and more horrific it got. At first he says it just looks like the “back of your local supermarket”, but then he explains how it gets violent, and more slaughterhouse-like (169). The simile is meant to highlight the darkness of the plant on the inside rather than what it is expected to be.
Uptown Sinclair’s book The Jungle was originally written to expose the working conditions within the meat packing industry. Sinclair shocked millions as he bore what it was really like behind the scenes. Employees worked with contaminated and rotting meat, which was not a health violation at the time. This eventually led to new food and federal safety laws. Most of the labor force was an immigrant, who moved to the United States with hopes of the “American Dream.”
Fred was dating a woman name Deborah Johnson (Akia Njere) and she was 81/2 months pregnant when he was murdered. In early October, they rented a four and half room apartment located at 2337 W.Monroe St to be closer to the BPP headquarters. This here apartment is where Fred and another BPP leader (Mark Clark) were murdered. Before Hampton was murdered, he was quickly moving up in the Black Panther Party. His actions and skills were thought of as remarkable.
Sinclair who went into this job thinking it was going to a very easy story to broadcast the conditions of workers in the industrial district was sadly mistaken when he published his book. Once the book hit the streets it unleashed a beast never before seen and caused a massive amount of damage to the reputation to companies and the government. Upton Sinclair at the age of 28 wrote The Jungle. He was paid $500 to write about the factories of Chicago and was given seven weeks to investigate the atrocities that were about to be uncovered and revealed to the public’s eyes. (Conditions in Meatpacking Plants; Web).
Fast food companies and meat processors are uninterested in the possible risks consumers are susceptible to when unskilled workers handle the meat. The analogy links the main idea to the title of the chapter. Schlosser has chosen to present information in this way because it emphasizes the cruelty meatpacking workers endure, they are fired right before benefits become available to them. He wants to affect/influence his readers by demonstrating to them how meatpacking industries only care about making a large revenue each year. 8 paraphrase - repetition of “blood” and “injuries”: “We wade through blood that’s ankle deep…” (171) “Indeed, the rate of these cumulative trauma injuries…” (173) Repetition
In my opinion, the progressive reformers were motivated by their aspiration to do something regarding the discrimination that existed between businesses and the laborers. They sought social justice; they wanted civic engagement. There was an enormous push against corruption and big corporate monopolies that came out of the industrialization movement and then the other side of the progressive movement was the attempt to make government more scientifically sound. All of these activists saw European countries using new economic theories, political science and realized that America was falling behind. They wanted the U.S. to be up to date on the latest medicine, education and science.