In the case of the study of Chen & Wu (2013) in “Gratitude Enhances Changes in Athletes’ Self-Esteem: The Moderating Role of Trust in Coach”, the result showed that athletes with higher levels of gratitude increased their self-esteem over time when they their affective trustin their coaches is high as well. KristjánKristjánson (2013), he offers a reconstruction of gratitude as an Aristotelian virtue while Merçon-Vargas, Poelker & Tudge (2017) introduced the concept of gratitude as a virtue. They explained the differences from gratitude viewed as a positive emotion to gratitude viewed as a virtue. Samantha Bausert and Jeffrey Froh in their latest paper
This factor comes in with the issue of the depth of the relationship. Happiness is more of a strong driving force, that if you want something, you can go ahead and get it, like a hunger that needs satisfaction. People become happier after getting what they want. In fact, time with friends results in simple pleasures. In the case of the meaning of life, a person gets more meaning when he or she gives, which includes giving love, time or even resources in a social setting (Stavrova, and Luhmann, 471).
It refers to the situation in which a pair has multiple ties in different contexts of the society within the given time frame. This multiple layer of relationship in between the pair, increases their emotional bonding thus enhancing their social capital domain. Verbrugge defined multiplexity as: - the overlap of roles, exchanges, or affiliations in social relationships. Having a close friend who also is a co-worker or neighbour is an example of a multiplex relationship (Verbrugge,1979). Coleman viewed Multiplexity in social relationships as enriching social capital because it allows social organizations to be appropriated from one situation to another.
Positive emotions change us for the better. To think and feel positive is a way to be happy, to feel good, to reduce stress and negative emotions. It is so simple and at so precious, not only for our relationships with others, but for ourselves. It’s amazing how good positive emotions do to our mental and physical health. This is the broaden and build model of positive emotions.
Positive emotions can be exercised in order to increase happiness levels. Love is regarded as a positive emotion by theorists such as Barbara Fredrickson, Christine Branigan (2001) and George Vaillant (2008). Furthermore, the capacity to love and be loved is one of the 24 VIA character strengths. According to Martin Seligman (2002) practising character strengths can bring us gratification and authentic happiness. Research and interventions find that cultivating happiness with love in one person can also positively affect the people around them.
A researcher, Waitley, said the meaning of esteem is appreciating the value or worth of something (1997). Therefore, self-esteem is how people are confident and satisfying of themselves. Self-esteem is one of the most crucial and essential qualities of a winning human being. It seems self-esteem as an energy that make people’s lives more significant. It is that
The findings of the three articles that are going to be reviewed, indicate that pro-social spending does increase happiness but it depends on how close you are to the recipient, whether your basic psychological needs are satisfied and how much you value the well-being of others. The purpose of this literature review is to answer the following questions: Does pro-social spending increase
According to the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, scholars have found a consistent pattern where couples who cohabit prior to engagement tend to demonstrate more negative short-term and long-term relational outcomes, higher levels of conflict and less commitment. 1. Test the relationship vs. spend more time together 2. Marital plans make a difference B. Psychology Today describes cohabitating couples that tend to “slide into marriage” by the term relationship inertia.
Self-efficacy and self-liking are the two main mechanisms shaping the self-esteem of an individual. All human beings need self-esteem in their lives, because it serves in easing anxiety, it assists in making personal decisions, and also it manages to maintain increased social support; that means that self-esteem could possibly contribute in creating a happy life. Li et al. (2015) described people with high self-esteem that they are confident, believing that they are more enhanced than others in many different ways, and also tend to think positively, even when experiencing failure. Rezaei–Dehaghani et al.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Welfare of employee and his family members is an effective advertising and also a method of buying the gratitude and loyalty of employees. Employee welfare is a comprehensive term including various services, benefits and facilities offered by the employer. The essential reason of employee welfare is to enhance the life of employees and keep them glad and delighted. Welfare facilities empower employees to have a wealthier and all the more fulfilling life. It raises the way of life of workers by in a roundabout way lessening the weight on their pocket.