No horror novel has achieved the notoriety of Bram Stoker’s Dracula. Vampires today would not be so popular in horror if not for Stoker’s revamped version of the classic Eastern European bloodsucker. Having come at a time when xenophobic novels were extremely popular, Dracula has kept its relatability despite the test of time. Aside from its hold as a horror novel, Dracula endures because it serves as a reminder of how society works alongside authority figures and the powerless, and from its definition of human values. The Victorian Era is known for a pious, sexless society where women were considered inferior.
In this Harrison Bergeron’s criticism, it says that freedom remains in the background of the story; however, freedom is no longer a present value in the story. The law makes those who are "above normal'' equal to the ones who are "normal" by handicapping the above-normal individuals. In this criticism, Vonnegut suggests that freedom can be taken away relatively easily; however, freedom can be defined as “lack of restriction”, and in this story is very clear that the society is full of limitations and restrictions. People cannot think if they want to, nor they cannot feel anything. If they want to cry or laugh, they can do it, although when they start doing it, they forget the reason of why they started doing it.
It is their biggest adversary, sexual lust that must constantly be tamed because they know that“ Sexual deprivation induced hysteria, which was desirable because it could be transformed into war - fever and leader worship” (139). Winston and Julia by committing the greatest act of rebellion against Big Brother break the frames of individualism and establish the bond that ultimately leads to their undoing. Yet their relationship is not based upon love but the succumbing to a banned human instinct. This act is what propels them in finding a shared sanctuary above the junk shop in the poles neighbourhood, because “The room was a world, a pocket of the past where extinct animals could walk”(157). The only ones that have not renounced to those emotions or that prehistoric behaviour are the proles, the outcasts of Oceania.“ The proles had stayed human.
This position of power ultimately allows Dracula to plot monstrous schemes revolving Jonathan Harker, however, Harkers living testimony reveals Dracula 's true nature as a bloodthirsty vampire. Interestingly even after Mina is helping track Dracula, the men limit Mina regarding the situation due to her being a women. This example of how the men treat Mina is crucial because the men have a higher societal power they pre-determinately judge Mina 's role. Stoker uses Dracula along with Jonathan 's relationship with Mina to introduce the concept on how easily someone is controlled due to the social hierarchy. This proves the world is unjust although modern times have started to change societies monstrous prejudices that result in dehumanization.
Storytelling does not get rid of the mental burden, but it lightens it because someone finally can learn to understand why they carry this burden. The ignorant actions of both the mariner in “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” and Victor Frankenstein in Frankenstein, the lasting mental burdens carried by both, as well as their subsequent attempts to use storytelling to relieve their mental burdens; show that the only way to regain social interaction after the obsession with guilt has isolated a person, is through the alleviation of this mental burden by advising others against acting on
Because they have been desensitized to human suffering, the citizens of the World State find it funny—even entertaining. "Charming! But in civilized countries," said the Controller, "you can have girls without hoeing for them, and there aren 't any flies or mosquitoes to sting you. We got rid of them all centuries ago." John makes another point when we suffer not only for the sake of suffering, but also for the rewards that come after.
They treat his death casually, concocting a chocolate pill in order to resurrect Westley, as if this was a natural solution to the problem. While this is a critical part in pushing Westley back to the path of his quest, it’s utilization of humour results in the undermining of the plot. Although the witches play a crucial role in Westley’s transformation and the continuation of his quest, their excited and corky personas divert us from the seriousness of Westley’s
Both Lady Macbeth and Iago feel they lack control, and both summon evil beings to help them gain control. This is a lot more of an active approach than the manipulation mentioned earlier. Lady Macbeth summons multiple spirits: "Come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here“. The words "mortal thoughts" could refer to Lady Macbeth’s conscience. Lady Macbeth summons the spirits that make humans feel and associate with others.
Unsurprisingly, this article discusses the emotions in Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour.” S.S. Jamil shows the irony in stereotyping women as overemotional, when the conventional roles Louise Mallard lives in force her to suppress her emotions. Jamil suggests that this is the cause of Louise’s heart trouble, since psychological health does affect physical health. The self-assertion that Louise discovers is permission to be herself, since emotions are a substantial part of who we are. The narrative of this article paints Louise as the victim and society as the culprit. Jamil references Brently Mallard as a pawn of society.
The metaphorical characters definitely share various similarities compared to the mockingbird. Tom Robinson and Arthur (Boo) Radley are both innocent characters that do not inflict harm on others, but society disregards their say and persecutes them irrationally. Also, Mayella Ewell is a fallen mockingbird that once struggled for innocence, punished herself by leading an innocent man to die. However, no matter the damage society inflicts upon Tom, Arthur, and Mayella, they will still encompass a bit of innocence deep within themselves that will never be destroyed. Additionally, Harper Lee, illustrates a well-composed novel that explores mature topics of prejudice and racism, all while addressing a major metaphorical message that it expresses to kill a mockingbird is undeniably the ultimate evil of our
While the harsh conservatism of the old colony embraces death and its inescapability, the passive liberalness of the new colony does all it can to evade any brushes with mortality. In the New Commandant’s colony, death has lost most of the major significance it once held, as the people avoid the Officer’s executions and refuse to bare witness to the execution of the convicted, shunning the practice like it was a redheaded stepchild. Furthermore, in this new society that is removed of the “religion” of the old colony, death no longer holds the “enlightenment” that it once did, as evidenced by the lack of “redemption” in the Officer’s expression when he was murdered by the machine (p.224-225). This detachment to death is comparable to the circumvention of death in modern day society, as people do all they can to
Julia hands Winston a note saying, “I love you”, thus beginning the second strand of hope in the novel. This represents exactly the reason that the Party does not allow marriage where there is physical attraction. Winston gains passion, a will to live, and confidence to take on challenges and risks. These are the qualities that the Party is trying to suppress, as it is easier to control a population if they do not have the willpower nor reason to resist. Once again, through the hope presented by Winston and Julia’s love, Orwell displays how the proles have the ability to overthrow the Party if they desire.
“There is reason that all things are as they are...” (Stoker 17). Outlasting countless other tales of its time, Bram Stoker’s lore of “Dracula” began as and still continues to be a classic, frightening novel and despite how some would classify it on only a single one end of the spectrum, it holds true elements of both literary and commercial fiction. He uses various techniques of writing, such as the epistolary plot structure and dramatic irony, and elements, including suspense, to present an unexpected, fear-inducing concept based on the xenophobic idea of the Victorian era. In its time, Dracula’s specific aspects were deemed horrific to the xenophobic Victorian society as it entered into the realm of the unknown and completely went against