On 28 June 1919, the countries involved in World War I gathered at Versailles Palace, to sigh the treaty which was a symbol of the end of World War I. This treaty is known as Treaty of Versailles. The treaty changed the world pattern, caused conflicts and controversies among victorious countries, and displeased the Germans, contributing to the occur of a more destructive world war - World War Ⅱ. The original goal of signing the treaty is to keep the peace, but every country pursued its own national interests, so, unfortunately, it failed quickly. The treaty is like a blasting fuse, causing a much bigger disaster for people all over the world.
Emperor Frederick 1st (Barbarossa), was elected to the position of King of Germany at a time when the Kingdom was on the verge of Civil War over rightful inheritence, and the power of the Monarchy had been reduced to little more than that of a Duke or a Count; only holding power over the greaty deminished Crownlands. During his rule, he faced the monumental task of restoring the German Empire to its former glory and restablishing the power and authority of the Crown once again. Bararossa would come into conflict over his measures and would face several problems during his attempts to unite the Kingdoms of Germany and Italy and create for himself what would become known as the Holy Roman Empire. In his attempts to rule over the two great kingdoms, we can see how he needed to use different measures with each to ensure the cooperation of the governments and the peace of the Empire. It is necessary to understand the events of the years before Barbarossa asended to the throne, as they would have a profound infulence on his rule and, would characterise the problems that he would face during it.
For many years, The Cold War was the issue of a fierce debate regarding who or what exactly was the reason that caused it. On this subject, there are three schools of thought: the traditionalists, the revisionists and the post-revisionists. The traditionalists blame Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union’s expansionist and violent diplomacy for being the starters of the war. “Besides violating the agreements made at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin completely disregarded the United Nations because he intended to expand and dominate his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.” (Nye 118). The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe.
WWI (1914-1918) was a disastrous conflict between two sides - the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. It resulted in the victory of the Allies. There were plenty of Central Powers weaknesses, the Schlieffen plan, weak allies of Germany and their hard economic situation at the end of the WWI. However, it was not only due to these weaknesses, Allied Powers had a few strengths, that made them won. The most important of these are : greater army, control of the sea and support of the USA since 1917, while Germany was already running out of supplies and soldiers.
The British military leaders had experienced the vicious fighting against the Germans in World War I that had inflicted such heavy casualties on their forces. Most of them had also confronted the Wehrmacht’s formidable fighting power during the disastrous 1940 campaign in France while the experiences of British forces in North Africa and Libya against Field Marshal Erwin Rommel it did so much to diminish their respect for the German military capabilities. After the war, Brooke put the situation in these terms. He said, That he had found Marshall's rigid form of strategy very difficult to cope with. He said that he had never really fully appreciated what operations in France would mean the different type of training of German divisions as opposed to the rawt traiining American divisions and to most of our new divisions.
At that very period, the republican government, headed by various factions within the parliament, had proven itself weak to the sudden putsch made by one government party. Social Democrats, the Conservative parties, ultra-nationalists – all of them hindered the already prostate and humiliated government. In our essay, we will try to answer the following question: what was Blanqui’s relevance with regards to Benjamin’s socialist philosophy? For starters, Walter Benjamin’s body of work regarding Marxist thought was not completely orthodox by many standards, and yet wasn’t also in line with contemporary western European Marxist thought. At that time, socialism had brewed into numerous splinter groups – Western European Marxist traditions had begun to split off from mainline Marxist theories.
The underlying cause was the backward economic condition of the country, which made it unable to sustain the war effort against powerful, industrialized Germany”(1917). After Russia was represented by a provisional government three major factors that had an immense impact on the government were the Petrograd Soviet, the government’s extension on the war, and the Bolsheviks gaining power. One significant group that weakened/overtook the Provisional Government was the other half of Russia, the Petrograd Soviet. After Tsar’s government disintegrated
The ugly side of nationalism is that of foreign hatred, and Germans who had not forgotten the humiliating defeat in the war against Napoleon in the early nineteenth century had already had considerable hostility towards France. Bismarck said that the Germans were already having considerable hostility against France. If Bismarck could have a war against foreign countries, and especially if it was a war against France as an invader, then the western states would take all the doubts about Prussia as if
Hitler and Alexander the Great lived in extremely different times with different moral standards and ideas on what was right and wrong. Although both Alexander the Great and Hitler were powerful military leaders, at the very core of their military campaigns, Hitler and Alexander had entirely different goals. Hitler and Alexander the Great had immensely different ideas about cultures that were different than their own. Alexander the Great,
In 1796 George Washington gave his Farewell Address. Washington urged Americans to avoid excessive political party and geographical distinctions. George Washington was afraid that the parties would continue to grow seeking more power than other groups and eventually splitting the country in two. Washington was aware that other governments viewed political parties as destructive because of the temptation to manifest and retain power, but also because they would often seek to extract revenge on political opponents. So, in Washington’s Farewell Address warned the Americans to not have political parties and to be in union.