The English language, literature and people were becoming more distinctive. Many new words and phrases entered English and Shakespeare as one of the most famous writers of the world then and now, created a tremendous number of new words which is estimated to be around 34.000 (thousand) new words. Nowadays many students having difficulty understanding Shakespeare would be surprised to know that he wrote in "modern
There are a lot of new words arising and by breaking down the word into syllables the linguistic origin can be located. My basic understanding of the history of the language will help me make my students able to decode English and make them aware of the most common possible drawbacks based on the origin of their linguistics. The difference between various languages is the underlying structure. The complimentary non-verbal compliments, the origin of words, syntax and pronunciation are different. The framework and phonemes of English are similar to those of German and Latin languages.
In the 17 and the 18th century there were many grammarians who made many books that was considered as a dictionaries. The early modern period was a time of great change for the English language. The number of words doubled between 1500 and 1650 for the English speakers. Many of the words were borrowed into English from the Latin or Greek of the Renaissance or from countries visited by travellers and it seemed hard to understand these new words to many of the population. Although there were many books that were considered as English dictionaries, it was Samuel Johnson dictionary that set the standards for the English language.
Chapter Two Literature Review Introduction This chapter reviews the literature related to grammar errors in using simple past tense in English. The review aims to discover the literature related to some grammar problems that face students of English as a foreign language when learning the past simple tense. The review of the literature covers the most recent studies on English grammar problems for EFL learners related to my study. 2.1 Grammar and Writing Writing skill is the process of producing meaning using the graphic symbols of a given language arranged in many different ways to form the units of meaning staring from the morpheme to the discourse in order to construct a context for communication (Zamel, 1985). The ability to write and
Among many other factors, the most important is phonetics, which could weaken the learner’s confidence both in speaking and listening. Observations that limited pronunciation skills can undermine learner’s self-confidence, restrict social interaction, and negatively influence estimations of a speaker’s credibility and abilities are not new (Morley,1998). The ability of speaking English includes the correctness of pronunciation and intonation and could directly affect the appropriate communication in conversation. This paper explores some factors influencing English pronunciation from the causes and then provides some activity suggestions in ESL class. 1.
It is said that when studying a language, the culture and history of a certain nation are taught. The first English colonists and traders were the ones who brought the language to what is nowadays called "The Promised Land." The English language is characterized by different variants. Each variant is characterized by changes in grammatical aspects, vocabulary, pronunciation, writing, etc. Some of them tend to simplify while others mix and create new languages that some have begun to use thick.
The errors learners make interest researchers because they are believed to contain important information about a specific language. English, being an international language, has become extremely important. It is these days a language of diplomacy, technology, international trade, communication and business. Thus, a fluent English speaker carries an advantage over the one, who lacks it. Besides other skills like expertise in grammar and writing, accurate pronunciation is also of great importance.
With comparing with written English, oral English is also important. In fact, oral English is more practice and frequently used in daily communication. Therefore, apart from paying great effort in providing systematic grammar practices and exercise, teachers also need to pay great attention in accurate English pronunciation. In this research papers, I have briefly discussed the major pronunciation errors encountered by HKC and MC students. When knowing the factors affecting HKC and MC students’ pronunciation mentioned above, teachers should try different approaches to tackle the specific pronunciation errors and make sure students are also aware of those errors as those are not simply pronunciation characteristic but errors.
• Performance Evaluation: The performance of the system must be evaluated using previously unseen data. 6. System Refinement: The capabilities of the system will be improved and refined as more training data are acquired. CHALLENGES AND ADVANTAGES Challenges of speech recognition and translator for under-studies languages there are two main issues. • The oral language spoken by the target speaker resulting in difficult in accurate estimation of statistical model for speech recognition and translator • Lack of language knowledge realization in spelling in standard dictionaries that will be a great challenge.
It is essential to teach grammar, and much of the effort spent arguing against the teaching of grammar can be better spent on persuading true believers in grammar instruction that grammar has newly defined but useful role to play in language teaching and in showing them what it really is. English termed as a second language for the Bhutanese learners, teaching and learning of English grammar will foster the Bhutanese students to acquire understanding of the language structure, nature of the language and communication skills both in terms of written and spoken aspects of the language. Firstly, Teaching of English grammar will help the learners organize the structure of the language, to be an effective language user. If a student in a class has got a good knowledge of English grammar, the construction of good sentences is possible which would be clear enough to understand. On the other hand, the improper use of grammar will fail to convey correct messages.