What were the roles of genders in the Great Plains Tribes. The women in the tribes were to cook, make clothing, and tend to the newborns. The elders of the tribe would meet together and name the child. They often times were also put in charge of gathering water and firewood to the campsite. Women were also given the task to set up and take down the teepee. While the women were at camp the men were to go hunt and gather wild game for food.
The Arapaho tribe often referred to themselves as the Inuna-Ina. This is a rough translation of the Arapaho tribe that means “our people.” Religion, government, warring tribes, tools, geography, and food were important cultural aspects of the Arapaho tribe.
The Hopi tribe is strongly entrenched in religion, spirituality, morals and ethics, and as a matter of fact, the meaning of Hopi is “The Peaceful People” or “Peaceful Little Ones”. Hopis strive to be respectful of all living things, meanwhile, they follow the instructions of the Massaw, the Earth Guardian. The Hopi are one of the oldest living tribes in existence; to this day they are still living the Hopi way by continuing to conduct ceremonies and traditions meanwhile still speaking their ancient language. The Native American tribe are currently located on a Hopi Reservation in Northeastern Arizona with 19,327 Hopis according to the 2010 census (Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS), 2010).
The Chinook Indians were a tribe of Native Americans who lived in the Pacific Northwest. They lived along the coast of what is now Oregon and Washington State. The men used bow and arrows for hunting elk, deer and sea mammals. The women gathered other food such as shellfish, clams, roots and berries. The Chinook were very skilled traders. They traded fur and baskets for weapons to be used in hunting and war. For shelter, the Chinook lived in long rectangular houses made of cedar wood planks. The roofs of these structures were made out of tree bark.
In American culture control over key resources seems to be the most important to the gender stratification. Throughout time, women in America were not equal to men. The men in most cases earned money for the household, held political position, could vote, and own property. Women were there to take care of the children and the household. Over time women began to take on roles outside of the household. Women began earning money from doing the same kinds of jobs men were doing. This allowed them to get resources like property. In today’s society, women can do everything a man can do because they were able to gain the same resources a man could. Once women showed that they had control over resources their status began to rise. Women in America
The Mandan tribe is extremely important to U.S. history. The tribe was highly intelligent in their lifestyle. They are also most famously known for coming in contact with Lewis and Clark. Their chief at the time, Chief Shahaka is also known for traveling with Lewis and Clark to visit President Thomas Jefferson.
Theda Perdue`s Cherokee Women: Gender and Culture Change, 1700-1835, is a book that greatly depicts what life had been like for many Native Americans as they were under European Conquering. This book was published in 1998, Perdue was influenced by a Cherokee Stomp Dance in northeastern Oklahoma. She had admired the Cherokee society construction of gender which she used as the subject of this book. Though the title Cherokee Women infers that the book focuses on the lives of only Cherokee women, Perdue actually shines light upon the way women 's roles affected the Native cultures and Cherokee-American relations. In the book, there is a focus on the way that gender roles affected the way different tribes were run in the 1700 and 1800`s. Native
Originally, the Navajo Tribe were discovered in Utah Arizona, and other parts near New Mexico by the US. With the different ways of expressing life and culture in their territory, the US attempted to take control of the Tribe. The Tribe did not want to be taken control of these new unknown people. So, they decided to fight back. In the 1850s, the Tribe was lead to war by the Navajo leader known as Manuelito. With the war in the South West between the tribe and the US from the 1850 to the 1964 made it a hard long battle. Unfortunately, the Navajo were defeated due to the strong technology of the US, and were sent to their new homes in Fort Sumner in New Mexico. Four years later, the tribe went back
Although Native Americans are characterized as both civilized and uncivilized in module one readings, their lifestyles and culture are observed to be civilized more often than not. The separate and distinct duties of men and women (Sigard, 1632) reveal a society that has defined roles and expectations based on gender. There are customs related to courtship (Le Clercq, 1691) that are similar to European cultures. Marriage was a recognized union amongst Native Americans, although not necessarily viewed as a serious, lifelong commitment like the Europeans (Heckewelder, 1819).
Due to the area where they live the Havasupai had many confrontations with other groups in the area as well as white settlers who came later. Groups they had tense relations with were the Yavapai and the Western Apache, due to raids. The Havasupai depended on summer agriculture and hunting and gathering during the winter. They had corn, beans, and squash (). After historic times they raised horses() trade was important with the hoppi the Navajo and walapai and Mohave thye gave food and badksets for cotton horses pottery(). Division of labor was not enforced but men primarily worked in clothes production and women made jeweltry, mats, baskrts, and pottery(). Family importance was nuclear and extended and while blood kin being married was forbidden they did not keep track and often distant cousins were free to marry(). Men wore a shirt, breechclout, leggings, mocasins-women wore short apron, long buckskin dress, moccasins, and kids went naked until 6 or 7 (). Havasupai were not strictly religious but did fear going out at night due to fear of
The life women in the American colonies was treacherous, yet rewarding. There was so much death and sickness around at the beginning of the new world it is a wonder anyone survived. Had it not been for the nurturing and healing offered by women, this country may have never gotten itself off the ground. Women took care of the home, and the family and this remained the main focal point of the American colonial women. Although women’s lives changed exponentially over the century and a half, especially during the market revolution and the second great awakening, the true belief of what a woman was remained unchanged. Women were the nurturers of their family.