If a person says that they are Hispanic, that is what their ethnicity is, not what their race is. It is often thought that race and ethnicity are interchangeable terms when they are actually two different things. In short, race is based on biology and ethnicity is based on culture. It becomes very difficult to classify the race of someone from this background. Just like in any other group of people, there are many variations in skin color that can easily lead to a person being classified as race that they are
The standard way of thinking about the topic of race or ethnicity has it that it is physical appearance or descent. To understand the perspective of race in society we must first understand the distinction between race and ethnicity. One implication of ethnicity is that it is a cultural part of people’s lives a sense of common culture, ancestry and community. In fact, race is more than this, it is physical differences that categorize, not to be confused with identify, individuals. At the same time ethnic and race differences is learned.
1. Introduction Identity can take many forms in the society, from gender and sex to culture and family. Not only does identity define who we are but identity also influences the position we have in a society. When we talk about our identity in relation to culture or values, we often refer to the ethnic element. Ethnicity is a form of identity (based on Max Weber’s definition): “members of a group see themselves as similar and are perceived by others as similar by sharing physical resemblance and/or common customs and ancestry”
Sociologist define race as a social category based on real or perceived biological differences between groups of people. “Race is more meaningful to us on a social level than it is on a biological level”(217). Ethnicity is a social category based on common language, ancestry, or cultural heritage. Sociologists see race and ethnicity as social constructers. Some reasons are based on biology and racial categories never have firm boundaries.
Nevertheless, the two sides exist in parallel. In other words, the term brings both advantages and disadvantages when referring it as a cultural group. Cultural group is a group of people who share one or more unique characteristics defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits to music. The first thing is what we gain if we call the group as Asian American. Using the term “Asian American” means that the unique features for this racial group are kept.
In Appiah's essay "Racial Identities" the author illustrates the point that just because an individual's extrinsic appearance looks as though he or she should belong to a certain group of people it is ultimately up to them to choice their identity. His principal and abiding concern is how we as individuals construct ourselves in a language with the social condition in a persons everyday life. Appiah analyzes the convolution of this process of individuals forming into one identity, emphasizing the opportunities as well as the dangers for self-creation in today’s a culturally mixed world. Appiah’s critique of these large collective identities (whites, Africans, African Americans, and Hispanics) aren't designed to deny their legitimacy but to
Racial identity plays a role in the physical and psychological features of humans. Physically, humans in different parts of the globe endure different conditions and environments. Humans adapt to their environments and obtain different physical traits, henceforth, these physical traits have become adjacent to race. Psychologically, ancestral prejudices and influences throughout history have lingered through the generations and have impacted modern racial identities and tensions. Ethnic conflicts of the past such as the Social Darwinist theory of a "superior race" are morally refuted in current times, but that assumption had a brunt impact in which the world is still repairing today.
The relationship between race and racism is due to the fact that there are racial categories created, in order for particular social groups to be on top of the hierarchy. For example, the white group, which is on top of this racial hierarchy, established the notion of race in order to benefit themselves, which has led to racism among other minority groups. The ideology of a group being superior than others leads to racism. Ultimately, race is the product of racism, and racism is not the product of race (25).
The Racial formation theory has its basis on the assumption that race of an individual is an identity that is socially constructed. As per the paradigms of this theory, the content and significance associated with racial categories are found to be determined in terms of political, social and economic forces. In the context of the society of the United States, the concept of race is found to be used in order to indicate the physical differences that exist between people as well as to signify the perceived and actual economic, behavioural and cultural differences that exist between people (Omi and Winant, 2014). In the early 19th century, the United States faced a major change due to the immigration of the Irish.
In order to explore the impactions of black and white standards of beauty (Eurocentric) that influence Black female hair styles in modern day United states, I will utilize concepts and theories from Anthropology and African American studies. According to Robert H. Lavenda, Anthropology is the study of human beings that is holistic, comparative, field-based, and evolutionary. Anthropologists gather a wide range of information from multiple cultures, compare cultural practices, incorporate other disciplines, and join in cultural practices to determine “who they [the people being studied] are and why they do what they do” (Lavenda 2012). Cultural anthropology specifically assumes that culture the individual and communities. Culture is defined
Kallen Brunson In the article, “How Race becomes Biology: Embodiment of Social Inequality” by Clarence C. Gravlee, Gravlee argues that race, and the assumption of race in everyday life, makes the difference in biology much more clear and affects the life cycles of people due to their perceived race (Gravlee, 51). The author provides, using both his research and others’, an argument against the complete notion that race is only a social construct (Gravlee, 53). Through a series of statements, Gravlee states that race shouldn’t simply be excluded from anthropological discussion, but incorporated into present views regarding healthcare and impacts on society.
Race and sociologic construction are viewed that way because sociologist believe that race is not only the color of our skin, but also how we were brought up. Our cultural differences and our environmental difference play a role on how we act. An example would be if you have a person of color, brought up in a small town with all Caucasian, that person will behave more like the Caucasian they are around. If you take a Caucasian and raise him or her in Mexico.
In the article, “What We Mean When We Say ‘Race Is a Social Construct’,” Ta-Nehisi Coates asserts that the idea of race is that “puts hundreds pf millions under domination” (Coates, p. 3). The definition of race is “the classification of humans into groups based on physical traits, ancestry, genetics or social relations, or the relations between them.” Liberals often say “truly stupid things like race has to biological element” (Coates, p. 6). William Z. Ripley wrote a story which desired to “delineate racial difference through head type” (Coates, p. 4). Coates states that “race does not need biology.
For centuries people have always compared one another in all aspects, analyzing and debating every feature. When looking at the “white” person race comes into play. According to Debra J. Dickerson it comes down to the biological viewpoint of wanting to be better then someone. To become greater than others whites established supremacy and dominance to ensure they are better race. This is the creation of whiteness.
When there are shared assumptions or opinions about the real world it can be considered a social construction, because society made it that way. No matter how we look at it and no matter what the time period is, when it comes to race it will always be an edgy topic. Race is something that takes caution because everyone interprets things in their own way and that’s just the way it is. Sadly, racism and stereotypes although I don’t think it will be around forever it will probably be around for a long time because, for the most part it’s unfortunately passed on through generations. Race is looked at as a social construction sometimes because people always want to label someone as a specific color.