Throughout all of the Pacific Theatre the Allies use a myriad of tactics to defeat the Japanese. Japan’s naval mistakes were beyond costly in the entire Pacific Theatre. First, was Japan’s failure at the battle of Midway. Admiral Yamamoto was awfully uninformed about the US Pacific Fleet’s position. Yamamoto believed he could eliminate the US at Midway and move down the Aleutian chain to Hawaii and have FDR sue for peace.
This was the start of the long invasion of Iwo Jima. The Battle of Iwo Jima was fought between the Japanese army and the United States Marine Corps (USMC). The battle, known to the USMC as "Operation Detachment", started on February 19, 1945 and lasted until March 26, 1945 when the last Japanese soldiers were captured or killed. Japan knew that the importance of defending Iwo Jima as its loss would facilitate American air raids against Japanese Home Islands. However Imperial Japanese Navy had already lost almost all of its power and could not prevent U.S. from landing.
“The Battle of Midway is considered the turning point for the Japanese-American conflict in World War II. It was an important win for America and resulted in numerous Japanese loses” (“Battle of Midway”). On January 14, 1942, the Japanese decided to destroy the American naval fleet, a feat which had not been achieved during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Midway was recommended by the Japanese generals. This battle, if won, could open the opportunity of invading Hawaii and forcing America to surrender.
Instead of another decisive victory at Midway Atoll, a Carrier Strike Force from the Pacific Fleet intercepted the Combine Fleet. The United States Pacific Fleet, under the command of Admiral Chester Nimitz had gained intelligence of the Japanese June 4th attack. From Pearl Harbor, Nimitz sent the Carrier Strike Force, which included Task Force 17, commanded by commanded by Rear Admiral Frank Fletcher, Task Force 16, commanded by Rear Admiral Raymond Spruance. Since Fletcher was the senior, he also commanded the Carrier Strike Force. Task Force 17 included one carrier, two cruisers, and five destroyers, while Task Force 16 contained two carriers, five cruisers, one light cruiser, and eight destroyers.
“Seeing there was nothing I can do for the lieutenant, I continued to my battle station” is the feeling you get when learning about Pearl Harbor. It was the end of 1941, and America felt it was an untouchable world power. Little did they know that Japan was going to attack them. On December 7, 1941 the Japanese came with their fleet and ambushed Pearl Harbor, which not only killed and wounded many Americans but also changed American history. It weakened America to the point that it lost its sense of invincibility, power and security.
Lastly with so many Americans losing their lives America officially joined World War II. After Japan had all but openly declared war on America, American citizens and military personnel were in an uproar. To add on to that unquenchable fury not only did Japanese Imperial Navy attack Pearl Harbor it also attacked all of the american outposts in the Pacific. After the japanese attacks on the american outposts Japan occupied all of the formerly american protected territory. Even more anger formed from the fact that japanese prison camps were notoriously cruel to the prisoners incarcerated therein.
The next task at hand for MacArthur was working as a lieutenant general and commander of U.S. forces in Far East in July 1941. The norm for MacArthur was working overseas because of the experience he had in human resources. At the end of the year, December 1941, the Japanese invasion of America occurred, which defeated his forces in the Philippines badly. This event is known as Pearl Harbor and affected the Philippines because America had already been not happy about Japan’s expansion in the Pacific and American whad been interested in the Philippines. The American society knows Pearl Harbor as Japanese planes attacking the United State Naval Base in Hawaii Territory on December 7, 1941.
The Kamikaze, officially Tokubetsu Kogekitai, were suicide attack units formed by young conscripts and volunteers from the Empire of Japan against allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of the Second World War. They were first designed to destroy warships more effectively than conventional attacks. However, did the Kamikaze force really reverse the situation? The answer is negative. In fact, the Kamikaze force was a desperate last resort of the Japanese government, not only did not bring the presumed advantages for the Japanese navy, but actually accelerated their defeat.
Midway Island is situated approximately three thousand miles from the west coast of the United States. There was hardly any vegetation, resources, and inhabitants; however, being in middle of the pacific, the Japanese considered this atoll to be a great strategic location into conquering the Hawaiian archipelago. Their planned ambush leads to the battle of Midway. This battle is considered to be “one of the most decisive U.S victories against Japan During World War II”. The Japanese and the United States had conflict between each other due to a previous attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.
(Laver, 329) The effective use of aircraft in sea warfare was demonstrated in the pacific campaign, where the Japanese used air power at the start of the war in the attack on Pearl Harbour and also against British ships. (Pearson, 163) This is considered to be of importance as the Japanese hoped to disrupt allied shipping from reaching the Pacific in order to stop any resources from coming in. In 1942, it seemed as if though the Japanese were successful in the war. However, the success of the USA in the battle of Coral Sea and Midway put the Japanese into a state in which they could not recover from. The Americans success was largely due to their shipbuilding capability, as the Japanese shipbuilding capability was limited.