Dred Scott Vs SandFord The case, Dred Scott vs Sandford, (1857) better known as the Dred Scott case was a crucial decision that affected America and it’s black population. Free blacks in America weren’t able to sue the court. The concept of popular sovereignty was also questioned, and blacks with ancestors were imported to America was slave could no longer become citizens. The Case ruled that slaves in free countries are still slaves.
Stephen Douglas a former member of the Senate, drafted a new guide for a resolution which was in turned called the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. Again, an attempt sent forth to eradicate the feud between north and south only let to more mishap. The Kansas- Nebraska Act caused a heap of dismay within the land. The Act led to a tragedy referred to as Bleeding Kansas, which was a period of violence during the settling of Kansas territory. The Act overturned the Missouri Compromise’s use of latitude as the boundary between slave and free territory and instead, relied on the principle of popular sovereignty, declared that the residents would determine whether the area became a free state or a slave
The trial of the Scottsboro boys was a trial that was the cause of two white women accusing nine black men of raping them. Their appeals, retrials, and legal proceedings attracted the attention of the nation and produced to Supreme Court rulings in their favor. The Scottsboro boys trial demonstrates that nonconformity to unjust practices can lead to justice for all people because their trial triggered The Supreme Court ruling that had a major impact on the American system of laws for the right to adequate counsel, the ruling for the right to not be excluded from a jury based on race, and still has a continuing effect in our own time which affirms the principle of equal protection under the law. Their case not only saved them from the death sentence but also started up debate about equal protection under the law such as in the first Supreme Court ruling.
The Results of Dred Scott v Sanford had different effects on American history. This also contributed to the start of the civil war. Dred Scott v Sanford was a court decision on if Dred Scott could sue for his freedom. " According to Supreme Court History, Dred Scott could not sue for his freedom because he was not a citizen. " This was otherwise known as an illegal case.
Plessy v Fergusen was yet another court case where “separate but equal” was not implementing equality. It showed that they still thought of Black men and women as being less and not deserving the same rights as the White men. Homer Plessy was a free man, that was mainly White and because of a percentage he had of being Black he was treated as a Black man. He tried to sit in the train car of the White men and much like Rosa Parks was asked to go to the back where the Black men belonged in a different car. This case resulted in the Supreme Court defending the decision of the East Louisiana Railroad stating that they weren't violating any law by the ruling they had. This court case showed that even if Plessy was a part White because he was a part
Bleeding Kansas" was the nickname given to the conflicts the came about this time and helped pave a path for the American Civil War. Douglas stated that he wanted to see Nebraska form into a territory and band with the southern states and allow slavery. If Kansas was to allow slavery, that would break the rules of the Missouri Compromise. For the
Missourians then began to flood Kansas, resulting in a pro-slavery majority in the territory legislature, resulting in Kansas becoming a legalized slave state. This outraged the Free states and caused them to elect their own delegates to the constitution convention in Topeka. They tried to petition congress for statehood, and President Pierce denounced the Free State group. Pierce also sights them as traitors, showing he is backing pro slavery territorial legislature. When this happened the pro slavery marshal assembled a large posse to arrest them.
Brown v. Board of education. This is about the racial separation in Kansas. In Kansas they did not let whites and blacks go to the same places like school, restaurants and bathrooms. They would have two places they would have one bathroom for white men/women and then a separate bathroom that was run down and old for black men/women. But this is about how they would not let them go to the same school.
The forefathers of the United States built this country on the ideals of freedom and equality for all people. Unfortunately, the fight for equality and freedom did not end with the revolutionary war. The fight has continued throughout the decades. Many of these issues were fought in the courtroom. Auburn University created an online Alabama Encyclopedia, there, the following quote stated, “Scottsboro became an international cause celebre that dramatically encapsulated the American south troubled post reconstruction history of legal and extralegal racial violence, the social and political upheaval of the great depression, and the lingering cultural divide between the north and south.”
“We all should know that diversity makes for a rich tapestry, and we must understand that all the threads of the tapestry are equal in value no matter what their color.”, says Maya Angelou putting in the spotlight the judgment of people based on how they look. The cases of Dred Scott vs. Sanford, Plessy vs. Ferguson, and Loving vs. Virginia all attempt to prove this point during the civil rights movement. These cases also make apparent the segregation of blacks in the court system. In 1864, the question of having freedom was brought into the courtroom by Dred and Harriet Scott in St. Louis City. Dred and Harriet Scott had been held captive in free territory and then brought back to a slave state.
Clearly, America has been shaped by the Scottsboro trials. Racism was shown to have a heavy impact on Americas history and has changed many lives in past and present years. Events like these, whether positive or negative, are what shapes America's
Republicans now viewed the Court as controlled by the Slave Power. The Southern Democrats are convinced that they could not trust their party’s most popular northern leader. The reputation of the Supreme Court sank to the lowest level in all of American history. The Dread Scott decision contradicted the Missouri compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850 because it said that Congress possessed no power under the Constitution
The court case Dred Scott vs. Sanford — 1856 to 1857 — was vital regarding the lives of enslaved or non-liberated African Americans. The outcome of this trial changed the perspective of slaves all across the United States. Rights concerning liberated and enslaved Americans from Africa were declared and enforced in this case. In 1833, John Emerson — a medical surgen of the US Army — purchased a slaved named Dred Scott.