The Dreyfus Model Of Skill Acquisition

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Benner’s model, From Novice to Expert, offers a theoretical framework that would guide the project. Based on “The Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition,” that was originally meant for the pilots, the theory examines advancement in skill performance based on education, career progression, knowledge development, and experience (Benner, 1984). In Benner’s model, the theorist introduced a concept that expert nurses often acquire their skills and level of understanding of patient care through clinical experiences with a sound educational base.
She identified five stages. Novice is the first stage as the beginner lack any experience of the clinical situations that are expected to work in (Bernner, 1984). They learn the rules and procedures to execute
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These nurses understand situations in totality due to their grasp of long-term goals. The holistic understanding enhances the ability of a nurse to make effective decisions. The last stage is expert. An expert is highly proficient, flexible, and has a fluid performance. Engaging students through exposure to clinical situation allows them to understand what is required of them in the clinical setting. This draws from Benner’s model that affirms that a combination of knowledge and experience offers opportunities for clinical decision making and ability to think critically about issues (Benner, Hughes, & Sutphen, 2008). Developing critical thinking skills allows undergraduate nursing students to develop from novice to…show more content…
The simulation lab allows the students to acquire essential competencies and technical skills as they see the consequence of their clinical decision real-time. It will also allow students to improve their skills and performance when they observe their colleagues who have succeeded in mastering the essential skills. High fidelity simulation boasts the moral of students as they are not worried about committing mistakes because it is merely a mannequin (Livesay et al., 2015). Rather, the technology allows them to repeat the clinical procure until they master it. The students learn mistakes and make corrections immediately. By so doing, the educators allow the undergraduates to make mistakes during learning practice and not when they are providing real nursing care. The key variables under study include high-fidelity simulation as the main independent variable. The independent variables include the essential competencies outlined in the Standards of Practice including clinical decision making and critical thinking skills.
Definition of Terms Nursing Faculty: Professor who teaches nursing in a bachelor level at the Interamerican University of Puerto Rico.
Simulation: A technique used "to replace or amplify real experiences with guided experiences that evoke or replicate substantial aspect of the real world in a fully

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