The Ecological System Theory: The Ecology Of Child Development

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Child development attributes to the biological, psychological and emotional changes that take place in human beings between birth and adolescence, as the individual advances from dependency to being independent. It is an ongoing process with an expected sequence yet having a unique course for every child. It does not progress at the same rate and each stage is influenced by the different types of development. Developmental may be highly caused by genetic factors and events during pregnancy life, genetics and pregnancy development are basically included as a study of a child’s development. Developmental changes may appear as a result of genetically-controlled processes known as maturation or even as an environmental factors and learning, but…show more content…
The four systems are microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem and macrosystem. Each system contains roles, norms and rules that can powerfully shape development. Since its publication in 1979, Bronfenbrenner’s major statement of this theory, The Ecology of Human Development has had widespread influence on the way psychologists and others approach the study of human beings and their environments. As a result of this influence of development, these environments from the family to economic and political structures have come to be viewed as part of the life course from childhood through…show more content…
Piaget’s first interest were those that dealt with the ways in which animals adapt to their environments and his first scientific article about this subject was published when he was 10 years old. Piaget believed the origin of knowledge came from Psychology, so he traveled to Paris and began working on the first “standard intelligence test” at Alfred Binet laboratories, this influenced his career greatly. As he carried out this intelligence testing he began developing a profound interest in the way children’s intellectualism works. This led to Piaget to develop four main stages of cognitive development which are sensorimotor stage (birth to age 2), preoperational stage (age 2 to 7), concrete-operational stage (ages 7 to 12) and formal-operational stage (ages 11 to 12, and
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