However, nowadays, globalization due to the Industrial Revolution and the advances in transport and technologies has reached an unprecedented scope. Globalization can be explained in mainly 3 different areas: in politic, social and economic terms. In politic terms, globalization can refer to the shift of political activities from a single-nation level to a global level and it has been created international organization such as the United Nations. It has also tried to spread democracies all over the world. Social globalization describes an exchange of values, ideas and it has facilitated the promotion of equality, dignity and human rights.
In the late 1980s, globalization theory started to emerge as the new forms of capitalist hegemony appeared (Savage, Bagnall and Longhurst, 2004). Globalization is a process of encouraging closer political, economic, social interaction and break down or reducing the trade barriers between countries (Mittelman, 2000). It can be divided into two main categories: globalization of markets and globalization or production. Globalization of markets is a process of the worldwide market integration and has created a global market place (due to countries are reducing trade barriers). For example, in this 21st century, products that we consume or access are no longer from just one person, company or place but globally as the presence of the global market
In the contemporary society, there are an increasing number of people involved in the globalisation. I choose the topic of international trade. And in the following paragraphs, I am going to introduce what is international trade, other possible benefits of trading globally and the bottom line. (Heakal 2015) Thanks to the international trade that allows us to expand the market for goods and services. And also, as a result of international trade, the market contains greater competition with more competitive price and cheaper products.
1.0 Introduction This assignment is mainly focus on the Globalization of the world economy. At the beginning of the assignment I have given a brief discussion about what is Globalization & middle of the assignment it is all about the drivers of the Globalization. The drivers of the Globalization include two main factors as declining of the trade barriers & technological developments. At the end of the assignment I have divided the essay in to two main areas as one to describe the benefits of the Globalization & one to describe the cost of globalization. In those divisions I have discussed the factors by focusing on the perspective of country & perspective of the business.
During this process while the free flow of capital has risen, trade has transformed into a more liberalized version and consumer habits have gotten to be like each other. Connections have been created among industries and businesses, cooperation between transnational enterprises has developed and foreign speculations have been started. All through this procedure, even the shut economies have opened up for direct foreign investment (Nunnenkamp, 2002). Investments have extraordinary importance as far as expanding of countries ' GDP particularly foreign investments. Foreign investment, investable assets can be characterized as moving to another country by individuals and firms.
International trade is also knows as a globe trade which give the country opportunity to expands their markets for both good and services that otherwise may not have been available in other countries. This type of trade also give advantages for world to rise the economy in term of prices, supply and customer demands, affect and are affected by global events. All of the good and services can be found on international market. International trade will involve two types of process which be export and import. Export is a function of international trade in which the goods produced in a country will be sent to another country for future sale or trade.
According to Arnett (2002), there are major issues related to identity, which develop due to globalization. The first is the development of a bicultural identity or perhaps a hybrid identity, which means that part of one’s identity is rooted in the local culture while another part stems from an awareness of one’s relation to the global world. The development of global identities is no longer just a part of immigrants and ethnic minorities. People today especially the young develop an identity that gives them a sense of belonging to a worldwide culture, which includes an awareness of events, practices, styles and information that are a part of the global culture. Media such as television and especially the Internet, which allows for instant communication with any place in the world, play an important part in developing a global identity.
At the same time, the world has also become interdependent due to trade relations. Major countries in the world trade with each other so as to ensure maximum productivity. Trade laws have been established through international organizations dictating the extent of trade relations. Imports
In my essay I will talk about different business strategies which companies can adopt in case of responding to issues of globalization. First of all I would like to define all the terms that will appear in my essay. Globalization is the global evolution toward economic, financial, trade, and communications integration which implies the opening of regional and nationalistic perspectives to a wide attitude of an interconnected and interdependent world with free transfer of capital, goods, and services across domestic frontiers. Growth strategy is a strategy aimed at winning greater market share, even at the expense of short-term profit. If we consider globalization process according to SWOT analysis, we will obtain its strengths, weaknesses,