The fictional world is full of chaos, as people tend to prefer unstable theories to countless philosophies. Specifically, there is a literary shift from linearity and order to randomness and fragmentation. Consequently, Postmodernist writers understand that their works are subject to interpretation; however, they believe that the flexibility of understanding in texts is the basis for the development of innovative ideas in society. Moreover, Kurt Dinan writes in a nonlinear, flexible fashion by writing with a component of Mystery. Subsequently, the reader can make different predictions on what will occur throughout Don’t Get Caught, and the ability to predict and analyze uniquely is one of the principal ideals of Postmodernist literature.
As Helen Cixous suggests, Gilman “breaks up truth with laughter.” (11) Although it was written hundred years ago yet it has so much relevance in the contemporary world. By strongly criticizing the culture and tradition of outside world, Gilman has brought this imaginary world with a feminist perspective. She has presented in her novel that, gender difference, suppression and oppression of women, sexual harassment, rape, will continue throughout the years. Gilman’s works are strongly embedded and connected with women like Women and Economics, Concerning Children, The home: Its work and Influence and many more. Herland depicts the breakdown of isolated society and expresses the changed ideas and the conflict between the outside world and their world.
Instead, she parodies and undercuts them, with subtle causticness, and ridicule. Austen’s priority when writing Northanger Abbey was to defend the novel as a genre, whilst also addressing the concept of ‘reading’ itself. Essentially, by writing in the style of the gothic, she emphasised the ordinariness of the domestic gothic and, patriarchal domestic
When both ideals and mindsets reflect a disagreement between conservative and progressive principles, one will find it impossible to satisfy both demands. In his novel, Oxherding Tale, Charles Johnson exemplifies his unique perspective on the ambiguity of freedom through the main character, Andrew Hawkins. For the duration of his journey, Hawkins gains a sense of freedom, but not in the way he imagines it to be. Aida Ahmed Hussen’s article, “‘Manumission and Marriage?’: Freedom, Family, and Identity in Charles Johnson’s Oxherding Tale,” expresses Hawkins’ clash between his conservative mindset and progressive ideals. Indeed, Andrew abandons both his progressive and conservative views and creates a new identity, which, on a larger scale, suggests that Andrew must go against his values and ideals in order to obtain a taste of freedom.
At that moment, as readers and updaters of the written text, we have fallen into the trap which the author has designed and prepared for us. In other words, we are a transposition of the victim, and his fears, sleeplessness, need to explain what happened, anguish, fears... are ours. Therefore, the story has stopped being fantastic to become possible, or even worse, real. Thus, if the aim of any framed text in the so-called detective fiction is to elicit in the reader certain uneasiness or anguish because of the possibility that a fact outside the established
What is deconstruction in literature? According to Merriam Webster, a deconstructionist literary criticism is a “philosophical or critical method which asserts that meanings, metaphysical constructs, and hierarchical are always rendered unstable by their dependence on ultimately arbitrary signifiers” (Merriam). In other words, a deconstructionist literary criticism looks at the book as a whole and deconstructs the pieces of the novel and how they may seem unstable when compared to the whole meaning. This mindset is exhibited in that of The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka. Franz Kafka leaves many aspects of the novel unexplained and he includes details that are unstable to the meaning of the novel as a whole.
Both Kurt Vonnegut and Sherman Alexie utilize unreliable narrators in this exact fashion with their novels “Slaughterhouse-Five” and “Flight”. Throughout Flight and Slaughterhouse Five, both authors utilize this element in order to push forth their intended theme of anti-violence. Throughout their respective plots, we can see evidence of Billy Pilgrim, the main character of Vonnegut’s novel, and Zits, the protagonist of Alexie’s story, both being unreliable narrators due to confirmation throughout each novel and the wild ideas within each character’s minds. Furthermore, we can connect the existence of the two character’s status of unreliable narrators to show how their unreliability is used in order to weave both novel’s themes of
The Dialectic between the Written and the Spoken Word in Maddaddam Postmodern literature is interested, resides many things, in emphasizing the artificiality of any created work. For this purpose, the postmodern writers use different Tools like metafiction and dynamic stasis. The use of these also results in making the reader question the way the entire world is percieved through created works. In Maddaddam by Margaret Atwood, the narrative voice presents transcriptions of oral myths in the making. These trascriptions fall in the definition of dynamic stasis coined by Linda Hutcheon.
Barry Lewis states that “The postmodernist writer distrusts the wholeness and completion associated with traditional stories, and prefers to deal with other ways of structuring narrative.” (Stuart Sim (ed.) 2001: 127). In this essay, I shall attempt to show how the ‘wholeness and completion’ of the conventional Victorian novel is disrupted over the narrative of Fowles’s The French Lieutenant’s Woman by drawing a number of examples out of the numerous that can be traced in the novel. The first distinct element that the reader notices in the narrative is the use of quotation references preceding the beginning of each chapter. The use of these epigraphs reinforces the Victorian ‘feeling’ of the story, and certainly, it also aims to recreate the Victorian context in relation to the current perspective.
This paper seeks to offer an intrinsic analysis of the play, illustrating a society that promotes sexism, sexist exploitation and depression. The paper will use the feminist literary theory adopting key concepts: patriarchy, heteronormativity and queer theory in highlighting these instances. The writer used the text, “In the chest of a woman”, as a social commentary to highlight barriers women face in their effort to achieve their desires. As an illustration of the stated theme, Nana Yaa Kyeretwie desired to possess power, however, she being a woman placed her on a disadvantaged side as her younger brother was bestowed with the Ebusa Kingdom. The queen mother told her, “…but you are not a man” when she insisted that she wanted to rule the whole kingdom.