“THE GENERATORS OF CITY DIVERSITY” BY JANE JACOBS Phạm Nguyên Thảo Student ID: 14510673775 Urban planning plays an important role in city life, especially in a dynamic economy and environment of the city nowadays. Because of the rise in number of crime, pollution, traffic jam,…, many cities are looking for new solutions to deal with these ever growing problems. In the past, many urban planners tried to create perfect cities to completely replace the old cities, for example Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City, or Le Corbusier’s Radiant City. Nevertheless, recent planning has switched from strict building codes and grand schemes, to a more community-based approach that focuses on improving community life and the environment in which people live in. Besides, developing cities also face the threat of losing their diversity and identities.
Accordingly, it leads to crucial effects on social, economic and physical developments in urban areas. (Fadzil, 2014). The study on seasonal migration is relatively important for urban planning purposes. This is because of seasonal migration is relevant to the development policy of urban planning (Obudho, 1994). Generally, its relevance is referred to two aspects or issues in urban and fringe area perspectives: (a) contribution of internal migration on urban growth as well as the pace level of urbanization (Pacione, 2001), and (b) negative implications of internal migration on urban areas such as urban sprawl, squatters and slum areas, poverty, and pollution (Skeldon, 2002, Yaakup et al., 2000).
INTRODUCTION What Is Urban Renewal? Urban renewal, which is generally called urban regeneration ("regeneration" in the United Kingdom), ("revitalization" in the United States), is a program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use. Renewal has had both successes and failures. Its modern incarnation began in the late 19th century in developed nations and experienced an intense phase in the late 1940s – under the rubric of reconstruction. The process has had a major impact on many urban landscapes, and has played an important role in the history and demographics of cities around the world.
CHAPTER TWO: LITERARTURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction Urban Development is the science of managing and directing city growth with respects to the discipline of land utilization planning which explores a very wide range of aspects of the built and social environments. Urban development process is a highly complicated process containing various phases. As a main core of the process, urban design gives numbers of proposed plans that are called alternatives. It is worthy to mention that the decision making concerning differentiating between these alternatives is the most crucial phase of urban development process; as accordingly the adaptation and implantation of urban plans can take place. Urban projects have many problems that are surely affect the assessment processes of alternatives and therefore the choice of their best.
STREETS FOR PEOPLE, AN APPROACH TOWARDS A BETTER FUTURE OF THE CITY DALIA ABDEL MONEIM OSMAN ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, ARCHITECTURE DEPT., FACULTY OF FINE ARTS, HELWAN UNIVERSITY, EGYPT ABSTRACT One important aspect of the urban context of the city is its streets, in which the space environment of the street plays a significant role. Each city has a unique profile and characterized travel network where traffic has serious effects on the inhabitants, and unfortunately many city streets have been designed mainly to accommodate motor traffic only. However, the importance of planning for people in cities has been acknowledged recently, especially planning for walking as a travel mode. Pedestrians enliven city life; different interactions take
Pune is caught in a vicious whirlpool of unplanned growth,where one factor is lead in to another into a cyclic process.Economic growth has lead to population explosion.The new entrants in the city do not have affordable housing in the city.Cheaper land prices on the outskirts is expanding the city limits.Lack of urban infrastructure and transport is leading to longer travel trips and travel time with impact on environment and emissions.Increased number of personalized vehicles is creating traffic congestions at every junction and also rise in road accidents.This vicious circle needs to be cut and strategies need to be planned for healthier and safer life of residents.Following are strategies which can improve the scenario of
Two different area standing side by side separated by status and rights. The development and management of sustainable urban agglomerations are major challenges on a global scale. The most significant part of my academic journey as my concern in city inequality was working with informal settlement to develop an alternative design and to upgrade the settlement of the Winongo and Gajahwong riverside settlement in Yogyakarta together with Arkom Jogja. The term of informal settlement always remain a negative impression to most of the city image. Informal area, which somehow mixed with slum area, considers being an obstacle for a city to grow better, and then we try to create defensive architecture: designing the informal out of cities.
Policy makers need to adopt a circumspect approach to evaluate prior policies, pilot projects and do vigorous research to ensure better chances of success. The policy as enunciated in the earlier chapter should also include sustainable development. Environmental impacts should also be assessed while designing policies. Large scale affordable housing is the greatest necessity of urban India today. Lack of affordable housing in Indian cities has resulted in proliferation of slums and unorganised real estate.
Abstract: Planning, design and implementation of traffic infrastructure is a complex task especially when it is done for infrastructure located in urban areas because it depends on different factors and interests. This is why the solutions have to be evaluated by different type of criteria (traffic, economic, environmental and social). For this purpose during last decades multi-criteria methods came into use and numerous methods have been developed which are classified as multi-criteria analysis methods (e.g. PROMETHEE, TOPSIS, and AHP). In this paper the overview of how the multi-criteria analysis method AHP - Analytic Hierarchy Process is used as decision making tool in the process of transportation planning.
3. Pollution Prone to increased air pollution due to the concentration of infrastructure in the area which have serious repercussions on the environment. Section 2 (25%) Pick: ONE CONTINENT FROM THE GLOBAL NORTH (Choose Europe OR Northern America OR Oceania) and ONE CONTINENT FROM THE GLOBAL SOUTH (Choose Asia OR Africa OR Latin America and the Caribbean) For the Global North continent: What is the trend with regards to urban population and city