“Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force” Dictionary Definition of Imperialism. In 1750 - 1900, European countries wanted to build empires all over the world; they wanted to provide materials for industrialization. Even though European countries, like France, Great Britain and Portugal, had very few establishments in Africa, they were constantly trading with them. Later, as Europeans tried conquer African land, native people became frustrated and upset; in response to imperialism. As Europeans states industrialized, they wanted to expand overseas and establish colonies in Africa.
European leaders then became aware of two things: Africa was contained with natural resources, and a scramble of the riches could begin a war between European nations. At the Berlin Conference in 1885, European Nations claimed parts of the African continent through rule of occupation. Though they did not consider the land claims of Africans, they did agree to specific principles concerning colonization, which included free trade, and improving the moral and material well being of Africans. Before European nations stayed away from the African continent, and now powers such as England, France, and Germany want large amounts of land of Africa. Several reasons European nations began to colonize Africa included political competition and ideological superiority; however, economic profit was the primary driving force to imperialize Africa.
According to the excerpt, by colonizing Africa, Europeans added to the prosperity and wealth of these lands and destroyed famine and disease. The colonists also said that from their imperialism, they ended human sacrifices, slave trade, and inter-tribal war. When European imperialists colonized Africa, they did not help them as much as they thought that they did. They helped themselves more than anything. The colonists brought schools and Christianity to try and teach the Africans that their way of life was superior.
African delegates were not in attendance while European nations debated their future. Elizabeth Heath from Oxford References writes, “During the 1870s and early 1880s European nations such as Great Britain, France, and Germany began looking to Africa for natural resources for their growing industrial sectors as well as a potential market for the goods these factories produced.” The European nations were unconcerned with the cultural consequences of their actions in Africa. They were only focused on improving their economies through Africa 's resources and consumer market. This treatment caused Africa to suffer due to their lack of independence. Africa continued to suffer over time reaching to modern times where parts of it are considered developing countries.
(Achebe 129)” Chenowa Achebe speaks his thoughts on imperialism here by saying that even though the white imperialists thought they were doing good, they didn’t bother to even try to understand the natives’ feelings towards them. Although imperialism brought government stability and education, the long term effects of imperialism in Africa were negative because natives were made slaves, borders were poorly placed, and European religion/education was forced upon them. All in all, British Imperialism hurt Africa much more than it
The Europeans thought that the African civilization was undisciplined so they took over their economy, they then used it to gain more raw materials and bring in more industrialization (Document 6). The Europeans also took over business by closing African markets and making their own Document 4). This helped this Europeans start to take over African land, now that they had control of their markets and
Europeans took Africans at will, taking people who would be leading societies in Africa, removing the best of individuals from societies that needed them for their functioning. By doing so, indirectly Europeans hindered the development of African societies and caused them to stagnate. Routes like the Triangular Trade were established, which shipped goods to Africa in exchange for slaves, and shipped those slaves to the New World for production of even more goods. When the Europeans had showed up to Africa, major trade hubs that spanned the Sahara to Egypt, existed, trading spices, salt, and other luxuries (Lect. 2, 1/22).
The definition of imperialism is an action by a strong nation to take control of another country. According to CDC Malaria is a “mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite”. Between the late 1500’s and the early 1800’s Europeans didn’t enter Africa, because of the disease malaria.This ended during the 1800’s European countries such as France, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Portuguese, Belgium, and spain imperialised Africa. “What was the driving force behind the imperialism in africa?” This question is still being asked and there are many opinions about this specific question, but there is one answer. The driving force behind European imperialism in Africa is resources.
Another things that made African states not to benefit most in the trade is that, they export raw material or minerals because they lack means to process those raw material into finished goods and services. Therefore, those raw materials that are being exported, the African states import them back as manufactured and finished goods and they import them at higher cost compared to the profit they received when exporting
How does Heart of Darkness comment on the theme Imperialism? Imperialism in general refers to the power of a country over another country or the power of a person over another person. According to Evans the Scramble for Africa (1880-1900) was the era of imperialism. The Europeans leaders were fighting among themselves to colonize the African continent because Africa was rich in ivory. In 1884 Berlin Conference was held to decide the future of Africa.