Instead, corruption has direct effect on economic and governance indicators, this direct effect in turn cause poverty. Therefore, the relationship between corruption and poverty examined here is an indirect one. Hence they developed two models; The “economic model” shows that corruption impact poverty by first affecting the economic growth indicators, which
Improvement in corruption is mostly associated with better fiscal performance (resulting in decreases in deficit and debt). (iii) The third strand finds ambiguous effects of corruption, suggesting decreasing corruption either increase or decrease public investment, depending on the country and its
Corruption may be defined simply as the misuse of entrusted power for private gain . The financial resource involves in these corrupt deals could have been channelled into useful project that will help to stimulating growth and development in African country. It is also important to take note of the fact that no single regime or government in Africa after independence has been excluded from corruption saga, being rumour or truth. Taking Ghana for instance, there were corruption rumours levelled against ex-President Kufuor regime of purchasing a mansion (Hotel
Corruption has always been an obstacle on the government reform agenda for decades. It constraints development and causes conflict and was one of the obstacles to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Even now too, it is one of the obstacles to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Corruption weakens the efficiency, effectiveness and probity of the public sector and it affects the whole society. Unfortunately, poor people are the greatest victims of the corruption.
Corruption is a major challenge to sustainable development in Africa (Le Billon, P. (2008). The socio-political and economic system in many African countries are generally known to be inextricably rooted and entrenched in corruption. The African countries have also become dependent on foreign Aid donors. Ending corruption in Africa is the paramount responsibility of African leader, many who have failed to make a difference between the poor contemporary Africa and the Africa without corruption. From this point of view, African leaders are not doing the best to end corruption and engage in a real development of the continent.
Ginsberg and Green (1986) discuss why money possibly influences members of Congress, thus possibly affecting the outcome of certain principles. In addition to corruption affecting the poorest sections of society, the effect of corruption on politics is that it renders the state incapacitated and powerless. Corruption is damaging to the state’s ability to extract taxes, to implement coherent and rational development policies, to redistribute among groups and consequently to its ability to transform the society and the economy according to political priorities. The capacity of the state to extract taxes would be erode when individuals and groups are able to pay their way out, and certainly when public officials are embezzling revenues. When bureaucratic regulations are reorganized, manipulated and operate in a confusing manner, the methods are there to enable bureaucrats to easily collect bribes.
It destroy lives, causes incredible pain, suffering and eventually will undermine Africa 's future by chasing away ceaselessly abilities and undercutting the gains. Crime is caused by the high unemployment rate, poverty in African countries and also the children that they do not have parents or guidance. The government must try and increase the number of police so that they can fight crime. BIBLIOGRAPHY • Anon.2011. Poverty and Crime: Breaking the vicious cycle.
The face of poverty also includes unregistered street vendors on pavements. There are many historical factors which have contributed to poverty in South Africa. Colonialism played a major role in causing poverty. By the end of the 18th century European colonists had settled in South Africa and exploited its natural minerals and wealth. Today Africa, as a whole receive 50 billion US dollars in aid and 40 billion dollars for development.
Among the factors the occurrence of corruption is the weak leadership of an individual who is a selfish. Individuals with poor leadership, not self-confident and easily influenced by others to corruption. They are easily bribed with various luxuries such as property, money, position. Corruptions cause people to lose confidence in the people and the leadership of the organization. That is, society is increasingly individualistic and materialistic.
Corruption is a misuse of public office for personal advantage and it is often indicative of wider governance issues hurting economic evolution (Zekos, 2004). It can erode the functioning of countries around the world and lower the efficiency of production having a destructive effect on a country’s economic and political system. Governments of the countries need to make themselves engaged in anti-corruption attempts. Corruption introduces disorganizations that reduce ability and performance by limiting the number of bidders, advocating those with inside connections over the ultimate efficient candidates, limiting the information accessibleto participants, and initiating added transactions costs. (Ishola, 2012) Corruption is a socially repulsive, ethically wrong and economically damaging behavior.