The Effect Of Music On Memory Processes

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Many psychologists are interested in the study of memory processes. Memory processes include encoding, storage and retrieval. Encoding and storage are the first parts of the memory process; when an individual sees, hears, feels, smells or taste something, the brain will convert that idea so that it can be stored in the brain as a memory. Retrieval refers to the process of remembering a memory that was previously encoded and stored in the brain. Research on memory processes is related to cognitive psychology. Copious amounts of research have been conducted to determine possible factors that may affect these memory processes. Common factors that are studied include background noises and music. This is an important area of investigation as music is very popular amongst students. Therefore, it is important to know whether listening to music while studying improves or deteriorates memory ability. It is an interesting area of investigation as there are many contradicting theories proposed by different psychologists on the effects of music on memory processes.…show more content…
Kiger demonstrated that complexity and loudness of the music may influence an individuals recall ability. He claims that the arousal the music produces may affect the cognitive performance of an individual. Loud and complex music may produce tension or anxiety which could perhaps deteriorate the individuals performance. Less complex music will produce less anxiety and tension and will therefore have less of an impact on
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