1.4 Africa is known as one of the richest part of the world yet it is also the poorest region when it comes to hunger and poverty despite the natural wealth and aid flow. Some parts of Africa are rich while some are poor such as the sub-Saharan area; every third African does not have enough food. This is because Africa faces major environmental problems including desertification,
These causes lead to many effects and will end in dire consequences if we don’t help these unfortunate beings. We, the fortunate dwellers of America, can help these people in many ways, but first, let’s look at their problem. Poverty in Africa increases dramatically leading into the 21st century, due to a few root causes. African native people own very little land compared to those descendants of European race (IRIN). According to IRIN’s 2005 report, these people of European descent own about 82% of all arable land in South Africa.
The percentage of hunger in South Africa is very high, and this problem is not solved till now. This article will explain the hunger problem in South Africa, the causes of increasing the hunger, it affects and the previous solutions attempted to solve the problem. Hunger in South Africa has many causes. The First major cause of hunger is price inflation. According to kitissou (2014), January 2006 till June 2008, was the worst period in South Africa because prices of food were doubled.
So why will they not help them? The inequality kills people, and it goes all the way back to apartheid, where 80% of all the land was controlled by whites. It is not only in South Africa the inequality takes place, while there are 196 countries in the world only 25 of them, are considered “rich”, that means that over 87% of all countries are poor, and some of them, like Zimbabwe for example, are very poor, that is too many in today’s world. One of the main reasons why South Africa keeps being poor, is because of
This paper is inspired by the two articles “Oman’s Diverse Society: Northern Oman” by J.E. Peterson and the second chapter of the book “Tanzania in Transition” by Kjell Havnevik. We live in a world where “the wealth of the one percent richest people in the world amounts to $110 trillion. That’s 65 times the total wealth of the bottom half of the world’s population” (Shin, 2014, para 2). Poverty is defined as the lack of basic human needs; and Africa is known to be the poorest continent, in which Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in that continent.
According to UNDP (1996), poverty is no longer contained within national boundaries, it has become even globalized and it travels across borders, without a passport, in the forms of drugs, disease, pollution, migration, terrorism and political stability. Poverty is an important concern for social workers everywhere in the world, but there are differences in scope of this phenomenon. Nigeria harbors the largest population of poor people in the sub Saharan Africa despite being the eight largest oil producing country in the world. Nigeria is also ranked 158th on the human development index (Y. Dauda and J. Aderonmu, 2010). High income inequality is also a common feature of the country, which has majority of the wealth, concentrated to a few especially those residing in the urban areas.
Dry forests are the most common of tropical forest types (Holdridge, 1967). They comprise 42% of all areas occupied by tropical or subtropical forests (Murphy and Lugo 1986). Dry forest regions also have the highest human population densities in the neo- tropics (Murphy and Lugo 1986). Janzen (1988) stated that tropical dry forests are the most threatened of all major tropical forest types. Because of relatively long and intensive land-use histories, tropical dry forests are considered among the world's most exploited and endangered ecosystems (Janzen 1988).
The main causes of poverty are corruption, illiteracy, natural and geographical characters. Major causes of poverty: 1. Climatic factors: It is important causes of poverty. Most of our country has tropical climate. The hot weather of our country absorbs the energy of people in rural and it affects the production severely.
Food that is intended for human consumption but not consumed or not used for its purpose is waste of resources such as land and water. Food production is part of agriculture activities that is land and water intensive. Agriculture is considered to be one of the greatest contributors to global warming by emitting greenhouse gasses Therefore, food waste will also results in emitting unnecessary CO2. Nonetheless agriculture is considered also as the main driver of biodiversity loss by turning forest into farm land considered to be major polluter due to the usage of fertilizer as well as manure produced throughout the activity. Food lost or wasted happened through the entire journey in the food supply chain of developed and developing countries.
Desertification crisis affecting 168 countries worldwide, and studies show it? Were considered a global problem because of their economic, social and environmental, especially on developing countries dramatically, because they live in the ecosystems of dry lands most vulnerable to land degradation and desertification - those areas. On the economic front, land dry the population suffer from the poorest economic conditions because of desertification affects food productivity and reduces the potential regional and universality, as well as the food deficit in the threatened areas (arid and semi-arid), and a decrease of agricultural land and a shortage of water resources and poor quality and do not forget that the livelihoods of many farmers deteriorate? That desertification leads to the destruction of life as well as vegetable extinction of some groups of animals is one of the biggest reasons for the loss of biological diversity in which dramatically reduces the chances of food production. And from the social level, desertification in all continents happens except Antarctica affects the lives of millions of people ways, the impact of this desertification and drought on a large proportion of the poor in this land, and caused a decrease in the level of welfare of the individual dramatically, particularly education, health, utilities and services due to slow growth infrastructure and the varied levels of these causes of altered rates of