The Effects Of Prohibition On Drug Offenders

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Beyond the effects already discussed, there are other mechanisms, which might increase the level of violence under prohibition. As mentioned previously, increased enforcement of prohibition for a given size criminal justice budget results in the diminished enforcement against other crimes such as assault and battery, theft and rape. Therefore when the annual number of drug-related arrests increased from 200,000 to over 1.2 million from 1968 to 1992, with one-third of those being marijuana arrests (mostly for mere possession), it created a crowding out effect. (Figure 5) As prisons struggled to take in all of these drug-offenders, they were forced to make room by releasing other offenders early, including some violent offenders. (Against Drug

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