The Effects Of The Black Death

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The Black Plague was a detrimental epidemic that affected every social class and still wreaks havoc to this day. The Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe from 1346-1353 (Benedictow 1). This gruesome infection was caused by bacteria Yersinia pestis (Benedictow 1). Yersinia pestis is a bacteria transmitted to people bitten by fleas from infected rodents (“Plague” 1). It then takes over the whole human body (Aberth 19). Black Death did not discriminate based on social class. Both the wealthy and the poor were affected (McGill 1). From this disease alone, one-third of the population were killed by the disease (McGill 1). Approximately fifty million people died from the Black Death (Benedictow 5). Lack of medicine, poor hygiene, and proper waste disposal made the situation prime for the plague. Weakness due to hunger made people more prone to illness (McGill 1). Due to the over population and regular crop failures, extreme famine struck Europe by 1332. The expansion of agriculture caused farmers to become prosperous (McGill 1).
The plague was thought to have started in China (McGill 1). Rodent, usually black rats, carry the disease (Benedictow 1). European merchant ships unknowingly transported rats and fleas carrying the disease to Italy (McGill 1). Sailors on the ships had swelling in their armpits and groins, boils, and black spots on their skin (Galli 1). Typically, sailors died within five days (Galli 1). Once the rats and fleas left the ship, the

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