However, these two forms of governments are influential in the fact that they have played a valuable role in shaping modern day politics.Communism was responsible for the red scare and the cold war. For centuries, autocratic and repressive tsarist regimes ruled the country and most of the population lived under severe economic and social conditions. Russia 's badly organized and unsuccessful involvement in World War I. This lead on to a popular discontent with the government 's corruption and inefficiency. The red scare was during world war one and then the second was after world war two and a little bit before the cold war.
This caused tension, leading to armies and navies expanding in each nation (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). Because of this each country was on edge, which would eventually cause the slightest movement to start World War I. As each country continued to expand their navies and armies, an arms race began (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). Britain quickly began building their navy to protect their oversea empire, and Germany also began building a navy, as they needed to protect their new colonies. Britain quickly became afraid of Germany’s motives, so they built an even stronger navy.
To examine the Cold War consensus, one must discuss the Cold War. The Cold war was the tension between the United States, standing for capitalism, and the USSR, standing for totalitarianism and socialism, following World War II. Although it was not a physical war between the two superpowers, many proxy wars had came out of it as way to spread or combat communism throughout the Free World. The Free World, as the U.S. came to define it, did not necessarily mean free as countries were being ruled by military regimes and dictatorships, but free from communism(70). During the Cold War, the spread of communism frighted the American People.
For many years, The Cold War was the issue of a fierce debate regarding who or what exactly was the reason that caused it. On this subject, there are three schools of thought: the traditionalists, the revisionists and the post-revisionists. The traditionalists blame Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union’s expansionist and violent diplomacy for being the starters of the war. “Besides violating the agreements made at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin completely disregarded the United Nations because he intended to expand and dominate his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.” (Nye 118). The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe.
In 1848, a series of republican revolts broke out against the European monarchies. These revolts happened in France, Italy, Prussia, and Austria-Hungary. Ending in failure, the revolutions were followed by widespread frustration among the liberals. Each major country that partook in the revolutions had specific leaders that wanted to get their nations change. Each of the nation’s revolts had different outcomes and degrees of “success”.
The picture also implied that there were communists in the United States trying to actively destroyed the democracy. Just like how the people of salem thought that witches were going to take over their city, the fear of communism and the fear of witches where all but the same. The increase in severity of the Red Scare and in the Crucible are almost
In contrast to the World War 2 ear of comics they examined the more dehumanizing aspects of war. Given the context of the Cold War and the prominent anti-communism of the early fifties, the Korean War would seem to provide an interesting new direction for the war comics that would influence the generation to read them. The constant threat of infiltration and subversion made the communists an even more dangerous and insidious enemy than the Nazis. The ‘loss’ of China to the Communist Revolution in 1949 and the Soviet 's successful test of an atomic bomb preceded the North Korean invasion of the South in June 1950. These events confirmed for many the existence of an international communist conspiracy.
Although Truman’s actions and the new ‘policies’ that he introduced were a major factor to the deterioration of America-Soviet relations, it is important to understand the pre-1945 factors that affected these relations. After World War I, European countries adopted an appeasement ideology: The world was horrified by what the war had done to Europe, and a war like that must never happen again, so peace must be protected at all costs. This led to many attempts to preserve peace in Europe, which ultimately failed as Germany invaded Poland and the world realized that another war was about to begin. However, one of the last agreements that the western countries signed with the Nazis might have been the start of the bad Soviet relations with these countries: the Munich agreement. This agreement said that Hitler was free to invade a portion of Czechoslovakia, as long as he went no further.
Most of the population disagreed with both of the policies, however, the benefits and the positive effects outweighed for many. War Communism had a significant impact on the peasantry and the proletariat, it was extremely unpopular and not successful enough to continue. It has been suggested that War Communism was an attempt by the Bolsheviks to go straight to socialism, it is more likely that it was a reaction to wartime conditions, justified by ideological position. The effect of War Communism on the proletariat was immense, Lenin nationalised businesses to place the economy on a war footing. All industries came under direct control of the state, managers were forced to stay in their positions and private trades were banned.
Pandemonium can dictate a country’s or settlement’s future when not taken under control. The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, perfectly illustrates the downsides of pandemonium, but also a real life event. In 1950s America, the Communist Party was sparking outrage and chaos that soon the United States would face a fascist government. Both situations lead to tension in society and people turning their backs against each other. In “Are You Now or Were You Ever?”, also written by Arthur Miller, the online article discusses the reasons to why Miller wrote the book such as the similarities to the Communist Party in America to the Salem Witch Trials, play scripts, actors, and the paranoia in society.