There were many of them all ages moving by horse, wagon, or walking. This shows Robert Lindneux wants us to visualize the hardship that Native Americans were forced into. The painting was created after the Westward expansion showing that it was not a good idea. William Weatherford, in “Adventures Among Indians”, stated “...my people are all gone--I can do no more than weep over the misfortunes of my nation. Once I could animate my warriors to battle: but I cannot animate the dead.” Native Americans fought back against the United States but many were killed during battle.
Contrary to popular belief, Thomas Jefferson was the one who proposed the idea of the Indian Removal Act. The proposal was made when native tribes refused to integrate and adapt to American lifestyle (assimilation). In fact, Jefferson stated, “if we are constrained to lift the hatchet against any tribe, we will never lay it down until that tribe is exterminated, or driven beyond the Mississippi.” As president, Jefferson made an agreement with Georgia to relinquish their claim of land in the west in return that the United States army would force the Cherokee from Georgia. However, the agreement was demolished because the United States had formed a treaty with the Cherokee granting them the right to their lands. As for Monroe, he commission Andrew Jackson to destroy the Seminole native tribe of Florida.
However, he was not immune to the gravity of the situation. He viewed his mission “…without enthusiasm; when he realized that many of the Georgia troops seemed as interested in killing the Cherokee as removing them, he realized the extent of the challenged he faced,” (Sturgis, 2007). The removal process was horrifying as men, women, children, and elderly were forced out of their homes usually at gun point. The Cherokee were forced into the small stockades while their homes were looted, claimed by
Cherokee Indians signed a treaty giving up their land in exchange for territory in Arkansas. Andrew Jackson signed for the act May 28, 1830, then he outlined a drawing December 6th. President Jackson pushed the act because it allowed him to grant unsettled land in
Question 1 Indian Removal A.) The Indian Removal Act was passed in 1830 authorizing Andrew Jackson on negotiating land-exchange treaties with tribes living East of Mississippi. The Treaties were often enacted under the act’s provisions emigrating ten of thousands of American Indians to the West. B.) One type of Indian Resistance was the order removal of Indian Tribes residing East of the Mississippi newly to established Indian Territory West of Arkansas and Missouri, and another resistance was that those resisting eviction forcibly removed by American forces oftenly after the prolonged of the legal and military battles.
In the book I Wish I’d Been There, there are two chapters that can easily be compared, the McGillivray Moment and Chief Joseph Surrenders, for they both had to do with Native Americans, and how they were kicked off their land. Both were made promises that weren’t kept,by American Generals. even if meant twisting the rules of war and going against the law. In The McGillivray Moment, President George Washington was worried that the Creek Nation was going to over inhabit the land to the west of the Mississippi river, also known as the land of America’s future. Washington was now faced with a problem, “The land west of the Mississippi must be inhabited by whites…, and the rights of the Native Americans to their tribal land must be protected.” That’s when Washington met Chief McGillivray, McGillivray was one of the,” twenty-seven Indian Chiefs representing all the major tribes of the Creek Nation” that paraded into the capital of the newly created
While white settlers bought up lottery tickets and a chance at Cherokee land, the Georgia Legislature began to pass new laws that would override Cherokee sovereignty. Georgia ruled that meetings of the Cherokee Legislature and courts would be illegal and anyone living on Cherokee land and not Cherokee were subject to approval under Georgia law. Some would blatantly reject these imposes of Georgia, one being Samuel Worchester, a white missionary who lived in Cherokee territory for years was jailed and sentenced to “hard labor.” Georgia state legislator’s efforts, were in essence to write the Cherokees out of existence, ignoring the nation’s constitution, borders and laws in the pursuit of Cherokee land. When Cherokee’s approached President
In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson 's Indian removal policy the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi and to move to an area in Oklahoma. The Cherokee called this journey the Trail of Tears because of its devastating effects. Cherokee lands were held hostage by the states and the federal government and Cherokees had to agree to move to preserve their name as tribes. So the government took there land and made them travel a 1000 miles just to keep there name. The Holocaust on the
This was a very controversial event that many people opposed. The law required that Natives not be forced to leave their lands; however, President Andrew Jackson, who had signed the Act into law, often ignored this, and took Native land by force. Native Americans were relocated to land west of the Mississippi that the United States had gotten in the Louisiana Purchase (History.com, 2009). The Choctaw nation was the first to be forced from its land. These Natives travelled on foot to their new lands, on what was later called the “Trail of Tears”.
Perhaps the most controversial of Jackson’s actions during his presidency is the Indian Removal Act of 1830 that lead to the Trail of Tears. Soon after becoming president, Jackson passed the former act which called for the relocation of native tribes from their homelands to a designated “Indian territory” in present-day Oklahoma. While Jackson had a clear idea of his plans, he befriended the tribes and promised them prosperity, friendship, and the possibility of becoming civilized children of God. In other words, he, the symbol of reassurance in America, stabbed the backs of all natives. Beyond the question of Jackson 's morality, what was the ultimate reason behind the removal?
When Abraham Lincoln became President there was a fear from the southerners that the southern way of life would end. The southerners thought that if the western territories became free states that the Republicans would change the Constitution and make slavery in all areas outlawed and many thought that they would leave the Union before this inflicted upon them. The southerners held back from the division until 1860 when Lincoln became President. In history it is known that South Carolina was the first state that began the secession. “On December 20, 1860, a state convention repealed South Carolina’s ratification of the U.S. Constitution and voted to withdraw from the Union.
He got the indian removal act passed by the government so he could try to get them to give up their homeland. He also got the some federal troops to take them from their homeland so they could have the land. Lastly, He got the western part of america and he had someone take them out of georgia and move them to oklahoma and many indians died. Andrew Jackson got the federal government to sign the indian removal act in 1830. The indian removal act
The Indian Removal Act The Indian Removal Act was signed as a law by President Andrew Jackson in 1830. This law was to remove and settle the Native Americans from East of the Mississippi River to the West, known as Indian Territory. This law also prohibited white people to settle in the nation. Thousands of Indians made attempts which were not violent. Many Indians refused to leave from their lands because they worked for them really hard to just be removed like that.
This was because most of his family had been lost in the War of 1812, where Natives were allies with Brittan. The Washington government in the 1790’s, policy in the United States was mainly used to give Indians their rights, this was violated by Jackson soon after he was elected president. Andrew Jackson, who was in favor of Western expansion, forced Indians to move from their homeland. From the beginning of the United States’ government, Indian tribes were given rights to be treated as nations, and their rights had to be respected by the Constitution. For example, Henry Knox, Secretary of War in 1789, wrote to President George Washington that, “The Indians being the prior occupants, possess the right of the soil.