The Emancipation Proclamation

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This proclamation is considered a political and historical presidential or executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln in the City of Washington on January 1, 1863.
It is not considered a law passed by the Congress but a proclamation written by the president alone based on the war powers given to the President by the Constitution.
The moment in which it took place was critical as it was in the middle of one of the greatest wars America has gone through in history, the Civil War.
To understand the meaning of this proclamation and how it changed the history of America we have to move back to the start of the Civil War and Lincoln’s attitude towards it.
The Civil War of America is known as the conflict between the Northern states (the Union) and
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With this Proclamation Lincoln and his Administration believed that making the abolition of slavery a war aim, they could stop Great Britain or France from recognizing the Confederacy because it had been a long time since these countries had abolished slavery and would not support a country fighting a war to defend it, and so they would help the Union or stay neutral
Furthermore, emancipation would indirectly allow the North to undercut the South's war effort, which had and was supported by the slave labor.
During that period until our days the Emancipation Proclamation has been admired by some citizens but criticized by others because it did not actually free all slaves in the United States, rather it declared free only those slaves living in states not under Union control.
As stated before, this proclamation did not free all the slaves because it was actually set up as a double-face strategy by Lincoln.
Lincoln made it clear with an entire paragraph the states or parts of states which were in that moment in rebellion with the United States and in which this executive order would be
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This was because Abraham Lincoln knew well the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution and the limits of his authority as a President.

In conclusion we could say that although the Emancipation Proclamation did not immediately free a single slave, it become an important turning point in the war because it reached the hearts and wishes of millions of slaves, most of them African American, transforming the character of the war from a war to preserve the nation into a battle for human freedom. Moreover, the proclamation announced the acceptance of black men into the Union army and navy, enabling the liberated to become liberators. So as, by the end of the war, almost 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had fought for the Union and freedom.
President Abraham Lincoln was a political genius because of the way he was able to exploit the Emancipation Proclamation and the freeing of the slaves to work for the Union in so many differing and crucial ways. He freed the slaves because he knew it would directly benefit the Union. Lincoln was successful at completing the main goal of his job as President: keeping the United States
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