These twins were orphaned after being sentenced to death by their great uncle, Amulius; for being the sons of the god of war, Mars. Instead of being executed they were sent down the river of Tiber, until being rescued by a she wolf. They were then raised by the she wolf until being found by a herdsman named Faustulus. They were raised by him until they were old enough to go back to Alba Longa and get their grand fathers throne back. They then
The Crusades were known as a series of battles launched by Europe against the Islamic religion to take back the holy land of Jerusalem. When the First Crusade was launched, Jerusalem churches were under the Muslim rule. When Pope Urban II was elected, he found himself the head of a reformed movement to win back the holy land of Jerusalem, and relieve churches of the Muslim rule. Emperor Alexius, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire, requested help from Pope Urban because the Muslims were killing his Christian people. Since the Muslims were in command of Jerusalem, the violent acts happening in the Byzantine Empire by the Muslims were happening in Jerusalem as well.
Some historians claim that there are as many as a hundred political and non-political interweaving reasons that led to the collapse of Roman Empire. One of the important political causes is the division of the Empire into two empires, the west (Latin) and the eastern (Greek, later known as the Byzantine empire) in 284 A.D. by Diocletian. This division was adopted to protect the over-expanding empire and to defend its borders against the Barbarian attacks. This was achieved initially as the two empires synchronized responsibilities and strengthened each. However, over successive years, there were religious and linguistic barriers that prevented further cooperation and inhibited any trials for re-union.
In the reign of Attila, the Huns became the terror of the world, and invaded the East and West, and urged the rapid downfall of the Roman empire.xix Recognizing the great wealth of the Eastern Empire, Attila the Hun directed most his attention in that direction, devastating the Balkans up to the very walls of Constantinople in 447 AD.xx The Eastern court then bought off Attila the Hun with a payment of tribute and with the promise of annual subsidies.xxi When the payments stopped, Attila reacted to this by invading the territory of Gaul. The threat from the Huns was finally stopped at the Battle of Chalons, by the Roman commander Aelius, this was an important win for the Romans. After being forced to withdraw from Gaul in 451 AD, Attila was and then proceeded to invade Italy in 452 AD. xxii “Rather than an army, Rome dispatched Pope Leo I and two senators to attempt to negotiate with Attila.”xxiii The Hun threat ended a year later when Attila died, causing the Hunnic empire to
In book 8, the shield Aeneas receives from Venus and Vulcan is another obvious aspect of Augustan propaganda. The shield is decorated with events from Roman history beginning with Romulus and Remus begin taken in by the she-wolf, Lupa. Next Horatius in standing at the bridge, where he will single-handedly holding off the forces of the Etruscans who want to make Rome bow to kings again. Finally, right in the center, is the Battle of Actium, showing Augustus Caesar in defeating the combined powers of Mark Antony and
Shakespeare used one element of the traditional tragic hero in which a person of noble birth is the tragic hero. Brutus fits this example of a tragic hero because Marcus Brutus’s ancestor Junius Brutus fought the Tarquin Kings, who were ruthless dictators and tyrants and kicked them off the throne and took away control of Rome from them long before the time Caesar. Junius then established the Roman government that was present in the time of Caesar. The government he founded made all Romans proud especially Marcus Brutus. “O, you and I have heard our fathers say, there was a Brutus once that would have brooked Th’ eternal devil to keep his state in Rome as easily as a king” (I.ii.158-161).
The demise of Byzantine Empire began with their defeat during the battle of Manzikert (Rodgers 88). The Turks captured Emperor Romanos IV and humiliated him. During the early 14th Century, two civil wars weakened the empire. The first was a power-sharing war involving an emperor and his grandson fought between 1321-1328 AD. The second war involved the thrones and the aristocracy giving the Serbs an opportunity to invade the empire.
These brothers were part of the “monarchy”, their great uncle named Amulius was the king of Alba Longa, he took over the kingdom, because he was the youngest brother among he and Numitor, the grandfather of the founders of Rome. The daughter of Numitor was a nun, but she had two kids with the god Mars. Amulius sent the twin brothers through the Tiber river, to “disappear” the boys, but a she-wolf took care of them until they grew up. The destiny guide them to found a new and powerful city in which the people would live safe and happy. But the ambition led the two brothers fight and divided.
Charlemagne When the Frankish King Pepin the Short passed away, his kingdom was divided between his two sons, Carloman, and Charlemagne also referred to as Charles the Great. When Carloman died, Charlemagne became the sole ruler. He spent the early part of his regime on military campaigns which expanded his kingdom. He extended his dominance to the south, conquering the regions of Italy and to the north, conquering Spain. The immense territories in which Charlemagne ruled over became known as the Carolingian empire.
They had, in effect, spread themselves too thin. So, Emperor Diocletian split it in two, with one capital in Constantinople, and one in Rome. By this time as well, several Germanic barbarian groups, such as the Vandals and the Goths, were advancing through the weakened Empire 's borders in the area that is now Germany. Eventually, a former Roman commander and leader of the Germanic tribe of Siri, Odovacar entered the city without resistance and dethroned sixteen year-old Emperor Romanus Rogustalus. The Eastern Empire was renamed the Byzantine Empire.
Gaius Caesar, or Caligula, was the emperor of Rome from 37 to 41 A.D. Caligula hailed from one of Rome’s most famous families, the Julio Claudien’s. His great-great grandfather was Julius Caesar, and his great-grandfather was Augustus. Caligula also has another nickname, “little boot”, because he used to go with his father to military campaigns in a uniform and a small pair of boots. Caligula was summoned by Tiberius, Rome’s current ruler at that time, in the year 31. He was adopted by Tiberius, even though he speculated the emperor murdered his father, Germanicus.
Constantine the great also known as “Constantine I” or “Saint Constantine” was a Roman Emperor or Illyrian-Greek Origin from 306 to 337 AD. He was the Son of Flavius Valerius Constantine, a Roman Emperor of his consort Helena. As emperor, Constantine enacted many administrative, financial, social, and military reforms to strengthen the empire. The government was restructured and the civil and military authorities were separated. A new gold coin was introduced to combat inflation known as the solidus.