The process of cloning the MRP gene turned out to be not easy, taking about four years, two graduate students and a postdoctoral scientist. One of the graduate students is a Filipina (now Dr. Jamie Revilleza from UPLB), and the postdoctoral scientist is another Filipino from UPLB (Dr. Alfredo Galvez). Dr. Revilleza contributed to the purification of the MRP from soy that eventually led to the cloning of the gene, and Dr. Galvez took over the project and discovered the anti-mitotic effect of the lunasin gene when transfected into mammalian cells and the cancer preventive effect of the lunasin peptide. While it was not by design that the major contributors to lunasin discovery were both Filipinos, it is a source of pride to point this
Jean Piaget is a psychologist that was born in 1896 on the 9th of August. Piaget was born in Switzerland and exactly in Neuchatel.Piaget was the oldest child.His mother was Rebecca Jackson, and his father is Arthur Piaget.The beginning of his scientific career was when he wrote a notice when he was a student at Neuchatel Latin, high school on an albino sparrow. Due to that he made over sixty books and hundreds of articles. Piaget was not only a psychologist but also a biologist. Piaget received a Ph.D. in zoology in the natural sciences in 1981 studies at the University of Neuchatel.Piaget married a woman called Valentine, and he had three children who are called Jacqueline, Lucienne, and Laurent.
As a teenager, he was interested in the chemicals that compose fertilizers and the pigments and nutrients of plants that lead to his eventual pursuance of chemistry through college and eventually earning himself a PhD at UCLA. After that, he went to Switzerland for post-doctorate research. Before embarking on his famous research of the Heck reaction, Richard Heck moved from California to Delaware to work and research first at Hercules Corporation before being hired to the University of Delaware as a professor. His research on Heck reaction began in the late 1960’s until early 1970’s and was already published by the time his fellow Nobel Laureate winners, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki, presented a variant of the same Heck reaction which used the same palladium catalyst on different base reactants. Heck’s research was not recognized greatly during that time and due to that, he lost research granted money which prompted him to retire from research.
By the summer of 1837 Darwin was convinced that species undergo evolution by means of natural selection. It was clear to him that species was modifiable and these changes occur by natural processes, but he wasn’t sure how the exact mechanisms of the processes. Darwin began keeping track of these speculations in notebooks. The first four of his notebooks are referred to as B, C, D, E by Darwin and commonly referred to as Notebooks of Transmission. These notebooks allow us to observe Darwin’s meticulous journey of developing his theory of evolution by natural selection over the fifteen-month journey.
Gregor Johann Mendel - Born 20th July 1822 –Died 6 January 1884 was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia. Mendel was born in a German-speaking family in the Silesian part of the Austrian Empire (today's Czech Republic) and gained subsequent recognition as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for millennia that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traits, Mendel's pea plant experiments conducted between 1856 and 1863 established many of the rules of heredity, now referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance. The Law of Segregation states that every specific organism contains two alleles (copies of a gene that differ from
Microorganisms are considered as miniatures of chemical factories. Until Pasteur showed that fermentation is initiated by living organisms and showed that lactic acid fermentation is caused by living organisms that people seriously began to investigate microbes as a source for bioactive natural products. Then, scientific serendipity and the power of observation provided the impetus to Fleming to usher in the antibiotic era via the discovery of penicillin from the fungus Penicillium notatum. After which, array of bioactive metabolites was isolated from microorganisms including fungi, bacteria and actinomycetes. Fleming in 1929 discovered the serendipitous penicillin from the filamentous fungus, Penicillium notatum, and he discovered the broad therapeutic use of this agent in the 1940s (Demain and Fang, 2000).
Son of a sergent in nepholian. Pasteur worked as a porttrail painter and teacher before he began to study chemistry in his spare times. These studies led to post him in several french universities as a professor of chemistry and his contributions to wine and silk industry made him a giant scientist. Pasteur approached to the field of fermentation had many fruitfully practical applications. He was the founder of germ theory of fermentation.
The cognitive constructivist theory can be traced back to the work of a talented individual called Jean Piaget who was born on August 9 1896 in Switzerland. By the age of eleven, he had published his first scientific paper, and by his early teens, Piaget’s mollusk papers were published and accepted by academics who were unaware of his age. In 1918, Piaget studied zoology at the University of Neuchâtel and achieved a PhD and after meeting Carl Jung and Paul Eugen Bleuler at the University of Zürich, his career changed direction leading him to study psychology at the Sorbonne in Paris. His work involved checking standardized reasoning tests designed to draw connections between a child’s age and his errors. However, Piaget disagreed with the construction of the test and set about designing his own which led to the birth of the cognitive development theory that was based around a concept of constructivism and the knowledge attainment of children.
In Rebecca Skloot’s novel, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, she discusses how after Henrietta dies a part of her lives on. The book summarizes her life and family, her cells, and their significance to science. Skloot successfully argues that Lacks’s cells became a scientific marvel, being used world wide, which her family had absolutely no knowledge of. The background of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks all comes back to an eager student, Skloot. She initially learned about Henrietta when she was enrolled in a community college biology class.
Years later, Newton found himself studying at the University of Cambridge. While he was at Cambridge, the bubonic plague unfortunately broke out. This plague caused Newton to move back close to his own hometown for two years and to focus on research of his own. According to the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematic Sciences, "he singled out 1665-1666 (spent largely in Lincolnshire because of plague in Cambridge) as "the prime of my age for invention". During two to three years of intense mental effort he prepared Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy)."