This was a time of rapid change and new experiences and influences, such as the discovery of other parts of the world, their peoples, cultures, plants and animals; of the Reformation, and of new science and philosophy that needed new terms to be communicated. Thus a great increase in vocabulary was necessary and English among European languages was unusually profligate in acquiring, which led to the ‘mongrel’ lexicon we have
The vocabulary found in Central English was passed through three stages: 1 - Old English 2 - French 3 - Latin. The main distinction between early English and late modern is vocabulary because of the production of many new vocabularies because of: 1: The Industrial Revolution and the rise of the technological society 2: The rise of the British Empire. 3-gammer: Old English grammar is an artificial language used by name, conscience, character and action and is similar to modern German grammar. Modern and intermediate English grammar is analytical and very close to each
The antagonists believe that “competence, whether linguistic or pragmatic, is not teachable” (Kasper, 1997, p. 1). They believe that competence should be in possession, progressed, mastered, employed or mislayed by learners at most. They also hold that English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classes should not expound the culture of English-speaking countries considering English belongs to Britain, Australia and North America. This because these countries are exercising hegemony and linguistic imperialism (Cutting, 2008, p. 73). Additionally, the opposition concluded that since most learners of English, especially from the outer circle, will not practice English on a daily basis and will use it for the most part with other NNSs, it is not confirmed which pragmatic system is to work for as a model.
English language standardization is a standard form of written English which has been established in England, that standard is always evolving and as English has spread around the world, several different varieties of English now exist. It’s also stress that the stages of standardization need to be successive and may extend over , and that the process involved in the implementation of a standard English are ongoing as successive generation attempt to suppress the variability which is the inventible result of linguistic change . Samuel Johnson dictionary (1755) is named by the dictionary of Standard English which became a model and standard of English in America and England. The dictionaries before Johnson were just a list
Language rules have been changing rapidly over the last few centuries. One of those changes can be found when contrasting the voicing of the interdental sound between Middle English and present-day English. Middle English is an old form of the English language that was supposedly used between AD 1150 and AD 1500. A significant influence on its shaping came from the North Germanic languages and furthermore from the conquering Normans, who spoke a form of French and allowed loan words to find their way into the English language. Additionally spelling was influenced by them when the old English letter < þ>, called thorn, was replaced by the usage of with its two different sounds /ð/ (voiced) and /θ/ voiceless.
Regional Settlement Frontline Donations to the American-English settlers coming from the front line (nation Sweden, England, Ireland, Skontlandia) could not be identified because after the languages they intersect they immediately become one entity so that their native language is lost and each is caused by common interests aiming at a common good. 8. Evolution of Dialect-In American English Dialect The development of American English dialects be determined by factors specific cultural and geographical history. Some say the English have always mengedapankan time (last word and now) this is the impact of cultural history, and the geographical point of view on the regions have different characters and creates character of the area, but they remain a single entity as the motto of the immigrants in America "Ubi Panis Ibi Patria" (from many, one). 9.
Yes it is, do we know all about them, we don’t, and the reason we don’t is because very little is actually translated from most of the cultures and languages of the world in to the major languages that exist now, which is of course the dominant imperial language today as English spoken different parts of the world than any other languages. So what is this is creating in essence a cultural conformity and uniformity that is quite damaging to world literature
In 2009, English functions as a global lingua franca, i.e., it is the means of communication between speakers who have different first languages in various settings around the world (Berns, 2007:5). The growth of English language depends on several factors such as the role of the U.S. in the ending of World War I and World War II, and powerful country standing. The influence of American music and social media on Europe has made English language a part of secondary education in Europe. For instance, globalisation has resulted in greater competition between languages, on both a regional and a worldwide scale, with both winners and losers. (Maurais and Moriss, 2003; 1-3).
Spoken English institutes are mushrooming every nook and corner of our country, especially in Tamil Nadu. The pity thing is that pupils are not properly trained to speak, read and write English in our schools. One of the major factors leading to this picture is the paucity of good teachers who are willing to take the necessary steps to ensure the development of speaking skills in the children. The second factor is the low-self esteem and the lack of learner motivation. The third factor is the insufficient time and resources.
In this way English spread throughout the world. English that was once the language of only native speakers has now gained the status of an international language. It is considered as the lingua franca. It is not only used for communicative purpose between native and non-native speakers instead it is used by non-native speakers for some meaningful interactions. Graddol found out in one of his research that almost two billion people in today’s world are having the knowledge of English.