11.4 - Long Essay LEQ Practice the Enlightenment Prompt: Describe and analyze the influence of the Enlightenment on both elite culture and popular culture in the eighteenth century. Throughout the centuries, Europe has been an ever changing and evolving culture that shifts and morphs to fit the mold of the social normalities present at the time. Whether it be the Renaissance, the Reformation, or the World Wars, Europe has frequently changed as a society and culture throughout the ages. In particular, one of the most prevalent and enormous culture shifts was that of the Enlightenment.
En·light·en·ment noun 1. the action of enlightening or the state of being enlightened. 2. the Enlightenment, a philosophical movement of the 18th century, characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational doctrine.
European politics, philosophy, and science were radically changed during the 17th and 18th centuries during a period called the Enlightenment. Enlightenment thinkers throughout Europe questioned cultural norms and embraced the notion that humanity could be improved through rational change. Science had been mostly a male field of study during this age. It was extremely rare for women to enter this field, but during the Enlightenment, the idea that the minds of women can equal that of men became more popular. Many people believed that women did not have the intelligence to be involved in science, while some others believed that even if women could be held on the same intellectual level as men, it was socially unacceptable; on the other hand,
After the revolutionary war, states rushed to set up governments, and each one shared 3 common principles. The first of these principles is natural rights and higher law, which came almost directly from John Locke. Natural rights and higher law is the idea that the purpose of government is to protect the citizens life, liberty and property, and that everyone had to obey the higher law, aka the constitution. The second principle is Popular sovereignty, which is essential to the concept of democracy. Popular sovereignty literally means the people are the highest authority, giving them authority to give the right to govern to the government.
"How Ideologies Can Cause a Revolution in the Enlightenment" Revolt, power, despotism, government, and equality are words that can be used against each other and for each other, but all of them can be described in relation to a revolution. Revolution is a revolt against a higher power for a change in the economy, social structure, or government. The Enlightenment was a time period in which new ideas and intellectual movements arose to change society. Ideologies of the Enlightenment can cause a revolution because of the changes they bring to the economy, social structure, and government. "Economy is a huge part of a revolution.
The Enlightenment took place during the 17th and 18th Century in Europe. It was a time in which philosophes questioned social norms and found their voice. These three philosophes argued that all individuals both men and women should have more freedom. The Enlightenment was a time period in which people questioned the government, religion, and gender. John Locke, one of the four philosophes was a huge figure in the Enlightenment as he questioned the ways of the government and how it run.
The Influential Enlightenment Age of Colonial America Although the enlightenment started in Europe it didn't end there many of the ideas and events from the enlightenment spurred out to other parts of the world most particularly the American colonies, this helped them to discover themselves and build on their nation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to affect their happiness. Thomas Hobbes book “Leviathan” is one of the ideas that made it to the American colonies and they most definitely took it into consideration since the parts of their government are based on these matters. Another major idea was the “English Bill Of Rights”. Yes America copied England even though America hated England they couldn’t pass up good intellect when they see it.
The enlightenment was an important aspect in achieving every angle of the colonial America, such as the politics, religion and the social economic of the USA .During and after the Revolution most of these core aspects of enlightenment were the basic foundation in achieving independence and the American constitution altogether. Fundamental aspects like natural rights, freedom of expression and the public view of the governmental organs came as a result of enlightenment. Locke, a renowned philosopher and other philosophers established the foundation for the colonial and the modern America. (Israel, 2011).
Enlightenment was a concept that inspired a new way of thinking of the people. In the newly formed United States of America, enlightenment shaped the way the new government was run. Scientific reasoning was applied to politics, religion, and science. Enlightenment saved music, art, and literature programs in colleges. Enlightenment in Europe led to drastically altered views on philosophy, politics, and communications.
KEY TERMS: Enumerated goods- Goods from the colonies such as cotton, sugar and tobacco. Could only be shipped to England or other English colonies. Age of Enlightenment- Era from 1620 to 1780 where people stressed reason and analytics instead of following the traditional guidelines. Halfway Covenant- In 1662 church partial church membership acquired established in New England.
The Age of Enlightenment has transformed the world into the interactive, academic, global community it is today. Over a few centuries, many thinkers, scientists, and other Enlightenment figures shared their thoughts on important matters and refused to be silenced. These people transformed the political, social, and moral norms that many people had consented to. The Age of Enlightenment emphasized fairer government, exchange of ideas, and doing things out of curiosity. The Age of Enlightenment transformed the political norms of the age by emphasizing fairer government.
Enlightenment The enlightenment was a time in which leaders and philosophers promoted ideas during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that influenced people's thoughts concerning politics, social justice, human progress and religion forever. As said by Philosopher Immanuel Kant, “Enlightenment is defined as the upset of the established order/the awakening of one’s mind/forsaking society’s imposed mindset and establishing one for yourself.” (Document 12) These scientists like Issac Newton and writers like John Locke were challenging the old ways and because of that people became socially aware.
The age of Enlightenment with all the hopefulness and principles that it brought started to rise a lot of enemies when the peace that the pioneers of the Enlightenment had claimed did not become concrete. First of all, came the French revolution, in addition to other events and different civil wars. The French revolution for example is considered as the first cause for the Anti Enlightenment thinkers. These wars provided a chance for notions and concepts such as the doctrine that all natural phenomena, including life and thought, allow mechanical explanation, materialistic worldview and atheism. A movement called Counter Enlightenment appeared as a traditional movement which occured between the 18th and 20th centuries, claimed a hesitation
Is the natural state a good idea? to answer this question English philosopher John Locke gave us inside through his writing on the Second Treatise of government where he wrote theories about the natural state of men and the government. In my opinion everything that the state of nature and the laws of nature stand for, are a bad idea and living in it would end up in chaos. On his Second Treatise of government Locke starts by explaining the state of nature, where men are all free to do as they please as long as it does not interfere with the laws of nature. The state of nature is also a state of equality, where men posses the right to enforce punishments and be the judge on their behalf.
From the beginning of time, humans have learned new things that have tremendously helped us improve as a whole. Two of the most influential periods in history are the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. Although some may consider them two completely different slices in our world’s history, the Scientific Revolution was actually a significant reason for the move to the Enlightenment. “A major cause for the Enlightenment was the Scientific Revolution which, because of its many achievements in science, gave rise to the expectation that similar breakthroughs might be achieved in the social and political arena if only the same methods were applied” (The Enlightenment). Each era had things that set them apart as well as things that made